Heritage and History - Page 2 of 2

Ancient Dynasties - Kingdoms and Sultanates of Pre-Colonial Philippines e.g. Maharlika

The Spanish Era

Presidential transport in Philippine history - etc.

Heritage of transport - Etc.

THE OFFICIAL CALENDAR - An Almanac of Philippine Commemorations

The Electoral Almanac - the history of Philippine elections - Etc.
Never forget the roots of your family

Try to imagine, that your grandchildren can´t speak with you in your language......

Learn the family your language, culture and respect the roots!
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Ancient Dynasties - Kingdoms and Sultanates of Pre-Colonial Philippines e.g. Maharlika

The Spanish Era

The Nobles of the Philippines, some of them still exist today

Heritage of Transportation - Etc.

Heritage of Railway systems

Heritage of Tramway systems

Maritime heritage - Museums etc. e.g. Boats

Tartanilla, Kalesa and Carromata

Presidential transport in Philippine history - etc.

THE OFFICIAL CALENDAR - An Almanac of Philippine Commemorations

The Electoral Almanac - the history of Philippine elections - Etc.

Heritage and History - Page 1 with e.g.:

Heritage - general - authorities - etc. and Historical places - etc.

THE OFFICIAL CALENDAR - An Almanac of Philippine Commemorations

The Electoral Almanac - the history of Philippine elections - Etc.

History of the Philippines

First Quarter Storm of 1970, The People Power Revolution, the EDSA Revolutions

Massacres - historical and 1968 - ???

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Ancient Dynasties - Kingdoms and Sultanates of Pre-Colonial Philippines

go to overview

The article covers the history of the Philippines from the creation of the Laguna Copperplate Inscription in 900 to the arrival of European explorer Ferdinand Magellan in 1521, which marks the beginning of the Spanish Colonial period.

History of the Philippines (Before 1521)



Lost Land of Maharlika
March 5, 2014 - with Videos

Only one royal family holds the title for the whole Philippines, Borneo, Guam, Marianas Island, Hawaii, Da Nang Vietnam, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Kuril Islands, etc.
King Luisong ruled the entire kingdom from Luzon [named after him], the northern part of what is now known as The Republic of the Philippines.

The Videos:
TAMA SI MARCOS! President Duterte on the idea of renaming PH to 'MAHARLIKA'
Feb 11, 2019
President Rodrigo Duterte on Monday said the late strongman Ferdinand Marcos was right in wanting to change the Philippines’ name to Maharlika.

Change the name of Philippines ITS NAME IS MORE THAN MAHARLIKA.. Its OPHIR
Philip secret place Feb 12, 2019

Annais Nunez wrote February 23, 2019
Hope someone must inform President that accdg to the book of Antonio Pigafetta the Philippines is called Ophir. The book is a great evidence or reference. Please someone must provide the book to president.
IMPORTANT look above The Philippines: The Biblical land of Ophir?

Duterte agrees with Marcos’ idea of renaming ‘Philippines’ to ‘Maharlika’
Darryl John Esguerra, Orlando Dinoy, Inquirer Mindanao, February 11, 2019

Alejano's unlikely ally: Duterte supports renaming Philippines
Pia Ranada February 11, 2019
President Rodrigo Duterte already has a name in mind for the country: Maharlika. This was the name supported by the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos.

Duterte’s ‘Maharlika’ proposal is from Ferdinand Marcos’ fictitious guerrilla unit
Catalina Ricci S. Madarang February 12, 2019

FALSE: Filipino 'royal family' ruled over pre-colonial 'Maharlika kingdom'
February 15, 2019 - with Video
There are no records that show proof of a pre-colonial Filipino royal family that ruled over a kingdom called Maharlika, which was made up of the Philippines, Brunei, South Borneo, Hawaii, the Spratly Islands, and Sabah
IMPORTANT to read incl. all links in the article


a Filipino term meaning “nobility” or “aristocracy”. Its etymology is rooted from the Sanskrit maharddhika which means “a man of wealth, knowledge, and ability”. During ancient times in the Philippines, the word maharlika referred to the nobility class in Philippine society who are also known to be warriors.

