Heritage and History
"Never forget the roots of your family"

Try to imagine, that your grandchildren can´t speak with you in your language......

Learn the family your language, culture and respect of your roots!
It´s a good idea to a start looking the mainpage About Philippines

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AND NOT a aboutphilippines.ph - which soon will be closed down,
ALL .ph sub-domains e.g. www.catholicchurch.aboutphilippines.ph HAS BEEN CLOSED, just change these to:

Look the MANY IMPORTANT INFORMATIONS (opens in a new window) e.g.:

Full INDEX with informations and descriptions of - links to ALL our pages!
Use of cookies, About, Privacy and Disclaimer!
Contact us, Help to you - and - Help us, send good links!
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Heritage - general - authorities - etc. and Historical places - etc.

Heritage Ancient Death, Funeral, Burial and the Dead

THE OFFICIAL CALENDAR - An Almanac of Philippine Commemorations

The Electoral Almanac - the history of Philippine elections - Etc.

Historical Churches

Heritage of Fortifications

Ancient Goldworking & Treasures

Maritime heritage - Museums etc. e.g. Boats

Cebu Heritage - e.g. many photos

Film art Heritage

Why the PH is a safe haven for refugees

"Philippine Refugee Centers" and "The Boat People" - Etc.

History of the Philippines e.g.:

The People Power Revolution, the EDSA Revolutions

Massacres - historical and 1968 - ???

and MUCH more!


IMPORTANT to look too:

About the Philippines, Introduction to Culture & History

Ferdinand E. E. Marcos, Sr. - President, Dictator, Martial Law, Burial, Etc. and
Burying Marcos in Libingan ng mga Bayani - 'Heroes' Cemetery?

Look also

National Historical Commission of the Philippines

Languages: History & Heritage, Evolution, "Dead", Endangered

The Philippine Flag - Evolution - Flag days, National Symbols - etc.

National Heroes Day

Philippine Money - History and Museums

Architectural Heritage: Indigenous, Ancient, Colonial and Famous - etc.

Landmarks, National parks and World Heritage etc.

We recommend also to search for more informations!

Remark: PowerPoint, eBook, pdf files are marked with - -

Look our Sitemap with links to open the selected pages

In the left column:

LEFT Click the blue link or logo and REMARK these can be "down in the row", if there are extra blue link(s) in the row in the right column about the subject!
A "top" link Video(s) will open a main-album with video(s) and related sub-album(s) with more video(s)
Look the FULL descriptions in the album(s).

In the right column:

Description about what to look and maybe extra blue link(s) about the subject.

Deleted articles?

AboutPhilippines says:
Very often Official Gazette and other gov.ph and etc. websites of authorities is not accessible for important articles

Look also

They’re shredding documents at the Palace?
Updated May 22, 2016
Malacañang staffers say they're 'frustrated' over verbal orders for them to shred and transfer certain government documents. Everything is verbal with the absence of written instructions on the shredding and transfer.
Is this even allowed? The national archives law (Republic Act 9470) prohibits government agencies from disposing of their records unless authorized, in writing, by the executive director of the National Archives of the Philippines.

The Museum Foundation of the Philippines

formerly Concerned Citizens for the National Museum is a non-stock, non-profit, membership, and volunteer organization dedicated to developing greater awareness and appreciation in the Filipino of our country’s rich artistic and cultural heritage in partnership with the National Museum and its network of divisions and branches.

Look also List of Museums in the Philippines


This is the Philippines
Catriona Gray showcases PH's rich heritage
by Cat'elle December 09, 2018

This is the Philippines shows Catriona taking a tour of Luzon. She traveled to Manila, Pampanga, and Rizal, where she showed off Intramuros, Luneta Park, the art of the Higantes, parol (lantern) making, and paintings by the country's national artists.

Look also the article HERE

Smoking guns of history
by Vergel Santos September 16, 2017

Once he dodged Trillanes' challenge, Paolo Duterte, academic specialization notwithstanding, could not stop his secret tattoo going into the ledgers under the same column as Ferdinand Marcos' transplanted kidneys, and Joseph Estrada's unopened envelope.
A tattoo on the back of the President's son Paolo Duterte is the latest to go into the box of telltale secrets of recent history. Its very concealment inspires suspicions attaching a smoking-gun quality to it.
In fact, similar secrets have attracted enough credibility unseen to contribute to the ouster of two presidents – Ferdinand Marcos and Joseph Estrada.

Look the article as pdf HERE

Investigate atrocities during PH-US War, WWII, Martial Law
by Mara Cepeda September 14, 2016

House Resolution 339 also seeks to commend President Rodrigo Duterte for saying that the Philippines would pursue an 'independent foreign policy'
Under House Resolution (HR) Number 339, Roque wants Duterte to form independent commissions composed of experts who would "investigate, write, and make public through academic publications and other venues" complete historical accounts of the following:
The Filipinos killed during the Philippine-American War from 1899 to 1902
The "horrific" system of sexual slavery imposed by the Japanese Imperial Army on Filipinos during World War II
Human rights violations committed during the regime of the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos

From an old poet to a young novelist (and back)
by Mila D. Aguilar January 02, 2017

A lesson in martial law and current history

Filipinos and the politics of acceptance
by Frankie Concepcion December 06, 2016

What I have learned from history is that often, Filipinos have been asked to accept the very tragedies which have defined us.

"AboutPhilippines" says: An article giving thoughts!

Heroism, Heritage, and Nationhood
Essays and Features from the Official Gazette is a compendium of long-form essays featured in the Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines and the Presidential Museum and Library websites.
This book is one of the special legacy publications of the Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office (PCDSPO), the office mandated to preserve and curate the institutional memory of the Office of the President.
Editorial: Families and heritage
May 22, 2016

May, declared as National Heritage Month, challenges Filipino families and communities to keep alive the valuable legacy of our ancestors, which shape our sense of who we are.

The Philippines: The Biblical land of Ophir?
Do you think Philippines is the Land of Ophir which can be found in the bible?
Ophir is a port or region mentioned in the Bible, famous for its wealth. King Solomon is supposed to have received a cargo of gold, silver, sandalwood, precious stones, ivory, apes and peacocks from Ophir, every three years.

Look also HERE, HERE


the Video The Philippines: The Biblical land of Ophir?

Yamashita’s gold has been found and it's not what you think
by Piers Kelly August 07, 2016

What many people don’t realize is that Filipinos have been searching for mythical fortunes for quite some time – it’s just that each generation imagines the bounty in a different way

Obama signs law honoring Filipino WWII veterans
by Don Kevin Hapal December 16, 2016
The US is set to award the Congressional Gold Medal to 260,000 Filipino veterans as a 'fitting tribute' to their dedicated service during the last war.
Outgoing President Barack Obama signed into law on Thursday, December 15, the Filipino Veterans of World War II Congressional Gold Medal Act of 2015 which honors Filipinos who fought valiantly alongside US soldiers in the last war.

Look also

U.S. Congress honors Filipino veterans of World War II
by Michael Bueza October 29, 2017 - with Video
US Congress awards the Congressional Gold Medal to more than 250,000 Filipino veterans in recognition of their service and sacrifice during World War II

Heritage general - authorities - etc. and Historical places - etc.

go to overview

The ICOMOS National Committee Philippines

ICOMOS is the official international organization of heritage conservation

Look also the Video:

Augusto Villalon: A History of ICOMOS and ICOMOS Philippines

Philippine Historical Association

Look also

The National Historical Institute - NHI, as an arm in the culture and development agenda of the government

The Filipinas Heritage Library

A wide range of reference materials on Philippine history, art, and culture

Pambansang Sinupan ng Pilipinas

NLP Building, T. M. Kalaw Street, Ermita, 1000 Manila

13 million Spanish documents

60 million cataloged public documents

Look RA 9470 - National Archives of the Philippines Act of 2007

and Discovering Philippines - Spanish Archives

Heritage Conservation Society Online database of built heritage resources in the Philippines

Many photos and informations of Heritage buildings & Landmarks

Look also the facebook HERE

Do you want to save a heritage house?
June 28, 2015
A non-profit organization called the Kapitbahayan sa Kalye Bautista atbp. Lugar, Inc. (KKB) has started a crowdfunding initiative to restore the historic Kasa Boix and transform it into a community center and creative space.
Cultural Heritage Cultural Heritage in Philippine Society

by/Aurora Roxas-Lim


Philippine Cultural Heritage Tour

Cebu Southeastern Cultural Heritage Tour September 13, 2009


An Educational Tour: A Heritage Trail to Southwest Cebu

Remark these are albums in the album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"

LOOK: Learn about Bangsamoro heritage through this village
by Amir Mawallil June 23, 2018

The ARMM is showcasing and promoting the region’s grandest mock tribal villages that showcase the variety of cultures, traditions, history and oneness of the Bangsamoro people.
The expo was opened to public on June 18 and will stay open until the end of December 2018

The Video- & Photostation with

Philippine Special Maps

About e.g.

Maps of Philippines - Historical from 1700 to 1965

Remark these are sub-albums in the album "Maps of Philippines"

Ibanag Heritage Foundation Inc. - IHFI


Religious and Beliefs

Programs, Projects and Activities

Baao - Camarines Sur

Historical and Cultural Society

The society has been established to promote research on the history and culture of the town of Baao, Camarines Sur, so as to preserve its rich historical and cultural heritage, and to cherish the memory and legacy of its illustrious people.

Philippine Heritage Watch Philippine Heritage Watch

Heritage mistakes and disasters so that the public may know

Cordillera Cultural Heritage

College Vice President, MPSPC
Council of Elders, Igorot Global Organization
Look it as pdf HERE or as Video

Look also the Videos:
Baguio City - Portrait Of A Hill Station


The Attul of Banghallan - Lagawe, Ifugao

The Home of the Early Terrace Builders in Ifugao
"The Early Terrace Builders became resilient with the demands of time... They have learned from the remnants of landslides and from every drop of soil that falls along the paddies of the fields"

Remark the videos are albums in the album "Cordillera Cultural Heritage"


‘Ang Misteryo ng Kamhantik,’ dokumentaryo ni Kara David (full episode)
Dec 8, 2016 - Aired: February 18, 2013
Isa sa pinakamataas na bundok sa Bondoc Peninsula ay ang Mt. Kamhantik ng Mulanay, Quezon. Ang pangalan ng bundok na ‘Kamhantik’ ay mula sa salitang ‘kampo ng hantik,’ hango sa mga naglalakihang hamtik na matatagpuan sa lugar. Ngunit nitong mga nagdaang taon ay may nadiskubreng misteryo sa lugar na sumasalamin sa kasaysayan ng lugar.

Look also the articles:
1,000-year-old village found in Philippines
The remains of a 1,000-year-old village have been discovered in the Philippines

Limestone tombs of Kamhantik

The peopling of the Philippines The peopling of the Philippines

by/Gaillard & Mallari

Culture of Ancient Filipinos The Culture of Ancient Filipinos

The Philippines Before Spain

Look also
The ancient society

"Ifugao Law" Heritage: The Ifugao Law (1919) - culture - traditions with many good photos
New Perspectives on the Manila Trade, c. 1640–1780
by Birgit Tremml-Werner

Manila's far-reaching connections based on the trade in saltpeter have received little attention in the entangled histories of the Indian Ocean and the China Seas.

The Fabulous Spanish Heritage of Tigbauan, Iloilo

Look also

Spanish Heritage in The Philippines

Many good informations and photos

Preserve our Heritage

Remark these are albums in the album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"

The Journey - Cebu Legacy - How It Came to Be!

These Videos contains the historical information of Cebu's favorite historical tourist spots.


Cebu prior to World War II

"Oh Cebu pagkatahum mo kaniadto"


Historical Photos from Cebu


Toledo City Heritage


Iloilo Heritage Sites

Iloilo: Promoting heritage through cultural identity

Iloilo is home to decades-old churches and Spanish-era houses, but a group of citizens passionate about heritage want to do more to promote the province’s cultural treasures.
To do that, heritage advocate Eugene Jamerlan says the campaign for cultural appreciation begins with instilling a sense of pride among locals. Uploaded on Nov 13, 2014
'Visi-Tour' along Iloilo City's historic sights
Jul 24, 2017

A local biking community hopes to promote cycling by holding 'Visi-Tours' - a tour-by-bike to the famed tourist spots of the city.

Look also the article:

Tour on two wheels: Seeing Iloilo City's historic sights by bike
by Katerina Francisco July 25, 2017
Why is Iloilo important in PH history?
For the second straight year, President Aquino chose to celebrate Independence day outside Metro Manila. Jun 11, 2015

Look also Panubli-on: The Iloilo Heritage

Boljoon Heritage

Look also Our Town: Boljoon

The defenses of Ilocos Norte's Currimao
by Bernard Joseph Esposo Guerrero August 08, 2016

The small town of Currimao keeps remains of its past as a fortified Spanish-period commercial complex that might be hard to match elsewhere in the country: from watchtowers, an almacen, to coral rock.

Picturesque Old Philippines
Buhay Pinoy Noon Collection of old pictures from black and white or color prints
Baliktanaw Baliktanaw - Filipino Past in Pictures

“BALAYAN", the name of an old town and of vast province Batangas in 1581, which has been figured out here as the center of the ancient country Mai-I


Artifacts, etc. that shed light into history and ancient customs
Philippine Artifacts Uploaded on Dec 26, 2011

Mga Yaman ng Guyangan Mar 18, 2014

Artifacts from ancient shipwreck Jul 21, 2015

Artifacts discovery might lead to lost tribe

Experts at the National Museum in the capital Manila are studying the burial urns from a tribe that lived in the Philippines over 2,000 years ago, in what could be a major archaeological discovery.

"The pottery has human faces that show emotions," Eusebio Dizon, head of the archaeological unit at the National Museum

Polished Stone Adzes from Ille Cave at El Nido, Palawan Island

by/Alfred F. Pawlik, University of the Philippines, ASP

Tabon Man

the oldest known fossil age of about 47,000 years remains of Homo sapiens in Southeast Asia — a portion of a human tibia — is from the Tabon Cave near Quezon, Palawan

The Tabon Man refers to a particular set of human remains, specifically of the species Homo sapiens - the “intelligent” or “modern” man – believed to be the first man in the Philippines.

The Code of Kalantiaw

LAPU LAPU - datu of Mactan

Documentary by Jay Taruc, I Witness Aired on 11 Jun 2012 GMA-7 - UPDATED 16 May 2018

For the first time in Philippine television, I-Witness will trace his roots. Documentarist Jay Taruc travels from Manila to Cebu in search of Lapu Lapu's identity, his culture, and his legacy that will put him in his rightful place in the annals of our Philippine history.

Remark this is an album in the album "Philippine History"

Look also HERE

Duterte to confer 'Order of Lapu-Lapu' on supporters of his advocacies
by Pia Ranada April 17, 2017

Executive Order Number 17 fulfills the President's campaign promise of elevating the stature of Bisaya heroes.



A Sojourn in Culture, History, Heritage etc. - Apr 15, 2015

Remark this is an album in the album "Calabarzon" in the album "Great places to visit"

Heritage Ancient Death, Funeral, Burial and the Dead

Look also below

go to overview

by: Michael Charleston B. Chua - Arts of the Philippines

The Mannungul Jar was found in the Tabon Cave in Palawan

Look the FULL article HERE

Look also HERE and the Videos

The cultural treasure "The Manunggul Jar"

found in the early 1960’s in Manunggul Cave - Tabon Cave, Lipuun Point, Palawan is a secondary burial jar. The upper portion of the jar, as well as the cover is incised with curvilinear scroll designs and painted with natural iron or hematite. On top of the jar cover or lid is a boat with two human figures representing two souls on a voyage to the afterlife. The boatman is seated behind a figure whose hands are crossed on the chest. The position of the hands is a traditional Filipino practice observed when arranging the corpse.


Pre-colonial limestone tombs discovered at Mt. Kamhantik, Quezon
Award-winning documentarist Kara David visits the excavation site in Quezon Province, Philippines. Aired February 18, 2013

Look also

1,000-year-old village found on a jungle-covered mountaintop near Mulanay town in Quezon province

Limestone tombs of Kamhantik

and the video Documentary of Mt. Kamhantik in Mulanay, Quezon

Ancient Philippine Burial Traditions and Qingbai Ceramics

Jan 19th, 2011 by Tip Writer

Burial Goods Burial Goods in the Philippines: An Attempt to Quantify Prestige Values


The Burial and Mourning Customs of Filipinos

(Mostly old - ancient)

Ancient human remains in Philippines reveal rare ritual burial 9000 years ago

A team of scientists have discovered the 9,000-year-old remains of a woman buried in a cave in El Nido, Palawan in the Philippines, which reveal evidence of an elaborate and bizarre ritual burial. About 9000 years ago, she was buried in an elaborate ritual that involves defleshing and separation of bones, crushing of the big bones and finally, cremation and burial. Published: 3 October, 2013

Look also HERE

Kabayan Mummy Burial Caves

located at the Municipality of Kabayan in Benguet, Mountain Province, is one of the recognized UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the Philippines.

The Kabayan Mummies are also known as Fire Mummies, Benguet Mummies and Ibaloi Mummies

Look also

Ancient Mummies Discovered In A Cave In The Philippines After 300 Years
By Clayton Aldrich

and ALL the Videos about The Kabayan Mummies


Death & Beauty in Old San Remigio, Cebu

Join Prof. Jojo Bersales as he rediscovers for the second time around, the culture of what has been the KARAANG KANGHAGAS or the town of SAN REMIGIO. San Remigio was formerly known as "Kanghagas", a kind of tree that grew abundant in the place.


Karaang Kanghagas o San Remigio - Know more about what was once Karaang Kanghagas and now known as San Remigio.

Remark this is an album in the album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"

Look also How ancient Visayans revered the dead - San Remigio - Cebu

By Trizer D. Mansueto - Inquirer Visayas

Look MUCH more about Cebu heritage HERE

Ancient Burials
Ancient graveyards in Philippines have the same belief with the Greeks on after-life.

In the eastern part of Bohol, Philippines, ancient graveyards can be found in barangay Basdio in the town of Guindulman.

The burial caves or graveyards have boat-shaped coffins.

The boat coffin was a funeral custom in ancient times. Usually a dead person was put into a coffin shaped like a boat. It was believed the dead would traverse the sea.

Traditional Burial Practices of Bontoc, Mt. Province

By: WAKIT, JORELYN October 27, 2012

Look the article as pdf HERE

Settlement and Burial Sites in Butuan City


Of all areas in the Philippines reported to have archaeological sites, Mindanao is the least explored and investigated. Although there were sporadic explorations and surveys conducted in and around Davao, Zamboanga and Sulu, and Cotabato, no proper investigation has ever been done in northern Mindanao until the discovery of the sites in Butuan


Ermita ruins, Honeycomb-shaped tombs - Dimiao Bohol:

The mystery of the empty honeycomb tombs of Bohol
4 November, 2013 - aprilholloway
In the municipality of Dimiao in the province of Bohol, Philippines, lies an eerie and perplexing image – rows and rows of honeycomb-like tombs. The site would not be so strange if it were not for one unusual fact – they are all empty.

Look also The catacombs of Dimiao
April 20, 2013

Look both articles in 1 pdf file HERE

Ermita ruins - Dimiao Bohol
Dec 14, 2015
Honeycomb-shaped tombs reveal mysterious mass grave
Oct 26, 2016
A town in Bohol is home to a cemetery with tombs grouped together like a honeycomb. But there's more to this mysterious resting place than just its unique shape.

Historical Churches and Cemeteries etc.

go to overview

Look the MANY historical churches

Look also

Heritage about Death, Funeral, Burial, Mourning, etc.

Our Heritage and the Departed:  Cemeteries - Etc.

THE OFFICIAL CALENDAR - An Almanac of Philippine Commemorations

The Electoral Almanac - the history of Philippine elections - Etc.

go to overview

of the Republic of the Philippines

An Almanac of Philippine Commemorations

For the past four years, the Presidential Communications Development and Strategic PlanningOffice (PCDSPO) has, as part of its mandate, led the preservation and curatorship of the institutional memory of the Philippine presidency; it has also stood at the forefront of sustaining interest and curiosity about the story of the Filipino people. The PCDSPO has achieved all this in so short a time by taking advantage of and continually improving upon the marriage of new technologies and standby resources-historical papers, photo collections, monographs and articles and textbooks.

The Philippine Electoral Almanac
This book traces the history of Philippine elections. Leading up to the present day, it explores the intricate relationship, in a democracy, between the President and Congress; analyzes the partnerships established between political parties and personalities; fleshes out the history of political coalitions; and details every Philippine national referendum held to date.

Look also HERE

History repeats itself: Senate had mace-chase almost 30 years ago
by Camille Elemia and Jee Geronimo July 25, 2018

In 1991, a controversial coup that sought to oust then Senate president Jovito Salonga triggered a childish mace-chase in the chamber.

Heritage of Fortifications

Look also above HERE

go to overview

Heritage Conservation Society Many photos and informations of ‘Fortifications’

Look also Spanish Colonial Fortifications of the Philippines

Fort Santiago, Manila

Fort Santiago has a savage history.

Look also HERE and a lot of photo of Fort Santiago HERE and the Video

Remark this is an album in the album "Intramuros & Manila During Spanish Time"


La Muralla de Manila - Spanish Colonial Era

The walls of Manila were built in the early 16th century and rebuilt over three centuries. It delimited the shape of the city, wider on the South and shortened on the North, where the fort of Santiago and the Pasig River were. It remained intact during several assaults from the English and Chinese pirates, but it was parcially destroyed during the shellings of World War II, leaving an empty shell until the mid sixties. Nowadays there're still remains left from which was the magnificent wall from the Pearl of the Orient.

Remark this is an album in the album "Intramuros & Manila During Spanish Time"

The Fortress and Church of Miagao

Santo Tomas de Villanueva Church

Look the article HERE - Look also the Video

The Fortress and Church of Miagao

Miagao Church by Ed Antonio

One of the four barouque churches in the Philippines is the Miagao Church or the Church of Santo Tomas de Villanueva declared as one of UNESCOs World Heritage Sites. It has an amazing structure that stood the test of time. Built in 1787 and later damaged by fire and earthquake and restored in the 1960s

Remark this is an album in the album "Historical Churches"

Zamboanga City's Fort Pilar

Real Fuerza de Nuestra Señora del Pilar de Zaragosa

a 17th century military defence fortress built by the Spanish colonial government in Zamboanga City

1635 - 2006

371 years of history and transformation.

Remark 3 pages with photos

Look also HERE and the Videos

Remark this is an album in the album "Zamboanga City & Peninsula - A Living Heritage" in the album "Tourism - Great Places to Visit"



Look the article as pdf HERE


Cebu fortresses and watch towers during the Spanish regime

Let us trace our history through the fortresses and watch towers that were built throughout the whole province of Cebu in defense against the pirates who tried to kidnap Cebuanos during the Spanish regime. This episode traces where these fortresses and watch towers are and see their current situation. Host: Archaeologist and Professor Jojo Bersales.

Remark this is an album in the sub-album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"

Baluarte, Lantawan or watchtower - made up of coral stones and built along the coastline of Oslob, Cebu.

Constructed in 1788, by Father Bermejo served as a lookout stations in detecting the coming of Moro pirate ships which helped Father Bermejo fought and won many wars.

Look also HERE and

400-year-old watch tower Baluarte of Luna in Barangay Victoria destroyed
by/Jun Elias, The Philippine Star - October 24, 2015

The history of Fort San Pedro in Cebu City

Look also A Romance with the Fort San Pedro and the Videos

Fort San Pedro in Cebu City

The smallest, oldest triangular bastion fort in the country was built in 1738 to repel Muslim raiders. Spanish conquistador, Miguel López de Legazpi was incharge of construction.
Visit at Fort San Pedro in Cebu City (July 1993)
© Egon & Rowina (Bebeth) Roenning, Denmark
Remark this is an album in the album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"

Fuerte de Santa Isabel, Taytay, Palawan

Cuyo Fort, Cuyo, Palawan

Cuyo was strategically located between the islands of Panay and the Palawan main land. The island served as a stepping stone that linked Palawan with the Visayas and Luzon. Cuyo’s strategic position within a transportation and trade route made it imperative that it be fortified.

Look the article HERE

Defence and fortification

The Philippines were considered to be a key part of the defence system of the Spanish Crown in the New World.

Corregidor - Then and Now





Cavite province fortifications

Fort Drum
(El Fraile Island), also known as the “concrete battleship” is a heavily fortified island fortress situated at the mouth of Manila Bay

Fort Drum History Including History of 59th CA

Look also the articles HERE, HERE, HERE

AND the Videos (updated July 15, 2018)

e.g. The Fort Drum expedition, etc.
Aug 11, 2016
Halina’t lapitan ang kasaysayang naiwan ng konkretong depensang pangdagat na El Fraile. Pasukin at alamin ang nakaraan nito sa tulong ng isang eksperto sa kasaysayan ng Pilipinas.

El Fraile - Surrender at Fort Drum. Documentary by Kara David Jun 17, 2013

Remark this is an album "El Fraile Island" in the album "Cavite province" in the album "Tourism - Great Places to Visit"
Corregidor Island e.g.:

Regent Seven Seas cruise director and adventurer Jamie Logan travels to this small but heavily fortified island which was the site of one of the great battles during WWII. Here American and Filipino forces held off the Imperial Japanese Navy which delayed their advance and saved Australia from invasion. See the incredible remains of this battle torn island!

Corregidor Island incl. a walkthrough of Malinta tunnel

and 1 video, Corregidor Island Historical Treasures with sign language (FSL, Filipino Sign Language ??)

Remark this is an album "Corregidor" in the album "Cavite province" in the album "Tourism - Great Places to Visit"

Look also

Corregidor Island, map - December 1941 and
Malinta Tunnel

look much more about Heritage of Corregidor HERE



Dipnaysupuan Japanese Tunnel mostly known as Batanes Tunnel

Little is known about the Batanes tunnels dug by Ivatan children during World War II. Jay Taruc meets Lolo Daniel and Lolo Luis, two surviving tunnel diggers who recounted their experiences during the Japanese occupation in Batan Island. It’s a 5-door World War II tunnel which was built by the Japanese to provide shelter for their soldiers. It is located in the mountain of Tukon. Apr 22, 2014

Remark this is an album in the album "Batanes" in the album "Tourism - Great Places to Visit"

Look also about Province of Batanes HERE and HERE

The Bonifacio War Tunnel
February 3, 2014 by Defense News Daily PH

The 1910 Fort Bonifacio War Memorial Tunnel is a tunnel in Bonifacio Global City, a district of Metro Manila. It is considered to be a historical site by the Bases Conversion Development Authority. It is situated at the property of former military base Fort Bonifacio and now called Bonifacio Global City. It has since become hidden underneath the streets that traverse C-5 and Kalayaan Avenue.

Look also HERE AND the Videos - Remark this is an album in the album "Metro Manila Tourist Attractions" in the album "Tourism - Great Places to Visit"


Japanese war tunnel in Ilagan, Isabela

Ilagan City has opened its latest tourist destination to the public which lets visitors travel back to the Japanese period. Feb 17, 2016

Remark this is an album in the album "Isabela: Queen Province of the Philippines" in the album "Great Places to Visit"


Mount Isarog - a potentially active stratovolcano
'Yaman ng Isarog,' a documentary by Kara David (with subtitles)
Nov 9, 2016
This video entitled ‘Yaman ng Isarog’ features ‘the role of Mt. Isarog during the Japanese Occupation in the Philippines.’

Remark this is an album in the album "Volcanoes and WARNINGS about erupts"

Look also HERE

Remedios Gomez Paraiso
From Beauty Queen to Rebel Hero: How Remedios Gomez-Paraiso Came To Be
She was the town’s darling, the daughter of the then mayor of Mexico, Pampanga. She was a normal girl makeup, perfumes, dress-making, and dancing piqued her interest. She was also a title-holder. But on March 2, 1942, makeup turned into guns, dancing turned into fighting, and the beauty queen gained yet a new title: Kumander Liwayway.
Remedios Gomez-Paraiso, also known as the Philippines’ Joan of Arc, was a force to be reckoned with as she promised to avenge the death of her father against the hands of the foreign invaders. This sparked the flame in her heart and later on, she decided to join Hukbalahap or Hukbong Laban Sa Hapon.
She died in 2014, at age 95.