Maharlika and the ancient class system
Paul Morrow 16 January 2009


5 Former Names of the Philippines - Featured History
The Pentalore Jan 14, 2019

We’ll be showing you some of the most and lesser known former names of the Philippines.

Kahariang Tundun or Kaharian ng Tondo

Kingdom of Tondo

Tondo, also referred to as Tundo, Tundun, Tundok, was a Philippine fortified kingdom whose capital is located in the Manila Bay area, specifically north of the Pasig river, on Luzon island

Look also HERE, HERE, HERE, HERE and HERE e.g.

 many links to former kingdoms in the Philippines e.g.

Kingdom of Maynila & Kingdom of Namayan

Rajahante of Cebu

was a classical Philippine state which used to exist on Cebu island prior to the arrival of the Spanish.

Rajah Humabon Rajah Humabon - King of Cebu

Rajah Humabon was the Rajah (King) of Cebu at the time of Portuguese explorer, Ferdinand Magellan's arrival in the Philippines in 1521

look also HERE

A Chronology: The Ilonggo Nation
The surrenderd Ilonggo Nation

the map 1214 up to the early 1900´s

The Federal Republic of the Visayas (1898-1901)


Visaya - Family/Clans

The Sri Vijayan empire: Who are the Visayans and where did they come from?

Look also the below video and the Ancient Goldworking - Treasures


Who are the Visayan?

It is never too late to expand one's knowledge of the past. Embarrassing as it may be to the government that the Bisaya it has tirelessly repressed is indeed descended from the great Sri Vishaya, the pursuit of historical truth justifies itself. If not, then for the sake of our young who can only take so much of self-serving and subjective official Philippine history.

Remark this is an album in the album Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History

Efren B. Isorena

and HERE

Newsletter of the Ilonggo Nation The Federal Republic of the Visayas (1898-1901)

Remark: the links to the different pages in the upper right corner of the site

Princess Urduja

PRINCESS URDUJA: Finding the legendary 14th-century Philippine heroine

Princess Urduja (ca. 1350–1400 AD) is believed to be a legendary warrior princess who is recognized as a heroine in Pangasinan, when Pangasinan was a kingdom. Young, beautiful and well-educated, Princess Urduja was reputed to be a good warrior who had personally led her soldiers to the battlefields.
Look - Download this great article

Princess Urduja: A Symbolic Subversion

Princess Urduja: The Mother of Ibalois?

Have you ever heard of Princess Urduja? If your elementary teacher was like ours, she would have told you about the warrior princess who is believed to have ruled the Kingdom of Tawalisi.

Anyway, there is an ongoing debate whether Urduja ever existed and whether the Kingdom of Tawalisi really is modern day Pangasinan. Incidentally, the province of Pangasinan honors the memory of Urduja by naming its capitol the Urduja Palace and by putting up a statue in her honor.


Ancient Dynasties - Kingdoms Of Pre-Colonial Philippines
May 1, 2013

What was lost, is now found. What was forgotten, is now remembered. - Ano ay nawala, ngayon ay natagpuan. Ano ay nakalimutan, ngayon ay remembered.

The Royal Hashemite Sultanate of Sulu and Sabah

Royal Sultanate of Sulu
the history, flags and symbols sometimes unknown of these Kingdoms.

Historical Flags of Sulu Sultanate


Explainer: The Complex History of PH-Malaysia territorial dispute
Aug 01, 2020 ANC 24/7

The complex history of Sabah and the decades-old territorial dispute between the Philippines and Malaysia.


PH, Malaysia top diplomats in heated exchange over Sabah issue
ABS-CBN News Jul 30 2020
A heated tit-for-tat between the top diplomats of the Philippines and Malaysia amid a long-standing dispute over the territory of Sabah.
Like Manila's foreign affairs secretary, Malacañang also insists Sabah belongs to the Philippines, but the Palace said the territorial row with Malaysia should not affect bilateral ties between the two countries.

Sabah and the West Philippine Sea are ours
September 4, 2020 Mel Sta Maria
'My unsolicited counsel to the President is to listen to his critics. They may be his best advisers in finding a solution to our international problems.'
Sabah and the West Philippines Sea are ours. It is the Duterte administration’s constitutional and moral duty to assert our country’s rights, honor, and dignity.