Look also

Kumander Liwayway
The commander who wore lipstick to war

Liwayway: Warrior who wore lipstick in gun battles
By: Tonette Orejas - Inquirer Central Luzon May 17, 2014

the Video: Kumander Liwayway
A short film about the life of Remedios Gomez Paraiso.


Who was the true hero behind the salvation of Vigan from reduced to ashes, WWII?
"Pag-ibig sa Panahon ng Digmaan"
dokumentaryo ni Sandra Aguinaldo
May 4, 2016 with English subtitles

Noong panahon ng digmaan, pag-ibig ang itinuturong dahilan ng pagkakaligtas ng Vigan mula sa matinding pagkawasak."

Look also HERE

Culion’s remodelled fortress - church

Look also Culion Fort - Culion, Palawan

The Citadel of Oslob
Muog Muog: Spanish Colonial Fortifications in the Philippines

Watchtowers of Ilocos and La Union
Fort Pikit, Pikit, Cotabato
Tanuan Fortification, Tanuan, Leyte
Hilongos Fortification, Hilongos, Leyte
Catbalogan Fortification, Catbalogan, Samar
Capul Fortification, Capul Island, Samar
Palapag Fortification, Palapag, Samar
Dauis Fortification, Dauis, Panglao Island, Bohol
Dimiao Fortification, Dimiao, Bohol
Loboc Fort, Loboc, Bohol

From 1565 to 1898, fortifications large and small, varied in design and purpose were built to protect the Spanish colony, the Philippines. Fortifications, known as fuerza or fuerte were bastioned fortifications. Those known as baluarte, torre, bantayan or tanawan were watchtowers that surveyed the land and the surrounding seas. These towers, too numerous to count, served as a warning system to signal the approach of hostile vessels. Together the bastioned fort and watchtower contributed to the sense of safety of the local inhabitants. Guardians of peace and stability the fortifications built the safe space where communities could strive forward.

Ancient Goldworking & Treasures

Look also about "the great Sri Vishaya" below HERE and the article "The 'golden' age of the Philippines, rediscovered"
by/Rome Jorge September 05, 2015

go to overview

Anthropological reflection on Philippine masks

Visayan burial masks

Gold death mask found in Plaza Independencia
he Heritage of Cebu

Bisayans who could afford would cover their deads eyes, nose and mouth with gold so that they would be welcomed well in the next world.

Look also HERE

Look also the below video


Was gold really present in Cebu during the Pre-Spanish Era? Together let us answer this question through this episode of Kabilin entitled BULAWANONG SUGBO.

Remark 3 video in the album



In 1981, Berto Morales, a farmer employed as a bulldozer operator in an irrigation project in Surigao struck gold. He discovered a treasure trove of gold ornaments while bringing down a hill to collect filling materials. The discovery, hitherto unknown to the public, is among the largest collection of Philippine archaeological gold in the country as well as in the rest of the world.

Look the full description of the videos HERE


Ancient Visayan Goldworking

The many different kinds of large and small beads, all of what they call filigree work here.. is clear evidence that they did careful, delicate and beautiful work even better in their antiquity than now since all the ancient gold work is of higher gold content and craftsmanship than what is being made now... [like the kamagi], a piece of jewelry of greater value and curiosity than could be expected of a people apparently so crude and uncivilized (Alcina 1668a, 3:121). As Alcina said century later, "One who knows how to make them today is hard to find." Source: Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Philippine Culture and Society by William Henry Scott



Philippine Treasures, a special documentary about some of the country's historical artifacts, most important relics from the Philippines' literally rich pre-colonial past and many others. The documentary is hosted by Ms. Mel Tiangco with reporting by Mariz Umali, Cesar Apolinario, Tina Panganiban-Perez, and John Consulta.


Forgotten Philippines: Gold of Ancestors part 1, 2 & 3 Gold found in the Sitio Magruyong site sheds a light on the important relationship between Southeast Asian Srivijayan empire and the Philippines


Philippines Most Stunning Archaeological Discoveries
Nov 30, 2016

7. Bolinao Skull
6. Callao Man
5. Manungul Jar
4. Oton Mask
3. Golden Tera
2. Laguna Copper Plate Inscription
1. San Diego Astrolabe


Ang lihim ng Tara sa Agusan del Sur
Apr 2, 2018

Taong 1917 nang natagpuan sa Agusan del Sur ang Golden Tara na tinatayang milyon ang halaga. Pero kamakailan lang, isang mas malaking tara ang natagpuan naman sa isang kuweba sa Mindanao pa rin. Saan nagmula ang mga rebultong ito?


Treasures of Forgotten Kingdoms Exhibit
Nov 15, 2015

During opening weekend I visited the Asia Society Museum in NYC to see for myself the wonderful gold artifacts from the Philippines that depict our rich heritage and precolonial history prior to the arrival of the Spaniards.

The Golden Tara of Agusan

is a 21-carat golden figurine of the Hindu-Buddhist goddess named "Tara" of the Mahayana branch of Buddhism. Sitting cross-legged, it measures over 5 inches tall, and weighs nearly 4 pounds. It has a richly-adorned headdress and many ornaments on its arms and other parts of its body. The religious statuette was stumbled on by a woman of the Manobo tribe, jutting out from the muddy banks of the Wawa River in Esperanza, Agusan del Sur, after a storm and flood during 1917.

The image corroborates a single cultural sphere that developed in the archipelagic regions of Southeast Asia during the height of trade between Butuan and the rest of the Sri Vijaya Empire.

Look more about the Golden Tara in the above videoalbum

Look also HERE

Laguna Copperplate

The Laguna Copperplate Inscription, short LCI, was discovered in 1989 by Alfredo E. Evangelista a sand laborer working on Lumbang River near the outlet to Laguna de Bay found a plate in Barangay Wawa, Lumban, in the Laguna province. The Laguna Copperplate Inscription (also shortened to LCI) is the earliest known written document found in the Philippines.

Look also the Video and about Tondo

which is one of the oldest historically documented settlements in the Philippines. Scholars generally agree that it was mentioned in the Laguna Copperplate Inscription

 History of the Philippines

Remark most of the videos in these sections are albums in "Filipinos & the Philippines, Provinces, Cities, Etc. during old times and then" or the album "Philippine History"

IMPORTANT look also the sections - etc.

Martial Law and The People Power Revolution, the EDSA Revolutions and The writ of habeas corpus restored

EDSA People Power II, January 16 to 20, 2001

The rise and fall – and rise – of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

Massacres - historical and 1968 - ???

Ancient Dynasties - Kingdoms and Sultanates of Pre-Colonial Philippines

The Spanish Era


Historical Laws

Languages: History & Heritage, Evolution, "Dead", Endangered

go to main overview

The album with

Maps of Philippines, islands, Cities - Municipalities & Barangays - Etc.

e.g. Maps of Philippines - Historical from 1700 to 1965

Remark this is an album "Maps of Philippines" in the album "A paradise of 7107 islands"

David Rumsey Map Collection

Slowly to load, but...

So many good old historical maps etc. of Philippines

National Museum of Natural History to open on May 18, 2018
May 03, 2018

The museum will open just in time for International Museum Day

Look also

IN PHOTOS: A preview of the National Museum of Natural History

Special - Issue: Culture - Customs - Traditions e.g.

The Philippines Then and Now

History of the Philippines

Look also

Timeline of History of the Philippines

History of the Philippines (Before 1521)

Philippine Progress Prior to 1898

By Austin Craig and Conrado Benitez

A Source Book of Philippine History
To Supply a Fairer View of Filipino Participation and Supplement the Defective Spanish Accounts

A History of the Philippines, David P. Barrows

One of the best full articles from ancient time to 1905 with many old maps, illustrations and photos

Look the article as pdf HERE

The What, How and Why of Philippine History

Look as pdf HERE

Society of Saint Pius X - District of Asia SSPX

A short Philippine History before the 1898 Revolution

Look the History article HERE

1493-1898 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS 1493-1898
"A glimpse through history"

Ancient and pre-Spanish Era
Pre-Spanish influence, modern day
Magellan and the Spanish influence
Americas first entanglement
The Japanese and WWII years
Americas final rule
Early Independence Period
The Marcos Era
The Aquino Years and Beyond

Look also "100 significant events in Philippine history"

The First “Filipinos”


a Filipino term meaning “nobility” or “aristocracy”. Its etymology is rooted from the Sanskrit maharddhika which means “a man of wealth, knowledge, and ability”. During ancient times in the Philippines, the word maharlika referred to the nobility class in Philippine society who are also known to be warriors.

Early filipino in the pre-hispanic period

Filipino beliefs and practices before the arrival of the Spaniards.

Or look as pdf HERE or as Video

Remark this is an album in the album "Philippine History"

Pre colonial-period
by Janina Demetria, Apprentice at Tomasian Cable Television (TOMCAT)
a look into our past settings, customs, practices and culture
Philippine History, Pre-Colonial Period

Economic Life

Or look as pdf HERE or as Video

The British Conquest of Manila
On October 6, 1762, the city of Manila was conquered by the British, starting a two year period of British rule. At around 4:00 a.m., under the cover of artillery fire, Colonel William Draper and his men entered Manila. This was the first time the Spaniards had been ousted from their Asian colony by a foreign power.
The conflict between the European powers during the period of 1756–1763 spilled over to their colonies in Asia. One of the outcomes was a two-year period of British control over the Philippine Islands.

Look in full size the map "The Attack of Manila, october 1792" and the poster "British-occupation"

The Filipino Woman in Pre-Hispanic Times

Look also:

La Mujer Indigena - The Native Woman - A description of the Filipino Woman during Pre-Spanish Time
by Lorna S. Torralba Titgemeyer
Pre-Hispanic Marriage Customs

Revisiting the Basi Revolt of 1807:
Its Historical and Axiological Relevance
by/Jayson L. Antonio and Celerino F. Ancheta

The Basi Revolt also known as the Ambaristo Revolt, broke out in Piddig, Ilocos Norte, arising from the Spanish rulers' banning of the private manufacture of the local wine called "basi".

As Ilocanos were forced to buy from government stores, wine-loving Ilocanos, led by Salarogo Ambaristo and Pedro Mateo, rose in revolt, which later spread to nearby towns.

Spanish troops eventually quelled the revolt on September 28, 1807.

Look also the video Basi Festival (Piddig) about the revolt.

Capital punishment in the Philippines

has a varied history and was suspended on June 24, 2006 - the second time since 1987.
Filipinos have mixed opinions about the death penalty, with many opposing it on religious and humanitarian grounds, while advocates see it as a way of deterring crimes.

Look MUCH more HERE

Philippine Revolution (English), read about it in Tagalog: Himagsikang Pilipino


Things to know about Filipino Heroes
The unsung heroes who fought for Philippine independence
June 12, 2017
It’s high time we recognize some of the lesser-known Filipino heroes who fought for our sovereign nation.
Aside from the well-known heroes Rizal, Bonifacio, Jacinto, and Mabini, there are countless other Filipinos who bravely stood in the face of death in the name of the country. Here are just a few of them.
Jose Rizal - His life and His works

Look as pdf HERE

Look also Jose Rizal Shrine and Museum and Jose Rizal and His Lovers

Reading, understanding, and appreciating Rizal
by Jorge Mojarro June 24, 2018
Admiring Rizal without understanding him is a kind of empty nationalism and blind devotion

and the Videos

Jose Rizal´s life, work, writing

Jose Rizal (full name: José Protacio Mercado Rizal Alonso y Realonda) (June 19, 1861 - December 30, 1896) He is considered a national hero and the anniversary of Rizal's death is commemorated as a Philippine holiday called Rizal Day.
Historical reactions to the publication of Rizal's two novels - Philippine - Spain 100 Years Ago
Love Story of Jose P Rizal - Girlfriends - Women in Rizal's Life
Rizal, The Mason
Oct 10, 2012 by/Honeylane Lim for education - Look also HERE and below HERE

Look more HERE and about Rizal Day

The Irish connection: Josephine Bracken and Jose Rizal
by Vising B. Kennedy, Roots & Wings November 03, 2016

Where and when did Josephine Bracken arrive from Ireland to the Philippines? How did fate bring them together?

Look also

Rizal's life in Germany revisited through new map
by Carol Ramoran June 19, 2017
The Philippine embassy in Germany launches an illustrated map retracing Jose Rizal's adventures in the European country.

The Execution of Dr. Jose Rizal
by/Riz del Rio Feb 22, 2012
A few minutes before seven on the morning of December 30, Dr. Jose Rizal walked from Fort Santiago to Bagumbayan Field (now the Luneta). His arms were tied behind his back. “His head was erect, his conscience was clear, and there was a smile on his lips.” Beside him walked Lt. Luis de Andrade, who had defended him in the trial, Fathers Vilaclara and March. Before and behind him were soldiers.
Look it as pdf HERE

look also Rizal's execution: Little known facts
By Raymund Catindig Updated December 29, 2010

and the Video:

Virtual reality history at the Ayala Museum
August 10, 2017
How did the big idea of Jose Rizal's execution in virtual reality evolve? How is technology changing the way curators present art and culture?


Rizal's execution and the revolution
Dec 29, 2014 by/Malu Maniquis
The LOST FOOTAGE of Jose Rizal execution in 1896
Jul 3, 2013
Jose Rizal Shrine and Museum
Calamba Laguna

Look also HERE, HERE and the Videos

Remark this is an album in the album "Jose Rizal´s life, Novels & Women in Rizal's Life" in the album "Philippine History"


Bust of Jose Rizal unveiled in Prague
June 27, 2018
Rizal’s bust was created by Filipino sculptor Jose Giroy, apprentice of National Artist Napoleon V. Abueva

This manga is about our very own Jose Rizal
June 19, 2018
Jose Rizal spent over 6 weeks in Japan on his way to Europe in 1888 – enough time for the Philippine hero to learn the local language and reportedly romance a local.
Manga is a distinct style of comics that originated in Japan. The series is published by TORICO, CCC.


Unsung female patriots during the Philippine revolution

Both Marcela Marcelo and Trinidad Tecson are unsung heroes of the Philippine revolution. Despite monuments built in their name, their contributions remain unknown to many. Nov 27, 2014

Republic of Biak-na-Bato

officially referred to in its constitution as the Republic of the Philippines, was the first republic ever declared in the Philippines by the revolutionary Emilio Aguinaldo and his fellow members of the Katipunan. Despite its successes, including the establishment of the Philippines' first ever constitution, the republic lasted just over a month.

The life and legacy of Apolinario Mabini

Apolinario Mabini y Maranan (July 23, 1864 - May 13, 1903) was a Filipino revolutionary and lawyer who served as its first prime minister until May 1899. In Philippine history texts, he is often referred to as "the Sublime Paralytic", and as "the Brains of the Revolution."

Look also HERE, HERE, HERE and "Understanding Apolinario Mabini’s role in the Philippine Revolution" HERE


Life and Struggles of Andres Bonifacio

Look descriptions with English subtitles on the videos. All Jul 8 - Jul 28, 2016 by Malu Maniquis

Look also Bonifacio Day


1896 Mga Unang araw ng Rebolusyon

The Revolution was actually planned months earlier. However, Aguinaldo, et al were against it and wanted to consult first Dr. Rizal in Dapitan. The 2 months delay led to the uncovering of the secret society. 500 members of KKK, La Solidaridad and La Liga Filipina were arrested, includng brothers Antonio and Juan Luna. Before further arrests, Bonifacio and the Supreme Council decided to launch the revolution. Aug 24, 2015 by/Malu Maniquis


HENERAL LUNA, The Movie (Edited for Educational Viewing)
For additional and amazing information about Antonio Luna and about the movie itself, follow the link: HERE


General Luna - full movie
Published on Feb 1, 2018

Rare letter details Juan Luna’s life in prison
March 09, 2018

Read the artist's letter in full here


Ang Huling Heneral, Simeon Ola
Jan 6, 2017 with English subtitles

Hindi lang ang mabagsik na si Heneral Antonio Luna ang ayaw sumuko sa puwersang Amerikano isang siglo na ang nakalilipas. Sa Bicol, may isang heneral na hindi nagpadaig sa mga mananakop. Hindi siya sumuko sa kabila ng sunod-sunod na pagtiklop ng mga rebolusyonaryong Pilipino. Matagal siyang “wanted” ng mga Amerikano. Mahirap mahuli, madaling maglaho. Siya si Heneral Simeon Ola.


Emilio Aguinaldo in the Filipino-American War

A short documentary, a HIGH SCHOOL VIDEO PROJECT, not a nationally-shown documentary on Emilio Aguinaldo, a leader in the Philippines during the Filipino-American War, also known as the Filipino Insurrection.

Aguinaldo Museum

The larger-than-life size statue of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo and the museum beside it is an interesting Baguio landmark which could be found at the upper end of Gen. Luna Road in a vicinity referred to by local residents as Jungletown.

Look also the Videos

President Emilio Aguinaldo Shrine , Kawit, Cavite, Philippines
Secret doors, passageways, hiding places at the Aguinaldo Shrine
Jun 12 - 13, 2013
Tourdroid: An Augmented Interactive Tour Guide for the Emilio Aguinaldo Museum Using Android Devices

Why Cavite officials swear before this cross
by Miriam Grace A. Go June 28, 2016

General Emilio Aguinaldo also took his oath of office as president of the revolutionary government on March 23, 1897 before the Santa Cruz de Malabon.
The room was in a convent in Tanza. The convent is now officially called the Panumpaang Bayan (Oath Taking Hall), and will soon officially become a shrine.

Imprinting Andres Bonifacio:

The Iconization from Portrait to Peso

The face of the Philippine revolution is evasive, just like the freedom that eluded the man known as its leader.


Martyrdom of Andres Bonifacio

On May 10, 1897, our revolutionary hero, Andres Bonifacio and his brother, Procopio, were unjustly and brutally killed by the Magdalo faction. May 10, 2013

How Andres and Procopio Bonifacio were executed

May 10 is a significant date in Philippine History. This was the day our greatest hero Andres Bonifacio was executed by traitors to the revolutionary movement. May 10, 2015

Both videos by/Malu Maniquis

Macario Sakay y de León

was a Filipino general who took part in the 1896 Philippine Revolution against the Spanish Empire and in the Philippine-American War. After the war was declared over by the United States in 1902, Sakay continued resistance and the following year became President of the Republic of Katagalugan

Look the Biography and also HERE and the Video:

'Ang Huling Katipunero: Macario Sakay'

The Katipunan and Masonry

Look also above Rizal, The Mason and HERE and the Video:

How FreeMasonry influenced the fight for Filipino Independence

When did the Philippines have a revolutionary government?
by Sofia Tomacruz November 25, 2017

It's only happened twice in the country's history

Look also

RevGov will destroy democratic and economic gains
by Ronald U. Mendoza, Michael H. Yusingco and Miann Banaag November 26, 2017
RevGov is not the cure for what ails our democracy

Isabelo de los Reyes
July 7, 1864 - October 10, 1938

You know labor unions, but do you know Isabelo de los Reyes?
by Frank Cimatu May 01, 2017
The writer, labor activist, Aglipayan church founder, and politician from Vigan, Ilocos Sur, started the tradition of honoring the workers every May 1.
He might as well be the Father of Anthropology and Indigenous Studies in the country. He introduced Marxism to the Philippines. He was jailed among the anarchists in Europe. He fought the Catholic church by helping establish another.

Look also HERE

PADUGO Padugo By/Veredigno Atienza

This article is about General Anacleto Enriquez, one of the founders of the Katipunan in Bulakan. He fought in the Philippine Revolution of 1896 against the Spanish colonial authorities. He and his men died in the bloodiest battle of the Philippine Revolution in the town of San Rafael, Bulacan. His life is a saga of exceptional courage and generosity.


Remark these are albums in the album "Religious beliefs - etc. outside the Roman Catholic Church"


The Revolutionary & Filipino Church 1 sub-album (part 1 - 9)


From the Municipality of Pilar, Bantayan Island to Metro Cebu, know more about Iglesia Filipina Independiente.


KKK Movement, Revolutionaries and Philippine Independent Church


Look more about Philippine Independent Church




by/W. Cameron Forbes 1928, The Philippine Islands

SPAIN is one of those countries in which the division between the Church and the State is not clearly defined, and in which the Church has much too generally dominated the State. In the Philippine Islands this was the case to a marked degree.


Spanish American War In the Philippines
Luzon At War

Introduction to Milagros C. Guerrero’s book, Luzon At War: Contradictions in Philippine Society, 1898-1902


Forgotten Filipinos - The Filipino genocide

Photos of the American conquest of the Philippines, an episode also referred to as the Filipino Genocide. Soundtrack: Campanades a morts, by Lluís Llach.

Look the full description of the video HERE
The rape of the Philippines
Kampana ng Balangiga
Bells of Balangiga
by The Committee to return the Bells Apr 4, 2015
A short documentary about the epic quest of Balangiga.
History of US in the PHIL
Excerpts from Part 5 of Buhay at Pakikibaka ni Andres Bonifacio docufilm of Komiteng Bonifacio. This is the reason why Bonifacio's dream of a truly free an sovereign nation must be fulfilled by the present generation. It is our task. Narrated by Carol Araullo and Vencer Crisostomo. Chris Pforr as Pres. McKinley and John Gianvito as Sen. George Hoar. Jun 2, 2015 by/Malu Maniquis

Look also the articles:

by E. San Juan, Jr.
Polytechnic University of the Philippines
Except during the sixties when the Filipino-American War of 1899-1902 was referred to as " the first Vietnam, " the death of 1.4 million Filipinos has been usually accounted for as either collateral damage or victims of insurrection against the imperial authority of the United States. The first Filipino scholar to make a thorough documentation of the carnage is the late Luzviminda Francisco in her contribution to The Philippines: The End of An Illusion (London, 1973).

The Balangiga massacre

as it is known in the Philippines, or the Balangiga affair, as it is known in the United States, was an incident in 1901 during the Philippine-American War where more than forty American soldiers were killed in a surprise guerrilla attack in the town of Balangiga on Samar island.

FAST FACTS: Balangiga Massacre
by Alex Evangelista September 28, 2018
The Balangiga Massacre of September 28, 1901, is considered as one of the bloodiest events during the Philippine-American war

Philippine-American War, 1899-1902
by Arnaldo Dumindin
CASUALTIES, February 4, 1899 - July 4, 1902:
Filipinos : 20,000 soldiers killed in action; 200,000 civilians died
Americans : 4,390 dead (1,053 killed in action; 3,337 other deaths)

The War Rages: Creation of Macabebe Scouts, September - October 1899
by Arnaldo Dumindin - Look also HERE


Balangiga bells UPDATED Dec 08, 2018

General Malvar Museum and Library
Miguel Malvar was the last Philippine general to surrender to the Americans at the close of the Filipino-American War.
Address Sto. Tomas, Batangas
Museum Schedule Tuesday to Sunday, 8:00 am to 4:30 pm

Look also the Video

Take a tour inside 'Museo ni Malvar'
A museum featuring the life and heroism of General Miguel Malvar in Batangas. Jul 13, 2015

Philippine Scouts
was a military organization of the United States Army from 1901 until the end of World War II. Made up of Filipino-Americans assigned to the United States Army Philippine Department, these troops were generally enlisted and under the command of White-American officers, however, a handful of Filipino Americans received commissions from the United States Military Academy. Philippine Scout units were given a suffix of (PS), to distinguish them from other U.S. Army units.

Look also
Philippine Scouts Heritage Society

Cultural Changes during the American Period

What we used to do
What we didn’t do before
The bad influences

or look it as Video


(1860-1946) Maker of the Filipino National Flag Enshrined in Philippine history as the maker of the Filipino flag

The Commonwealth of the Philippines

also known simply as the Commonwealth and as the Philippine Commonwealth, was the political designation of the Philippines from 1935 to 1946 when the country was a commonwealth with the United States

Sakdalista The Sakdalista

(coming from the Tagalog word sakdal, meaning "to accuse") movement was founded in 1930 by Franc Josef "Ace" Templo Bautista and a right wing leader, Benigno Ramos, a writer and discontented former government clerk. Sakdal began as a fortnightly populist tabloid, with articles tackling issues which were of interest to the Philippine masses: corruption and mismanagement under the American-sponsored Nacionalista administration, immediate independence for the Philippines, and the land reform problem. Its radical populist stance on such issues won it a large following in the Manila hinterland, such that by 1933, subscribers of the newspaper met in a convention in Manila to form the Sakdal Party. They did unexpectedly well in the Philippine election of 1934, although still unable to pose a challenge to Nacionalista dominance

LOOK BACK: 75th anniversary of the Philippine Executive Commission - PEC
January 23, 2017
During the Japanese occupation, the Philippine Executive Commission was established, with Jorge Vargas as its first chairman.
The PEC formally abolished all political parties on December 8, 1942, by virtue of Proclamation No. 109 creating the "Kapisanan sa Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas" (Association for Service to the New Philippines) or better known then as the "KALIBAPI."

Look also HERE

The Kapisanan ng Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas (lit. Association for Service to the New Philippines) or KALIBAPI, was a Filipino political party that served as the sole party of state during the Japanese occupation. It was intended to be a Filipino version of Japan's governing Taisei Yokusankai party.
Japan’s discomfort with history and the PH dilemma
by Lucio Blanco Pitlo III December 30, 2017

Japan should just allow the Filipinos the liberty to commemorate their history the way they want to, while it continues to do some soul-searching on how to come to terms with its own past

Look - read all the links in the article!

and also

‘Comfort women’ and history
By DAN STEINBOCK, January 15, 2018

the Videos in the album 'Comfort Women':

On Independence Day, various groups honor Filipino comfort women
Jun 12, 2018
To honor and remember the Filipino women abused by Japanese soldiers during the Second World War, various groups who campaigned for the reinstallation of the ‘Comfort Woman’ statue along Roxas Boulevard held a ceremony for the victims on Tuesday, Independence Day.

'Ang Lihim ni Lola,' a documentary by Howie Severino
Aug 11, 2015
Iloilo's last surviving comfort woman is 94-year-old Lourdes Divinagracia. For more than 70 years, she kept one little secret that she's now finally ready to reveal.


"Comfort Women" One Last Cry - Philippino Comfort Women Story
Apr 17, 2013


Lola Fidencia David, a Filipino 'Comfort Woman,' Recounts Ordeal Under the Japanese
Oct 22, 2013
Lola Fidencia David was 14-years old when "the Japanese army occupied her town . . . captured, repeatedly raped, and forced to clean the garrison camp". Look also the story HERE

Statue of a comfort woman
by Paterno Esmaquel II December 26, 2017

"Comfort women" refer to those turned by the Japanese military into sex slaves during World War II.

Look - read all the links in the article! and also

IN PHOTOS: Groups seek return of comfort woman statue
June 12, 2018
On Independence Day, #Flowers4Lolas reiterate demands for the reinstallation of the statue that 'gives a face to victims of war and militarization' and for the Philippine government 'to uphold the truth in our history'

Duterte on comfort woman statue: 'You can place it somewhere else'
April 29, 2018
'It is not the policy of government to antagonize other nations,' says the President who repeatedly slams the US and the EU over a host of issues

the Videos in the album 'Comfort Women':

Gabriela to file House resolution to investigate removal of comfort woman statue
Published on May 9, 2018
According to Lila Filipina's incoming Executive Director Sharon Silva, the Gabriela Women’s party list will file a House resolution to investigate the removal of the comfort woman statue in Roxas, Boulevard. However, the Manila City Administrator Jojo Alcovendaz explained that the removal was done to give way to a flood control project of the DPWH.
Removal of statue an 'insult' to Filipino 'comfort women'
Apr 29, 2018
Taking down a statue depicting a 'comfort woman' along Roxas Boulevard is an insult to the Filipina sex slaves victimized under the Japanese occupation, a lawyer said Sunday.
Duterte on comfort woman statue: Not policy to antagonize other nations
Apr 29, 2018
President Rodrigo Duterte on Sunday said he did not have any hand in the removal of the statue of a comfort woman on Roxas Boulevard in Manila on Saturday but hinted that he favored it.
'Comfort woman' statue, dadaan sa design revision
30 April, 2018
Dinepensahan ni Pangulong Rodrigo Duterte ang pagtanggal ng 'comfort woman' statue sa Roxas Boulevard. Ayon naman sa lumikha nito, dadaan sa design revision ang istatwa pero hindi pa tiyak kung saan ililipat ito. I-Bandila mo, April Rafales.

and the articles:

Japan ties at stake over comfort woman statue
by Paterno Esmaquel II January 13, 2018 - with Video
'You can't strengthen your relationship long term if you keep bringing up things that you think are settled,' Foreign Secretary Alan Peter Cayetano says.