‘Sabah is not in Malaysia’: When Locsin awakens a sleeping giant
Paterno R. Esmaquel II and Sofia Tomacruz
While an analyst says silence on the Sabah claim ‘is pragmatic,’ all it takes to revive a decades-old controversy is an 80-character tweet
Not even the tough-talking Rodrigo Duterte, the first president from the Philippines’ restive south, dared to mention the “S” word in his meeting with then-Malaysian prime minister Mahathir Mohamad in 2018.

Malaysia rejects PH claim on Sabah through diplomatic note
August 29, 2020Betheena Unite
Malaysia has asserted in a diplomatic note that it “never recognized” the Philippines’ territorial claims over the Malaysian state of Sabah, formerly known as North Borneo.

Malaysia opposes PH claim to Sabah, portion of West PH Sea
August 29, 2020 JC Gotinga
Malaysia insists on its claim to an extended economic shelf that includes a portion of the West Philippine Sea, and which is reckoned from the shores of Sabah

Line of succession of the Sultans of Sulu of the Modern Era
February 26, 2013

List of sultans of Sulu

Jamalul Kiram III

The Spanish Era

go to overview

Relearning the Spanish language will tell us more about our history
Dec 9, 2020 Pippo Carmona

'Relearning Spanish is one of the first steps that Filipino historians can take in order to fully understand the secrets [historical texts] hold'

Philippine History and Politics on Spanish colonization

Look as pdf HERE

The Spanish Era in the Philippines
Spaniards' first 50 years The Spaniards' first 50 years in the Philippines, 1565-1615

Blair & Robertson, The Philippine Islands, volume 3, pp. 141-172.Translation from the Spanish by J.G. Gill.

  Filipino women’s activities, rituals and customs related to sexuality - Spanish Era
Gloria Esguerra Melencio Enero 24, 2018

The paper asks the following questions: What did the Spanish colonizers find out when they first saw the women? How did the Spanish colonizers view the Filipino women through time? What were the Filipino women’s activities, rituals and customs that pertain to sexuality? How did they express their sexual desires? Why were polygamy, concubinage and abortion practiced ? How did the Spanish colonizers wield the Christian Doctrine to conquer the so-called Evils that plague the Filipino women? What was the perception of the Filipino women of the Spanish colonizers?

LOOK the PHOTOS: Underwater Town in the Philippines Reemerges, and It's an Eerie Sight
The ruins of Old Pantabangan Town is an eerie sight.
Mario Alvaro Limos July 31 2020
The historic town of Pantabangan in Nueva Ecija was abandoned in the 1970s when floodwater from the newly created dam submerged the town and its environs.
Residents were forced to relocate on higher ground, but many pieces of heritage were lost to the rising waters. Among them, an 18th-century church whose belfry stood out above the water like the outstretched arm of a drowning relic.
Augustinian missionaries started to propagate the seed of Catholicism in Nueva Ecija then collectively part of Pampanga as early as 17th century in the pueblos of Gapang (Gapan), Santor (Bongabon), Puncan (Carranglan), Pantabangan, Aliaga and Cuyapo,” wrote Baniaga in his Facebook post, describing the history of the church’s ruins.
Let us not take pieces of rocks and bricks as souvenirs. If every visitor to the Old Town would do this, there won’t be anything left to see for the future generations.”

Look the Video and Photos in the album Ruins of Old Pantabangan Town in the album Dams

Spanish Colonial Caste System Spanish Colonial Caste System in the Philippines and the rules of the castes

Indio - persons of pure Filipino ancestry
Negrito - persons of pure Aeta ancestry
Sangley - person of pure Chinese ancestry
Mestizo de Sangley - person of mixed Chinese and Malay ancestry; also called chino and/or chino-mestizo
Mestizo de Bombay - person of mixed Indian and Malay ancestry
Mestizo de Español - person of mixed Spanish and Malay ancestry
Tornatrás - person of mixed Spanish, Malay, and Chinese ancestry
Filipinos - persons of pure Spanish descent born in the Philippines ("from Las Filipinas") also called Insulares ("from the islands") or Criollos (Creoles)
Americanos - persons of pure Spanish descent born in Spanish America ("from the Americas")
Peninsulares - persons of pure Spanish descent born in Spain ("from the peninsula")
Mulato-50% Spanish and 50% black
Morisco-25% black and 75% Spanish
Albino- white pigmented black Negro-full blooded black person