Duterte won't act on comfort woman statue
by Pia Ranada January 11, 2018
Malacañang says it does not regard the controversial statue as a 'diplomatic issue' and expresses confidence that bilateral ties between the Philippines and Japan will 'become even stronger' despite it.


This is the Philippines, about 1936 +

Shows scenes at Santo Tomas University, Filipino military cadets in training, the Supreme Court, President Manuel Quezon, children on church, Moro tribesmen on Mindanao, General Pershing and General MacArthur, etc. Nov 10, 2015 by GovPH


4 albums in the album "Historic speech circa 1920 & 4 July 1946 Proclamation of Independence"
MANUEL LUIS QUEZON - Speech broadcast to the Filipino People circa 1920


Look the full description of the video HERE

A Nation is Born The title says all - Jul 3, 2013 by GovPH
1946 Philippine Proclamation of Independence
1946 Ceremony Independence Day
Look also the article "Sovereignty of the Philippines" HERE

Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina

(August 19, 1878 – August 1, 1944) served as president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944. He was the first Filipino to head a government of the Philippines (as opposed to other historical states). Quezón is considered by most Filipinos to have been the second president of the Philippines, after Emilio Aguinaldo (1897–1901).

Quezón was the first Senate president elected to the presidency, the first president elected through a national election, and the first incumbent to secure re-election (for a partial second term, later extended, due to amendments to the 1935 Constitution). He is known as the "Father of the National Language".

Look also the Video

President Manuel L. Quezon - Pangulong Manuel L. Quezon

 Visit the Quezon Memorial Shrine and Museum

The Third Republic of the Philippines
was inaugurated on July 4, 1946. It marked the culmination of the peaceful campaign for Philippine Independence - the two landmarks of which were the enactment of the Jones Law in 1916 (in which the U.S. Congress pledged independence for the Philippines once Filipinos have proven their capability for self-government) and the Philippine Independence Act of 1934 (popularly known as Tydings-McDuffie) which put in place a ten-year transition period during which the Philippines had Commonwealth status.

Look also HERE and the Videos One of the videos can be look as pdf HERE or as ppt HERE

Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos, Sr.

(September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989)

was a Filipino politician and kleptocrat, who was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. He ruled as dictator under martial law from 1972 until 1981. While his regime started an unprecedented number of infrastructure projects and monuments (known colloquially as an "edifice complex" and at great taxpayer cost), it also became infamous for its corruption, extravagance and brutality.

Look also

U.P. history department slams president's attendance at Marcos event
August 31, 2018
The Department of History says the UP President's appearance at the event is an insult to the memory of those who risked their lives to fight martial law.

AGAIN "AboutPhilippines" may ask:
Is Duterte "a Marcos lapdog"

and MUCH more and many videos  here:

Ferdinand E. E. Marcos, Sr. - President, Dictator, Martial Law, Burial, Etc.


The Presidents of the Philippines - From Aguinaldo to Arroyo

Emilio Aguinaldo was president of the short-lived Malolos Republic between 1899 and 1901. Although the republic never received foreign recognition, Filipinos consider Aguinaldo to be their first president.

Look more about the videos HERE
Life under Marcos: A fact-check

Was the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos the Philippines' greatest president ever, as his supporters claim? Separating fact from fiction, here was life under the Marcos regime. Sep 21, 2014 by/ABS-CBN News

Remark this is an album in the album "Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos, Sr. - President, Dictator, Martial Law, Burial, Etc" in the album "Philippine History

Look MUCH more and many videos  here:

Ferdinand E. E. Marcos, Sr. - President, Dictator, Martial Law, Burial, Etc.
Look also below HERE and the article

List of Presidents


Fiesta en Malacañán
by fonsucu Jun 12, 2018

Images: Fiestas in Malacañan given by different presidents.
Song: Fiesta by Los Valldemosa.

LIST: Who's been granted amnesty?
by Alex Evangelista September 04, 2018

Take your pick: Administration allies Senator Gringo Honasan, MMDA boss Danilo Lim, and former customs chief Nicanor Faeldon were among those granted amnesty by previous presidents.
Previous Philippine presidents have used their power to grant amnesty to persons and groups “who may be guilty of political offenses,” often to facilitate peace processes or entice rebels to return to mainstream life.

Look also

FAST FACTS: What is amnesty?
by Michael Bueza and Vernise L Tantuco September 04, 2018
Here's what you need to know about amnesty in the Philippines

The Yin and Yang of Philippine Documentary Photography

by/Sonny Yabao and Alex Baluyut

From Cory to Noynoy: PMAers in the Cabinet

by/Michael Bueza - Feb 21, 2015

Look also about "Philippine Military Academy - PMA" HERE

LOOK BACK: Past Charter Change attempts and why they failed
by Sofia Tomacruz January 17, 2018

Charter Change has been brought up by almost every administration since Martial Law

Kabataang Barangay: Get to know the forerunner of the Sangguniang Kabataan
by Alex Evangelista August 30, 2018

Kabataang Barangay, headed by Imee Marcos, was established during Martial Law to develop young people according to the 'guiding philosophies of the New Society '

Diokno's vision for PH as 'nation for our children' not yet realized
by Jodesz Gavilan February 27, 2017

The daughter of the late statesman Jose Diokno says her father would urge Filipinos to 'stand firm, find our voice, and not seal our eyes' against injustices in the country if he were still alive.

Look also

'Distortion of truth': Diokno family slams Bongbong Marcos, Enrile
by Jodesz Gavilan September 21, 2018
The family of the late statesmen Jose Diokno slams former senator Juan Ponce Enrile for peddling lies about Marcos' Martial Law, calling his actions a 'pathetic attempt at rewriting our history'

Through 'Ka Pepe,' Sereno reflects on human rights in PH
by Bea Cupin September 21, 2017
Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno raises the challenges confronting human rights today, as a monument of the late Jose 'Ka Pepe' Diokno is unveiled on the 45th anniversary of Martial Law

No cause more worthy: Ka Pepe Diokno's fight for human rights
by Jodesz Gavilan September 21, 2017
Statesman Jose 'Ka Pepe' Diokno is regarded as the father of human rights advocacy in the Philippines

Diokno defined courage for the Martial Law generation
by Ed Garcia September 19, 2017
On the 45th anniversary of martial law and some 30 years after his death, Jose Diokno lives on, his ideals and his dreams, and his deeply held belief that it is worth building 'a nation for our children'.

and the Video:
Remembering Ka Pepe Diokno on his 30th death anniversary
Published on Feb 27, 2017

FAST FACTS: Legacy of Jesse Robredo
by Alex Evangelista August 16, 2018

Jesse Robredo's ‘tsinelas leadership' lives on, 6 years after his death

Look also this Jesse Robredo Quote and HERE and HERE

The woman who competed with the best
'Letty' made a name for herself in diplomacy and politics,
and championed culture and women's rights

By Michael Bueza March 20, 2017 - with Video, the video can be look in HD HERE

Look also

A eulogy for Mom
by Lila Ramos-Shahani March 26, 2017
Lila Shahani on mother Leticia: 'I wanted to birth her into the afterlife the way she had birthed me into this life. My only sentiment, throughout it all, was the deepest gratitude.'

Jovito Salonga (June 22, 1920 – March 10, 2016)
by/Michael Bueza Updated March 10, 2016

Get to know more about the former Senate president and one of the country's greatest statesmen

Look also the Videos and HERE, HERE and HERE

Remembering Raul Roco
October 26, 2014

Previously described as a 'warrior lawyer' who loves debate, Roco passses away on August 5, 2005 at the age of 63
"the best president we never had"
Some of Roco's best quotes are still relevant and useful in politics and governance. Joy Aceron of the Ateneo School of Government chose these memorable Roco quotes, look these and more about Raul S. Rocco in the article
Look also HERE and the Video


Videos about the Philippine history of 490 years and more:

Philippine History of 490 Years

The videos that provides a concise history of the Philippines broken down into seven (7) sets of seventy (70) years.


Philippines in 100 years

A short video presentation of the history of the Philippines


Islamic History of the Philippines


Zamboanga 1936 - LOOK the film which tells the story of the past

Look more and full description of and about the video HERE

Remark this is an album in the album "History and Film art" in the sub-album "Introducing of Philippine Art - Etc."

This rare collection of historical images from the Philippines were taken in 1899.

Look also HERE


Remark these are albums in the album "Filipinos & the Philippines, Provinces, Cities, Etc. during old times and ..."


Filipinas in the Spanish era

Oct 24, 2014 by/fonsucu


Philippines, the old times

Old places in the Philippines


60 Vintage Photos circa 1898-1901


Old Philippines 1900

Old Philippine Photos


Filipino during the old times

What have we become?


Nostalgic Old Philippines

Pictures from Old Philippines

Doubles-frame pictures are for the old fashoined Stereoscopy also called stereoscopic or 3-D imaging.


Philippines, Then and Now on High Definition Video Slide Presentation


Post-War Rehabilitation of the Philippines 1946
Jul 1, 2013

This video shows the post-war rehabilitation of the Philippines, which entailed close cooperation with the United States of America, and the active involvement of the Filipino public. Video courtesy of the President Manuel Roxas Foundation.


Philippines, Pearl of the Orient, 1948 & 1955


Philippine family life in 1956
by MichaelRogge Jun 4, 2014

Seems a model family featuring in this old documentary film. A viewer informs me that the boy moved to Manila and his name is now Ramon Revilla. I hope to hear from him in his old age. Rowell Sumang reported that his hometown San Luis, Pampanga, is shown.


Spanish era pictures of Manila
Noong bata pa si Sabel


Nostalgia de Manila

years unknown


Manila antes y ahora, then and now
Mar 4, 2017
Cambia Manila
Canción: Todo cambia, por Mercedes Sosa


Manila en los años veinte

All by fonsucu


Remark these are albums in the album:

"Manila from 1800 to .... - Now"


Old Manila 1800-1960


Manila en los años veinte
May 21, 2016 by/fonsucu


Why Manila heritage sites are in danger

Many heritage sites in Manila are in danger. It appeared at the hearing of the Senate Committee on Education Arts and Culture on the issue still controversial about Torre de Manila.
Sep 25, 2014


Pre - World War II


Look also the maps Manila 1919 and Manila 1920


Battle of Manila - 2 sub-albums

The battle for the liberation of Manila waged from February 3 to March 3, 1945, between Philippine and American forces, and the Imperial Japanese forces is widely considered to be one of the greatest tragedies of the Second World War. One hundred thousand men, women, and children perished. Architectural heritage was reduced to rubble the City of Manila was the second most devastated Allied capital of World War II.
The Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office and the Presidential Museum and Library would like to thank the following for their invaluable help and assistance in this project: Mr. Jose Custodio, Dr. Benito Legarda Jr., Dr. Ricardo T. Jose, Mr. Paulo Alcazaren, Mr. Robert Hudson, Ambassador Juan Jose Rocha, Mrs. Sylvia Lichauco de Leon, Mr. John Tewell, Mr. Lou Gopal, Mr. Manuel Angelo Carreon II, Ms. Lorelei Stewart Mayer, Mr. Jeric Chua, National Historical Commission of the Philippines, National Museum of the Philippines, Memorare Manila 1945 Foundation, Tiger Films Productions, Filipinas Heritage Library, Lopez Museum and Library, Ortigas Foundation Library, Heritage Conservation Society, and the Battle of Manila Online website. Feb 11, 2015.

Look more about the Battle of Manila HERE


Manila - 1960s

During President Diosdado Macapagal & Pres. Ferdinand Marcos' First Term Era


Manila in the 1970s


Metro Manila then and now
Sep 16, 2017
Let's look back to the days when Metro Manila is not as populated as it is now.

Goebbels' diary shows he took note of Fall of Bataan
by Geronimo Suliguin April 09, 2018

Entries in Joseph Goebbels' 1942 diary show the propaganda minister taking note of the fall of Bataan and quickly blaming MacArthur, and the Jews behind him.

The Bataan Death March - Martsa ng Kamatayan sa Bataan

was the forcible transfer from Saisaih Pt. and Mariveles to Camp O'Donnell by the Imperial Japanese Army of 60,000–80,000 Filipino and American prisoners of war which began on April 9, 1942
The march went from Mariveles, Bataan, to San Fernando, Pampanga. From San Fernando, survivors were loaded to a box train and were brought to Camp O'Donnell in Capas, Tarlac.
The march was characterized by occasional severe physical abuse. It was later judged by an Allied military commission to be a Japanese war crime.

Look also HERE, HERE and

the Videos
About The Bataan Death March

Bataan Death March Survivor

Remark this is an album in the album "Bataan Death March & The battle of Luzon"

1942 - 1945

Tomorrow is the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II. On September 2, 1945, with the formal surrender of the Japanese Empire, the Second World War officially ended.

In commemoration of this historical turning point, we have designed a special page containing links to a timeline, archival photos and videos, and a number of articles highlighting the extent of WW2 within our shores.
September 1, 2015

The Philippines campaign of 1944–45
Operation Musketeer I, II, and III, the Battle of the Philippines 1944–45, or the Liberation of the Philippines was the American and Filipino campaign to defeat and expel the Imperial Japanese forces occupying the Philippines, during World War II.

Look also the Video
Philippines Campaign, Battle for Luzon

Remark this is an album in the album "Bataan Death March & The battle of Luzon"


Veterans Federation of the Philippines brief history
Nov 16, 2014

Remark this is an album in the album "Constitution & Laws - Etc. of the Philippines"

Look also Filipino World War II Veterans and HERE


Fabian de la Rosa and His Time

Many historical sequences in the video from his time (May 5, 1869 - December 14, 1937)

14-minute video, produced by Filipiniana.net, in cooperation with the UP Vargas Museum

Remark this is an album in the album "Painters, Muralists, BodyPainters, Graffiti Artist and their works"

Look more about Fabian de la Rosa HERE

by: Kristine Sanchez
Bangsang Kapampangan

Essays on Kapampangan Nationalism

History of Culion Sanitarium and General Hospital



Culion - A Paradise Lost - A Paradise Regained

Look about Culion Museum HERE

Look more about the present Culion island HERE


Look also the Videos:

Culion Island Paradise in Palawan

The Beautiful Island of Culion in Palawan, Philippines a former leper colony, is now become a progressive and potential tourist destination in the entire country under the governance of Mayor Veronica Cantimbuhan. Please come and visit Culion and experience the virginity of the mother nature.


Culion Island, a former leper colony in Philippines


'Island of No Return', panoorin
Naging malaking problemang pangkalusugan sa bansa ang sakit na ketong noong 1906. Karamihan sa mga tinamaan nito, sa isla ng Culion ipinadala. Oct 9, 2015

Remark these are albums in the album "Culion Island Paradise in Palawan" in the album "Great places to visit"

Look more videos about the present Culion island HERE


Ilocos Sur: An Illustrated History

A history book about Ilocos Sur authored by Ilocos Sur governor Deogracias Victor "DV" Savellano and illustrated by Philippine Star editorial cartoonist Rene Aranda and UP Fine Arts professor Bim Bacaltos.

You can buy the book here:
1. University of the Philippines Press, Diliman, Quezon City
2. Filipinas Heritage Library, Ayala Triangle, Ayala Ave., Makati City (in front of Manila Pen Hotel)
3. Ayala Museum Library, Makati Avenue cor. Dela Rosa St. Makati City
4. National Book Store

Hardbound - PHP 2,900 - Softbound - PHP 1,400


Olongapo City, Then and Now


Memories of Olongapo City


Clark Air Base - Past and PRESENT

Look the full descriptions of the videos: Past and PRESENT & Before Mt. Pinatubo Evacuation HERE


Far East Network - FEN Philippines

Far East Network served Clark Air Base, Subic Bay Naval Station and other U.S. military outposts.


Look also about "Amerasians - Forgotten Filipino-American Children" HERE



A Story of Philippine's Oldest Radio Station

Look the full description of the video HERE

SUBIC BAY Ship Repair Facility - CUBI POINT Naval Air Station - SUBIC BAY Naval Magazine

Look also HERE

Martial Law - The People Power Revolution, the EDSA Revolutions - The writ of habeas corpus restored - etc.

Remark most of the videos in this section are in the albums in the album "Philippine History" or "EDSA People Power Revolution" or "Ferdinand E. E. Marcos, Sr. - President, Dictator, Martial Law, Burial, Etc."

Look also HERE above HERE and

IMPORTANT look ALSO: Ferdinand E. E. Marcos, Sr. - President, Dictator, Martial Law, Burial, Etc.

go to overview

LOOK BACK: The Aquino assassination
by Jodesz Gavilan August 20, 2016 - with Video:
Ninoy Aquino Returns to the Philippines (30th death anniversary special)

August 21, 2017 marks 34 years since Benigno 'Ninoy' Aquino Jr was killed at the Manila International Airport.
Considered one of the staunchest opponents of then president Ferdinand Marcos, Aquino was regarded as a contributing factor in the transformation of the small opposition during Martial Law. His assassination galvanized the opposition even more and drew widespread support for their cause, culminating in a People Power revolt in 1986.

LOOK this Video in HD AND also ALL the other


in the album "Benigno 'Ninoy' Aquino Jr." e.g.:

#Ninoy: Remembering a Hero - Full Airplane interview from August 21 1983

Tributes to Ninoy - Feb 25, 2017:

Ninoy’s letter to Antonio Cuenco on June 27, 1983

Ninoy Aquino's Arrival Statement

Cory Aquino and the fall of Martial Law

The History Remains at Aquino Center and Museum

and the articles:

Filipinos are worth dying for by Ninoy Aquino

Ninoy’s letter to Antonio Cuenco on June 27, 1983

FULL TEXT: Noynoy Aquino's message on Ninoy's 35th death anniversary
August 22, 2018 - with Video
Read former president Benigno Aquino III's speech during the 35th death anniversary of his father, the late senator Ninoy Aquino, who was assassinated in 1983

August 21, 2003 By Corazon C. Aquino

Aquino to Duterte: Reflect on your message about Ninoy
by Camille Elemia August 21, 2017
'Kami'y nagpapasalamat sa magandang sinabi sa aking ama. Siguro pakiusap ko lang baka puwedeng paminsan-minsan babasahin po niya ulit ito,' says former president Benigno Aquino III.
Look also all the links in this article! and HERE

EDSA and history lessons for today
by Ross Tugade February 25, 2018

'The susceptibility of the youth to seek 'alternative facts' and feign a sense of nostalgia for the golden days of Martial Law is a collective failure of our political, social, and pedagogical institutions'

Look also

Did EDSA fail us?
by Sylvia Estrada Claudio February 26, 2018
When this regime threatens press freedom, imprisons its critics, and arbitrarily kills its citizens, then it fails us and EDSA. It reverses all the steps we have taken towards democracy and progress.

Ninoy’s impossible dream
by Emmanuel Doy Santos August 18, 2018
Divisions between the ka-DDS and the dilawan are illusory. Each of them in fact holds a missing piece that, combined with the other, forms a stable liberal democracy.


The relevance of the 1986 EDSA People Power today
Watch the discussion

Robredo on EDSA 31: Democracy is each Filipino's ability to be part of nation-building
Vice President Leni Robredo delivered a heartfelt message on the 31st anniversary of the EDSA People Power Revolution during a forum on Friday, February 24. She urged Filipinos to ponder what has been their contributions to the country after the bloodless revolution that toppled dictator Ferdinand Marcos.

EDSA in the age of social media
For the 30th anniversary of EDSA 1, CMFR interviewed millennials and asked: "What comes to mind when you hear 1986 EDSA People Power?"

Pangilinan recounts EDSA People Power in 1986
Senator Kiko Pangilinan, who was a student activist in 1986, recalls his EDSA People Power Revolution experience

Duterte skips EDSA anniversary rites
A toned-down affair. That's how the Duterte administration held its first commemoration of the 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution

Lagman: Duterte toned down EDSA rites due to his fascination with Marcos
For some who saw the horrors of the Marcos dictatorship, President Duterte's decision to tone down this year's commemoration of the EDSA People Power Revolution only reflects his fascination with the late dictator, Ferdinand Marcos.

Duterte: No single entity can claim EDSA Revolution
President Rodrigo Duterte heralded the spirit of the 1986 EDSA People Power as belonging to the entire Filipino people, and not just to a selected few.

Raissa Robles: Duterte a historical 'cherrypicker'
At the forum on EDSA People Power's relevance, investigative journalist Raissa Robles says President Rodrigo Duterte "cherrypicks from history to pursue his political agenda."

Look also

On Cory's 8th death anniversary, Aquino urges Filipinos to protect democracy
by Camille Elemia August 01, 2017
'Maski anong bagay 'pag pinabayaan ay guguho eh... 'Pag 'di natin pinahalagahan itong mga karapatan na ito, baka gumising tayo isang araw wala na,' says former president Benigno Aquino III.
Once a housewife reluctant to enter politics, Cory Aquino became known as an icon of Philippine democracy after the EDSA People Power Revolution that ousted dictator Ferdinand Marcos. Even after retiring from politics, she was still in the public eye, as she continued to speak out on national issues.

Duterte on EDSA anniversary: No group has monopoly of patriotism
by Pia Ranada
Executive Secretary Salvador Medialdea delivers the message of President Rodrigo Duterte, who skipped the EDSA commemorative event.

DILG memo: LGUs 'expected' to help mobilize for pro-Duterte rally
The memorandum says local government officials may organize their constituents who are 'willing to participate' in pro-Duterte events supporting President Rodrigo Duterte this weekend, as other groups are set to hold rallies to mark the 31st anniversary of the EDSA People Power Revolution.

Pangilinan: 'Real change' lies in 'people power'
'I believe the war on drugs should be refocused [to] war on poverty to reach a developed nation status,' says Senator Francis Pangilinan

FULL TEXT: Archbishop Villegas' open letter to Cardinal Sin on EDSA
by Archbishop Socrates B. Villegas
'4 days of bloodless revolution! Wow! Now 8 months of relentless killings of the poor in the name of 'change'! It is a nightmare, Your Eminence! It is a shame.'

Cardinal Tagle to parishes: Hold People Power activities
by Paterno Esmaquel II
Cardinal Luis Antonio Tagle makes this unprecedented move as the Duterte administration chooses to hold a low-key celebration of People Power this year.

ALL Feb 24-25, 2017


EDSA 31, Feb 25, 2017:

Thousands gather to commemorate EDSA 31
Filipinos celebrated the 31st anniversary of the EDSA People Power Revolution at the People Power Monument on Saturday, February 25. Patty Pasion reports

31 years after 1986 Edsa revolt, the fight continues
Former President Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino III and Vice President Leni Robredo were among those who attended the 31st anniversary of Edsa People Power Revolution on Saturday.
(Video and editing by RYAN LEAGOGO)

Ramos wants next People Power celebration to be ‘very, very big’
Former President Fidel V. Ramos was somewhat disappointed that the commemoration of the 1986 People Power Revolution was just for a day and held in simple rites inside Camp Aguinaldo. Still, he attended, but he added that he would want the next celebration to be “very, very big.”
(Video by Noy Morcoso)

Fr Robert Reyes: Lies and falsehoods are poisoning the motherland
Activist priest Fr. Robert Reyes at the 31st anniversary of the EDSA People Power revolution says with historical revisionism, lies are allowed to "poison the motherland."

Mga taga-suporta ni Duterte, nagtipon sa Quirino Grandstand
Kasabay ng paggunita ng ika-31 anibersayo ng People Power Revolution, nagtipon naman ang mga taga-suporta ni Pangulong Rodrigo Duterte sa Quirino Grandstand para suportahan ang kanyang kampanya kontra droga at kriminalidad.

Look also

Aguirre: Channeling 'perya barker' or Pontius Pilate?
February 27, 2017
UPDATED Several senators criticize the behavior of Justice Secretary Vitaliano Aguirre II at a pro-Duterte rally at Luneta over the weekend was simply tasteless!

Despite 'silent' celebration, thousands relive spirit of EDSA
Organizers of the rally say 6,000 participated in the 'Power of We' protest set on the 31st anniversary of the EDSA People Power Revolution

Thousands gather to commemorate EDSA 31
February 26, 2017
Those who gathered at EDSA 31 not only commemorated the People Power Revolution, but protested the burial of former president Ferdinand Marcos.

Duterte critics, supporters clash along EDSA
with video
Critics and supporters of President Rodrigo Duterte clashed along the iconic highway EDSA as the Philippines marked the 31st anniversary of the EDSA People Power Revolution on Saturday, February 25.

IN PHOTOS: Anti-Duterte groups relive 31st EDSA People Power uprising
Protesters raise several issues as they commemorate the 31st EDSA People Power uprising.

Aquino on EDSA 31: 'Hindi pa tapos ang laban'
by Patty Pasion
Former president Benigno Aquino III leads other Liberal Party members who join the rally to remember the 31st anniversary of the EDSA People Power revolt.

Whose EDSA? A reflection on the (failed) promises of ‘People Power’
by Gideon Lasco February 27, 2017

Like an audience of a ‘teleserye’ with no control over the plot, spectatorship is our default mode of involvement. What EDSA represents is the hope that such passivity has not always been the case.

The essence of EDSA: Change begins with us
by Leni Robredo February 25, 2017

We don't need false prophets of change who claim that they are the people's last hope. The change that we so desire begins with us.

The fragility of democracy: Why we can’t just ‘move on’ from EDSA 1
by JC Punongbayan February 25, 2017

Perhaps it’s best to remember EDSA 1 not as one great wholesale victory for democracy, but rather as a testament to the fragile nature of democracy.

March, but mourn not the demise of EDSA Republic
by Walden Bello February 24, 2017

The EDSA Republic’s failure to live up to its promises spawned Dutertismo


EDSA 31 Heroes: In Memoriam
Feb 24, 2017

ABS-CBN News looks back at 31 heroes who figured in the 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution and helped restore democracy in the Philippines.

2016: The year the Marcoses had it so good
by Patty Pasion December 14, 2016
Sure, the nation had not collectively forgotten Martial Law, but that dark chapter in our history was probably not foremost on anyone's mind at the start of 2016. That was, until the only son and namesake of dictator Ferdinand Marcos started climbing up in election surveys and, later, the family won its decades-long campaign to bury the former president as a hero.
This is where 30 years have brought the country. In 1986, Marcos was ousted from power as thousands gathered peacefully on EDSA
TIMELINE: How the Marcoses made their political comeback
February 25, 2017
After being forced into exile following the 1986 EDSA Revolution, the Marcoses slowly return to politics, with members of the late dictator's family now holding government positions.
It was February 25, 1986. The dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos was about to reach its end: the military had turned against him, he was facing scores of human rights and corruption accusations, and thousands gathered on the streets in what would be known worldwide as the People Power Revolution.

"AboutPhilippines" says: We are angry

The People Power Revolution

also known as the EDSA Revolution and the Philippine Revolution of 1986

was a series of popular demonstrations in the Philippines that began in 1983 and culminated in 1986 with the result:

Fall of Marcos regime (1965-86); start of Fifth Republic

Look also

Proclamation 1071
February, 25 2016 be declared as a special (non-working) holiday throughout the country in celebration of the 30th Anniversary of the Edsa People Power Revolution

Key players in the 1986 People Power Revolution
by/ Jodesz Gavilan Feb 23, 2016

Timeline of the People Power Revolution

Newspaper front pages during the 1986 People Power Revolution
by/Jodesz Gavilan February 21, 2016

and the Videos

1986 EDSA People Power Revolution Never Before Seen Footages

EDSA People Power Revolution, Footages

EDSA 30 - Inquirer documentary special

EDSA 30 - Nene Pimentel reacts to youth's views on People Power

EDSA 30 - Sr Mary John Mananzan reacts to youth's views on People Power

EDSA a historical judgment of Marcos dictatorship

PNoy: PH was 'sick man of Asia' under Marcos era

and the Videos

A mini-museum on the 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution

The writ of habeas corpus restored - Proclamation No. 2, s. 1986

On March 2, 1986, addressing the large crowd that had gathered in Rizal Park, President Corazon C. Aquino announced the restoration of the writ of habeas corpus.