Spanish Colonialism in the Philippines
Oct 10, 2014
What Happened to the Nobles of the Philippines?
From the Count of Manila to the Marquis of Camarines, find out what these nobles are up to today.
Justin Umali Jan 8, 2019
During the Spanish colonial era, kings and queens handed out titles of peerage to exceptional subjects as a reward for their service and loyalty. This was exceptionally true for Spanish subjects in the Philippines, where they were given titles named after places like Manila and Jolo.
These titles were hereditary and were passed on from one generation to the next, and some of them still exist today.

Download the article

Religious Revolt of Hermano Pule

Apolinario de la Cruz (July 22, 1815 – November 4, 1841), known as Hermano Pule, Spanish for "Brother Pule" also spelled Hermano Puli, was a Filipino religious leader who founded and led the Cofradía de San José. The cofradía was established in 1832 in response to the racial discrimination of the Catholic Church in the Philippines. During the Spanish colonial period, Catholic religious orders refused to admit native Filipinos as members. In retaliation, Pule established his own religious order which was exclusive for native Filipinos.

Look also HERE

the Video: Dalit ni Hermano Pule (Lament of Brother Pule)
Feb 1, 2009 Malu Maniquis


History of Hispano - Mexican Filipinas 1521-1898
Historia de la Filipinas Hispana 1521-1898


Governor Generals of the Philippines and the Rulers of Spain

Remark these are 2 albums


The Spanish Influence on Filipino Culture - Language - History etc.

Contributions of Spanish Colonization in the Philippines<


Spanish Philippines: The Colonial Era

Memoria del español filipino


Cultural History of the Philippines: Hispanic Philippines Than We Admit.

An extended meditation on the encounter between the native and the foreign, More Hispanic Than We Admit is a collection of scholarly essays on Philippine culture and history. It recuperates our Spanish past and inspires a continued and lasting engagement with Hispanic Philippines Studies.


Remark: this is a album The Spanish Influence on Filipino Culture - Language - History etc.

Contribution of the Basque men The contribution of the Basque men to the Philippines
Rodríguez, Eulogio B.

Many of the Spaniards who had resided in the Philippines were the Basques (vascuences of vascongados). Although they dit not constitute the biggest group, they were given the smallest tie of racial knowledge; they were known more as Spaniards than as Basques.


Remark these are albums in the album Philippine History

Spanish Philippines: The Colonial Era

Pictures and photographs of the Philippines: people, places, and art during the 18th to 19th century; during Spanish colonial days.


Latin Philippines

Images of old churches and Fort Santiago



Casa Manila

Inside Plaza San Luis, a cultural-commercial complex in Intramuros, is a remarkable house that takes us back in time to experience a principalia’s domestic life in the 1800s.

Welcome to a whole house of a museum
The museum recreates the lifestyle during the colonial period through antique furniture, paintings, lighting fixtures and other objects of decorative art.

Casa Manila is a reconstruction of a Spanish colonial home of the 19th century. Each room is decorated in period style, complete with antique furniture, fixtures, and artwork. Visitors are led from the central courtyard up to a receiving area (where the master held office), and up again to the top floor where the master's family lived, all the way out to the kitchen (complete with authentic cooking utensils of the time), exiting a side door out back to the courtyard again


Remark these are albums in the album Spanish Colonial Era


Mestiza Hispana Filipina - Spanish Colonial Era


Filipina Mestizas of the Past
Leona Lyn Oct 30, 2012
Mestiza in the Philippines primarily means a Filipina mixed with Spanish, though it could also mean "mixed with other races".


El vestido tradicional de la Filipina - Spanish Colonial Era


La Mujer Filipina - Spanish Colonial Era

They were called The Spanish Ladies-Señoritas.


El Hombre Filipino - Spanish Colonial Era

They were called The Spanish Gentlemen-Señores.

Manila Carnivals 1908-1939

Perhaps, no other event has piqued the interest and stirred a nation’s imagination more than the fabled Manila Carnivals. Held from 1908-1939, the 2-week fair was organized as a goodwill event to celebrate harmonious U.S.-Philippine relations and to showcase our commercial, industrial and agricultural progress. Spectacular parades, lavish shows, firework displays and the crowning of the Manila Carnival Queen highlighted the "greatest annual event in the Orient".