Editorial: Lessons from Edsa
Sun.Star, February 21, 2016
IT WAS an unexpected lesson that emerged when a class of Mass Communication undergraduates at the University of the Philippines Cebu tossed around the question, “When was martial law declared in the country?”

Look also How to help young voters understand martial law
by/ Patty Pasion Feb 24, 2016
Major players in the EDSA People Power Revolution have some advice for young people, who now tend to favor a strongman for a leader.
Look it as pdf HERE

Robredo to Bongbong Marcos: 'Facts don't lie'
by/ Bea Orante Feb 25, 2016
Leni Robredo asks Filipino youth to understand the context behind EDSA I and the older generation to help them do it

Recalling the past, looking to the future
by/ Mark Barnes Feb 26, 2016

X users share their experiences from EDSA I and their hopes for the Philippines, 30 years after the People Power Revolution

The 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution gathered millions of Filipinos from all walks of life to march along Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA), the main artery of Metro Manila, to end the dictatorship of President Ferdinand E. Marcos and begin a new era marked by true freedom and democracy.
The events of February 25, 1986, altered the course of our nation’s history; it showcased to the world the remarkable resolve of the Filipino people. It heralded an era of peace.

Look also

#EDSA30: One memorable meeting on Feb 23

#EDSA30: Helicopters, a phone and a scotch


‘People Power sa Davao’
Feb 27, 2017 - Aired: February 25, 2017
Malayo man sa Maynila ay may naging katungkulan din ang Davao sa pagpapatalsik ng diktaduryang Marcos. Sasaliksikin ni Howie Severino kung paano umusbong ang ‘Welga ng Bayan’ sa Davao at kikilalanin ang mga taong naging instrumento ng mga matatagumpay na protesta sa Davao tulad nina Nanay Soling Duterte, Alex Orcullo at Karen Guantero
How the unfulfilled EDSA revolt led to Duterte
by Cleve Arguelles, The Conversation December 22, 2016
'The failure to deliver on the promises of the People Power Revolution made the rise of Duterte politically possible'.
Anti-Marcos group: Quiet EDSA anniversary rites part of revisionism
by Aika Rey February 22, 2017
The #BlockMarcos Movement accuses the Duterte administration of downplaying the struggles of those who fought the dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos.

Look also

Robredo hopes for united EDSA anniversary celebration
by Patty Pasion February 22, 2017
Aside from the government-hosted event in Camp Aguinaldo, there will also be protests organized by anti-Marcos groups.

Duterte supporters to hold rallies on EDSA anniversary
with Video
by Pia Ranada February 22, 2017
The rallies are meant to prove that support for President Rodrigo Duterte is 'not waning' despite criticism against his war on drugs and the revival of his links to murders in Davao City.

Duterte gov't to hold 'simple, quiet' EDSA anniversary
by Pia Ranada February 16, 2017
'The emphasis has shifted. It is no longer a celebration of the past; it is now a reflection on what can happen in the future.

EDSA People Power II, January 16 to 20, 2001

and  the rise and fall – and rise – of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

go to overview

EDSA People Power II, January 16 to 20, 2001
The Fall of Estrada & the Rise of a New Political System

Look also
Second EDSA Revolution

Edsa 1 and Edsa 2 compared
By Artemio V. Panganiban
February 07, 2016


EDSA People Power II, as it came to be known, was a series of protests held from January 16 to 20, 2001, against former president Joseph Estrada who was then facing plunder charges. The protests eventually triggered Estrada's downfall – and paved the way for Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, his vice president, to enter the spotlight in the political scene.

Looking back at EDSA II: The political paths of Estrada and Arroyo
January 17, 2017
16 years since the second EDSA People Power Revolution, two key players, former presidents Joseph Estrada and Gloria Arroyo head in strikingly similar directions


What does history tell us about Gloria Arroyo's presidency?
August 02, 2018

Walk down memory lane with Leloy Claudio and Barry Guitierrez on the rise and fall – and rise – of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo's presidency from 2001-2010 is one of the most tumultuous periods in Philippine history – a failure of democracy for some, with corruption taking center stage and an administration constantly in survival mode.
The decade made famous the buzzwords "Hello Garci' and "moderate your greed" and gave birth to the Magdalo mutineer

IMPORTANT: Look also WHAT WENT BEFORE: Oakwood Mutiny


Redux? Duterte admin recalls Arroyo policies, controversies

After Palparan conviction, lawyers target Gloria Arroyo
by Lian Buan September 17, 2018 - with Video
‘We are looking at the angle of command responsibility of Palparan’s commander-in-chief Gloria Macapagal Arroyo,’ says private prosecutor Edre Olalia

Jovito Palparan: The most wanted man in the country
by Patricia Evangelista September 17, 2018 - with Video

Massacres - historical and 1968 - ???

Look also above The Filipino genocide

go to overview

List of massacres
Massacres, incidents of violence against farmers
by Jodesz Gavilan October 23, 2018

Filipino farmers have taken it upon themselves to fight for their rights but have been met with bullets as protests turn violent

Look also the Video: Independent investigation sa Sagay massacre in the album "Sagay massacre, 9 farmers killed at Negros Occidental hacienda"


Jabidah and Merdeka: The inside story
by Marites Dañguilan Vitug and Glenda M. Gloria March 18, 2013
On March 18, 1968 at least 23 young Muslim trainees were shot to death on Corregidor Island in what has since been known as
the Jabidah massacre.
The officers who participated in the Jabidah massacre have not fully come clean. In the end, it may have left a legacy of lying and cover-up in the military.

Jabidah and Merdeka: The inside story
The officers who participated in the Jabidah massacre have not fully come clean. In the end, it may have left a legacy of lying and cover-up in the military.

Both by Marites Dañguilan Vitug and Glenda M. Gloria March 18, 2013 and March 18, 2018

Look also

Still no justice 50 years after Jabidah massacre
March 18, 2018 - with Video
Half a century later, the names of slain young Moros remain carved on concrete walls while justice is still nowhere to be found.

Learn from lessons of Jabidah massacre, Zambo youth tell Duterte
by Jieven Santisteban March 18, 2017
Young Mindanao activists urge President Rodrigo Duterte to stop extrajudicial killings

and HERE

Mendiola Massacre, January 22, 1987

4 things to know about the Mendiola Massacre
by Raisa Serafica January 21, 2017

Agrarian Reform Chief Rafael “Ka Paeng” V. Mariano, then secretary-general of Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas, is one of the many farmers who were at the Mendiola protest in 1987.
On January 22, 1987, an otherwise peaceful mobilization on Mendiola Street turned into a bloody dispersal that took the lives of 13 farmers.
The unfortunate incident came to be known as the Mendiola Massacre.

Look also the Videos: Mendiola Massacre, January 22, 1987

Hacienda Luisita massacre, Nov. 16, 2004
Striking farmworkers, demanding the turnover of the land to them, were violently dispersed by combined PNP-AFP forces. As the strikers and their supporters resisted the teargas shells and water cannons, successive gunshots rang out. Consequently, seven farmworkers were killed, 121 were injured (32 had gunshot wounds), including 11 children and four elderly men.

In the succeeding weeks, eight supporters of the strike were killed: Bishop Alberto Ramento, former supreme bishop of the Iglesia Filipina Independiente; Fr. William Tadena, also of the IFI; Tarlac City councilor Abel Ladera; Ric Ramos, president of the Central Azucarera de Tarlac Labor Union; and four worker-community leaders.

Look also the Video and the articles:

How a workers' strike became the Luisita Massacre

Hda. Luisita massacre: No justice after 10 years

Maguindanao Massacre, election-related violence and media killings, November 23, 2009

6 updates on Maguindanao massacre's 6th year
by Jodesz Gavilan November 21, 2015
Rappler lists down what happened during the months leading to the 6th year of the worst case of election-related violence and media killings in the Philippines

Look also

CA: 3 accused in Maguindanao massacre can't be state witnesses
July 29, 2018
The Court of Appeals denies the motion seeking to turn Police Inspector Rex Ariel Diongon, Police Office 1 Rainier Ebus, and Mohammad Sangki into state witnesses

After 8 years, what's next in the Maguindanao massacre trial?
by Sofia Tomacruz November 23, 2017
Almost a decade has passed since the death of 58 in the Maguindanao massacre – will justice be served soon?

What has happened to the Maguindanao massacre trial 8 years later?
by Sofia Tomacruz November 23, 2017 - with Video
8 years and 3 administrations later, no convictions have been made

TIMELINE: The long road to justice for Maguindanao massacre victims
by Sofia Tomacruz November 23, 2017
It's been 8 years since 58 people – including 32 media workers – were killed in Maguindanao. What has happened since?

INFOGRAPHIC: The Maguindanao massacre, 8 years later
November 23, 2017
Here's the status of the Maguindanao massacre trial in numbers

7 years later: What happened to the Maguindanao massacre case?
by Katerina Francisco Updated November 23, 2016
UPDATED Will the worst case of election-related violence in the Philippines reach its resolution under the Duterte administration?

the slideshow: Dozens of bodies found in mass grave in Amputuan, Maguindanao province

and the Videos in the album "Media Killings - Etc.":

What Really Happened During the Maguindanao Massacre?


Duterte's media security chief: Interview
by Pia Ranada November 22, 2017
Presidential Task Force on Media Security head Joel Sy Egco on updates on the Maguindanao massacre case

Atimonan massacre, January 6, 2013

Atimonan incident: Ambush or shootout?
by Natashya Gutierrez January 18, 2013
Thirteen people were killed in a mass murder, authorities said to be an alleged shootout conducted by Philippine National Police.
Ambush or shootout?
Almost 2 weeks after the Atimonan Quezon incident, there are more questions than answers.

Look also

Getting to the bottom of the Atimonan rubout
by Benjie Oliveros January 18, 2013

'Quezon shoot-out' was an ambush, says PNP probe

PNP dismisses 13 cops in Atimonan killings
by Bea Cupin April 14, 2014
UPDATED Dismissed from service more than a year after the incident are 13 policemen, including a veteran intelligence officer

Mamasapano massacre - SAF44

was an incident that occurred during a police operation, codenamed Oplan Exodus, which took place on Sunday, January 25, 2015, at Tukanalipao, Mamasapano, Maguindanao, by Special Action Force (SAF) of the Philippine National Police (PNP) (allegedly joined by United States Army Special Forces) against the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). The operation was intended to capture or kill wanted Malaysian terrorist and bomb-maker Zulkifli Abdhir and other Malaysian terrorists or high-ranking members of the BIFF.

Look also

ALL the Videos about:

PNP-SAF Ambush Malupet and the time - cases after

and the articles:

SC has been sitting on Mamasapano transfer request for a year
by Lian Buan January 25, 2018 - with Video
The trial of 88 people charged with murder for the bloody Mamasapano operations has yet to start

Aquino again blames Napeñas for Mamasapano mistakes
by Bea Cupin November 10, 2017
Former president Benigno Aquino III says that at that time, he had no reason to believe that the former SAF chief would lie to him

Sandiganbayan finds probable cause to put Aquino on trial
by Lian Buan November 10, 2017 - with Video
3rd UPDATE About an hour after former President Benigno Aquino III posts bail, the anti-graft court announces it has found probable cause to put him on trial

Ombudsman files charges vs Noynoy Aquino over Mamasapano
by Lian Buan November 08, 2017
The former president is facing charges of graft and usurpation of official functions over the botched Mamasapano operation back in 2015

SAF 44 kin want homicide charges vs Aquino
July 19, 2017 - with Video
Aquino also files his appeal before Morales but it is done discreetly.
Look also HERE

Aquino surprised Duterte defended him over indictment
by Lian Buan July 18, 2017
Former president Benigno Aquino III will file a motion for reconsideration before the Ombudsman on Wednesday, July 19, to 'clarify what transpired' in the Mamasapano operation.

Mamasapano generals: Where are they now?
by Bea Cupin July 16, 2017
Former police generals Alan Purisima and Getulio Napeñas allegedly 'conspired' with former president Benigno Aquino III in the lead-up to the tragic Mamasapano clash.

Duterte declares Jan 25 'Day of National Remembrance' for SAF 44
February 26, 2017 with many good links

Senate draft report: MILF liabilities in Mamasapano 'massacre'
by Carmela Fonbuena March 17, 2015
Senator Grace Poe is not taking the MILF to task for the death of the SAF commandos, only its members who were involved in the bloody clash.

PNoy ultimately responsible for Mamasapano massacre - Senate panel
March 17, 2015 By AMITA O. LEGASPI, GMA News

Massacre or misencounter? #SAF44 debate goes on
By Paolo Taruc, CNN Philippines March 24, 2015

Duterte to create commission to reinvestigate Mamasapano
January 24, 2017
The President wants to appoint 'men of integrity and honor,' possibly former Supreme Court justices, to head the reinvestigation into the 2015 botched police operation.

SAF 44 families demand justice from Duterte
by Pia Ranada January 25, 2017
During a dinner for the families, Duterte promises to set a 'day of remembrance' for the SAF 44 and orders the PNP to study the possibility of awarding the fallen troopers the Medal of Valor.

Two years after Mamasapano: What happened to the case?
January 25, 2017
Two years have passed since the Mamasapano encounter, but the victims' families are still clamoring for truth on the bloody police operation.

Finger-pointing on Mamasapano
by Edilberto de Jesus, PhD January 28, 2017
If Aquino was ultimately responsible for Mamasapano

should not Duterte accept ultimate accountability for the murder by PNP officers of Jee Ick Joo, and any murder subsequently discovered to have been perpetrated by the police?


Ombudsman vs Mamasapano massacre

the Videos in the album "Mamasapano massacre - SAF44" e.g.:

Duterte: US involvement in Mamasapano had Aquino blessing

Duterte, binanatan si Aquino dahil sa Mamasapano encounte

A look back at the Mamasapano carnage

Aquino to face trial for Mamasapano carnage

Poe urges Duterte: Push for swift resolution of Mamasapano cases

Ancient Dynasties - Kingdoms and Sultanates of Pre-Colonial Philippines

Look also Ethnic and Indigenous Filipino Groups

go to overview

This article covers the history of the Philippines from the creation of the Laguna Copperplate Inscription in 900 to the arrival of European explorer Ferdinand Magellan in 1521, which marks the beginning of the Spanish Colonial period.

Look also History of the Philippines (Before 1521)

Kahariang Tundun or Kaharian ng Tondo

Kingdom of Tondo

Tondo, also referred to as Tundo, Tundun, Tundok, was a Philippine fortified kingdom whose capital is located in the Manila Bay area, specifically north of the Pasig river, on Luzon island

Look also HERE, HERE, HERE, HERE and HERE e.g.

 many links to former kingdoms in the Philippines e.g.

Kingdom of Maynila & Kingdom of Namayan

Rajahante of Cebu

was a classical Philippine state which used to exist on Cebu island prior to the arrival of the Spanish.

Rajah Humabon Rajah Humabon - King of Cebu

Rajah Humabon was the Rajah (King) of Cebu at the time of Portuguese explorer, Ferdinand Magellan's arrival in the Philippines in 1521

look also HERE

A Chronology: The Ilonggo Nation
The surrenderd Ilonggo Nation

Look also

the map 1214 up to the early 1900´s

and The Federal Republic of the Visayas (1898-1901)


Visaya - Family/Clans

The Sri Vijayan empire: Who are the Visayans and where did they come from?

Look also the below video and the above " Ancient Goldworking - Treasures" HERE


Who are the Visayan?

It is never too late to expand one's knowledge of the past. Embarrassing as it may be to the government that the Bisaya it has tirelessly repressed is indeed descended from the great Sri Vishaya, the pursuit of historical truth justifies itself. If not, then for the sake of our young who can only take so much of self-serving and subjective official Philippine history.

Remark this is an album in the album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"

Look also the article:

by Efren B. Isorena

and HERE

Newsletter of the Ilonggo Nation The Federal Republic of the Visayas (1898-1901)

Remark: the links to the different pages in the upper right corner of the site

Princess Urduja

About seven hundred years ago, when Pangasinan was a kingdom, there lived a famous woman ruler in that dominion. Young, beautiful and well-educated, Princess Urduja was reputed to be a good warrior who had personally led her soldiers to the battlefields.

Look also "Princess Urduja: A Symbolic Subversion" HERE

Princess Urduja: The Mother of Ibalois?

Have you ever heard of Princess Urduja? If your elementary teacher was like ours, she would have told you about the warrior princess who is believed to have ruled the Kingdom of Tawalisi.

Anyway, there is an ongoing debate whether Urduja ever existed and whether the Kingdom of Tawalisi really is modern day Pangasinan. Incidentally, the province of Pangasinan honors the memory of Urduja by naming its capitol the Urduja Palace and by putting up a statue in her honor.


Ancient Dynasties - Kingdoms Of Pre-Colonial Philippines
May 1, 2013

What was lost, is now found. What was forgotten, is now remembered. - Ano ay nawala, ngayon ay natagpuan. Ano ay nakalimutan, ngayon ay remembered.

This web site is dedicated to the peoples of the Royal Sultanates of Sulu, Ranao Area and Maguindanao, the goal of it is to show history, flags and symbols sometimes unknown of these glorious Kingdoms.
The Royal Hashemite Sultanate of Sulu and Sabah

Look also HERE

Royal Panji - Flags and symbols of the Royal Sultanates of Sulu, Ranao Area and Maguindanao
The Spanish Era

go to overview

Philippine History and Politics on Spanish colonization

Look as pdf HERE

The Spanish Era in the Philippines
Spaniards' first 50 years The Spaniards' first 50 years in the Philippines, 1565-1615

Source: Blair & Robertson, The Philippine Islands, volume 3, pp. 141-172.Translation from the Spanish by J.G. Gill.

Spanish Colonial Caste System Spanish Colonial Caste System in the Philippines and the rules of the castes

Indio - persons of pure Filipino ancestry
Negrito - persons of pure Aeta ancestry
Sangley - person of pure Chinese ancestry
Mestizo de Sangley - person of mixed Chinese and Malay ancestry; also called chino and/or chino-mestizo
Mestizo de Bombay - person of mixed Indian and Malay ancestry
Mestizo de Español - person of mixed Spanish and Malay ancestry
Tornatrás - person of mixed Spanish, Malay, and Chinese ancestry
Filipinos - persons of pure Spanish descent born in the Philippines ("from Las Filipinas") also called Insulares ("from the islands") or Criollos (Creoles)
Americanos - persons of pure Spanish descent born in Spanish America ("from the Americas")
Peninsulares - persons of pure Spanish descent born in Spain ("from the peninsula")
Mulato-50% Spanish and 50% black
Morisco-25% black and 75% Spanish
Albino- white pigmented black Negro-full blooded black person


Spanish Colonialism in the Philippines
Oct 10, 2014
Religious Revolt of Hermano Pule

Apolinario de la Cruz (July 22, 1815 – November 4, 1841), known as Hermano Pule, Spanish for "Brother Pule" also spelled Hermano Puli, was a Filipino religious leader who founded and led the Cofradía de San José. The cofradía was established in 1832 in response to the racial discrimination of the Catholic Church in the Philippines. During the Spanish colonial period, Catholic religious orders refused to admit native Filipinos as members. In retaliation, Pule established his own religious order which was exclusive for native Filipinos.

Look also HERE and

the Video:

Dalit ni Hermano Pule (Lament of Brother Pule)
Feb 1, 2009 by Malu Maniquis


History of Hispano - Mexican Filipinas 1521-1898
Historia de la Filipinas Hispana 1521-1898


Governor Generals of the Philippines and the Rulers of Spain

Remark these are 2 albums


The Spanish Influence on Filipino Culture - Language - History etc.

Contributions of Spanish Colonization in the Philippines<


Spanish Philippines: The Colonial Era

Memoria del español filipino


Cultural History of the Philippines: Hispanic Philippines Than We Admit.

An extended meditation on the encounter between the native and the foreign, More Hispanic Than We Admit is a collection of scholarly essays on Philippine culture and history. It recuperates our Spanish past and inspires a continued and lasting engagement with Hispanic Philippines Studies.


Remark: this is a album "The Spanish Influence on Filipino Culture - Language - History etc."

Contribution of the Basque men The contribution of the Basque men to the Philippines
by/Rodríguez, Eulogio B.

Many of the Spaniards who had resided in the Philippines were the Basques (vascuences of vascongados). Although they dit not constitute the biggest group, they were given the smallest tie of racial knowledge; they were known more as Spaniards than as Basques.


Remark these are albums in the album "Philippine History"

Spanish Philippines: The Colonial Era

Pictures and photographs of the Philippines: people, places, and art during the 18th to 19th century; during Spanish colonial days.



Latin Philippines

Images of old churches and Fort Santiago


Remark these are albums in the album "Spanish Colonial Era"


Mestiza Hispana Filipina - Spanish Colonial Era


Filipina Mestizas of the Past
by Leona Lyn Oct 30, 2012
Mestiza in the Philippines primarily means a Filipina mixed with Spanish, though it could also mean "mixed with other races".


El vestido tradicional de la Filipina - Spanish Colonial Era


La Mujer Filipina - Spanish Colonial Era

They were called The Spanish Ladies-Señoritas.


El Hombre Filipino - Spanish Colonial Era

They were called The Spanish Gentlemen-Señores.

Manila Carnivals 1908-1939

Perhaps, no other event has piqued the interest and stirred a nation’s imagination more than the fabled Manila Carnivals. Held from 1908-1939, the 2-week fair was organized as a goodwill event to celebrate harmonious U.S.-Philippine relations and to showcase our commercial, industrial and agricultural progress. Spectacular parades, lavish shows, firework displays and the crowning of the Manila Carnival Queen highlighted the "greatest annual event in the Orient".


Remark these are albums in the sub-album "Intramuros & Manila During Spanish Time"

El Carnaval de Manila - Spanish Colonial Era

Manila Carnival was an event that aroused the jealousy of all Asia not only for your show, if not for the parade of your exotic queens. Beautiful young women of Luzon, Visayas or Mindanao arrived in Manila for be proclaimed the most pretty woman of the Philippines Islands.

The video shows also many kind of dresses of that time!
La Casa Filipina and the interior - Spanish Colonial Era

Colonial Houses in the Philippines were the union between Eastern style and Spanish pattern. A home designed in stone in the ground floor in order to fight tropical heat and wood at the top to fight the strong earthquakes that often shook the islands. The furniture inside the house was clearly done by people of mixed race, with garlanded rooms with lamps imported from Spain and beautiful glass cabinets dressed in fine China.
Manila During Spanish Time
Old Spanish-speaking Manila, 2videos
Intramuros - Spanish Colonial Era

Spanish Colonial Age (Golden Age) in the Philippines, Intramural, which is called City of God because of its many convents, churches, schools, houses and streets made with a colonial art which was magnificent at that time. Once it was destroyed in the World War II by the Americans and Japaneses, who were cruel to its population and majestic city. However, nowadays it remains the memories of that which was the Asian Pearl of the Spanish Empire.

Look also HERE
Intramuros: The historical walled city of Manila

Intramuros is a walled city-fortress originally built by the Spaniards in the 1600's. It is a historical monument, almost completely destroyed in World War II, it has been restored and is a must-see for visitors to the Philippines. Intramuros is rich with history and legend.

Look also HERE

Maritime heritage - Museums etc. e.g. Boats

Remark most of the videos in this section are albums in the album "Transport - Maritime - Then & Now, Ferries & Boats - Variety of seacraft"

Look also Cebu Heritage

go to main-overview

AIMS Museo Maritimo
Honor the maritime heritage of our Nation by codifying in words, photographs, arts, and artefacts the historic moments of the Philippines as a maritime landmark and source of excellent seafaring people.

Look also HERE and the Video Philippine Maritime Heritage

Remark this is an album in the album "Transport - Maritime - Then & Now, Ferries & Boats - Variety of seacraft"

Soul Boat and the Boat-Soul

The Soul Boat and the Boat-Soul: An Inquiry into the Indigenous “Soul”

Maria Bernadette L. Abrera, Ph.D. Associate Professor of History, Department of History, UP

This paper will explore the indigenous world view in the Philippines and in particular, the concept of the soul in the animist context, as revealed in the pre-colonial rituals involving the use of the boats.

The Ingenious Filipino Boat - The Balangay
 By FR. Gabriel S. Casal, Eusebio Z. Dizon, Wilfredo P. Ronquillio, Cecilio G. Salcedo
 Kasaysayan Vol. 2: The Earliest Filipinos

names of the different parts of a balangay

Balangay team sails from Sulu to China to retrace maritime heritage
by Zak Yuson May 12, 2017
The mission of the Balangay team is both symbolic and purposeful – rekindle a passion for the seas and our maritime heritage.

Look the video from the article in HD HERE


Philippine adventurers to set sail for China the old way
Nov 1, 2017
Philippine adventurers are planning to sail from Manila to southern China early near year using a wooden replica of an ancient boat in the hopes of boosting national pride in a forgotten maritime prowess. They aim to recreate trade and migration voyages made before Spaniards colonised the Philippines in the 1500s.

Filipinos Set Sail in a Balangay

Voyage of Two Balangays - Diwata Ng Lahi and Masawa Hong Butuan

The Voyage of the Balangay - Book project

Look the full description of the video HERE

Thousands of years ago, the ancestors of the Filipino people, the Austronesian speaking people traveled from the Asian mainland by land bridges across the continental shelf to the South East Asian archipelago. They then sailed onward to as far East as Polynesia, and as far West as Madagascar, aboard the ancient vessel: the Balangay

Look also HERE

The World of Amaya: Unleashing the Karakoa

The reproduction of the traditional warship called the karakoa - a Filipino boat built without nails but was three times faster than a Spanish galleon

Look the logo-photo in the original size HERE

Look also The Flying Karakoa

was a sleek Philippine warship that was smooth and swift in comparison to the Spanish galleons. Father Combes, one of the first Spanish Fryars to document early Philippine history (1667-70) said, "The care and technique with which they build them makes their ships sail like birds, while ours are like lead in comparison."

Butuan Boats

Prehistoric boats were recovered in Butuan, Agusan del Norte in 1978. There are nine existing prehistoric boats.

Look also HERE, look this article as pdf HERE

Forgotten history? The polistas of the Galleon Trade
by/Robert Joseph P. Medillo Jun 19, 2015

'More than just being a route to early economic and cultural exchanges, the route also served as many indios’ path to death'
Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) prepare the country’s nomination for the Manila-Acapulco Galleon Trade Route to the UNESCO World Heritage List.


Maritime museum in Iloilo City

Sunken treasures among others are showcased in the country's first maritime museum in Iloilo City. – ANC, The World Tonight, July 22, 2016
If you have more informations, please send a mail

El Galeon Andalucia - replica

For 250 years, the galleons traveled twice a year from Manila to Acapulco, bringing with them goods from four continents. Silver, pearls, chocolate, porcelain, silk and piña were traded in Philippine and Mexican ports. During those times, from 1565 to 1815, the galleons’ crew was made up of up to eighty percent Filipinos.

Three flags are hoisted over the galleon: the Philippine flag, the red and yellow flag of Spain, and the green and white flag of Andalucía, where the galleon was constructed.

Look also the Videos

El Galeon Andalucia - replica

Visited the Philippines

Remark this is an album in the sub-album "Transport - Maritime - Then & Now, Ferries & Boats - Variety of seacraft"

The Old Biray vessel in Pandan, Caoayan

an abandoned traditional Biray vessel located along the Mestizo River in Caoayan, Ilocos Sur, Northwest Luzon.

The Ayala Museum, Makati City

Boat Gallery

a permanent exhibit of maritime history of local and foreign shops that docked in Philippines. From the ancient 600 B.C.E. old to the present ones, these handcrafted models of Pre-Hispanic, Chinese Junk, Baghlas, Lorchas and Galleons tell the story of ship-building. Check the website for timings.


go to overview

Welcome to Old Manila Walks!

We’re a bunch of passionate, obsessive and saucy ‘street walkers’(!) determined to walk and talk about one thing: the history, the culture and the heritage plus everything over, under, outside, inside this city of our affections - Manila.

Check out this month's schedules. 

PLEASE tell, if you think, a link or video, which we have got and uploaded to our sites is ILLEGAL - wrong, send a message with the link to us and tell WHY, so at once we can erase it.

You are welcome to contact us!

God Bless you & Many regards
The "Balikbayan family-union - AboutPhilippines" far away from the beloved Philippines,
We will forever fight for - defend Human Rights - Freedom for Speech and Press and against Fake News

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