Remark these are albums in the album Intramuros & Manila During Spanish Time

El Carnaval de Manila - Spanish Colonial Era

Manila Carnival was an event that aroused the jealousy of all Asia not only for your show, if not for the parade of your exotic queens. Beautiful young women of Luzon, Visayas or Mindanao arrived in Manila for be proclaimed the most pretty woman of the Philippines Islands.

The video shows also many kind of dresses of that time!
La Casa Filipina and the interior - Spanish Colonial Era

Colonial Houses in the Philippines were the union between Eastern style and Spanish pattern. A home designed in stone in the ground floor in order to fight tropical heat and wood at the top to fight the strong earthquakes that often shook the islands. The furniture inside the house was clearly done by people of mixed race, with garlanded rooms with lamps imported from Spain and beautiful glass cabinets dressed in fine China.
Manila During Spanish Time
Old Spanish-speaking Manila, 2videos
Intramuros - Spanish Colonial Era

Spanish Colonial Age (Golden Age) in the Philippines, Intramural, which is called City of God because of its many convents, churches, schools, houses and streets made with a colonial art which was magnificent at that time. Once it was destroyed in the World War II by the Americans and Japaneses, who were cruel to its population and majestic city. However, nowadays it remains the memories of that which was the Asian Pearl of the Spanish Empire.

Look also HERE
Intramuros: The historical walled city of Manila

Intramuros is a walled city-fortress originally built by the Spaniards in the 1600's. It is a historical monument, almost completely destroyed in World War II, it has been restored and is a must-see for visitors to the Philippines. Intramuros is rich with history and legend.

Look also HERE

Sold like slaves, $2 per head
Ramon J. Farolan February 08, 2021

The month of February 1899 was a critical period in the history of our nation. It was on Feb. 6 of that year that the Treaty of Paris ending the Spanish-American War was ratified by the US Senate. It marked the end of the Spanish empire and the beginning of the United States as a world power.

The Matter of the Philippines

Heritage of Transportation - Etc.

Look also Transport around in and to the Philippines

go to Main-overview

Transportation history of the Philippines

The various forms of transportation in the Philippines from the past and up to now.


"Ang Mga Dating Transportasyon Sa Maynila"
Tinig PH Feb 25, 2019

The old transportations around Metro Manila.

Heritage of Railway systems

Remark the videos in this section are albums in the album Railways, Now & Then - PHILIPPINE rail system

go to overview

The Heritage of Cebu

Reminiscing Cebu’s old railway system



History of the railway in Cebu

An episode tackling the history of Cebu through tracing its railway. Host: Archaeologist and Professor Jojo Bersales.


Cebu Train Station


All in the album Railways, Now & Then - PHILIPPINE rail system


‘Daang Bakal’
Dec 2, 2016
Sinasabing kung ninanais mong magtayo ng lipunan, kailangan mo munang maglaan ng oras na magpagawa ng daan na bakal. Ayon sa mga mananakop na Kastila noon, ang daang bakal daw umano ay daanan ng pagbabago. Ngunit sa kasalukuyan, ano na nga ba ang kinahinatnan ng riles ng tren na naging piping saksi ng digmaan?
Halina’t alamin sa ulat ni Kara David kung hanggang saan nga ba ang narating ng pagbabago gamit ang itinatag na daang bakal at ano na nga bang ginawa ng mga tao upang pangalagaan ang makasaysayang riles na ito.

PNR - From The Glory Days

From The Glory Days, Deterioration and Beginning Of Ressurection of one of the Asia's First Railway System

On November 24, 1892, the first railroad line in the Philippines was opened. It covered a distance of 195.4 kilometers from Manila to Dagupan.
Cover photo: Spanish-Filipino civilians on the Manila-Dagupan line. It was called Ferrocarril de Manila a Dagupan.


El tren de Manila
fonsucu May 20, 2018

This website aims to link the many Philippine related websites and forums run by the 'Philippine Railway Historical Society

Look much more HERE

Cebu Heritage Historical Transport Videos & Photos from Cebu
Philippine Railway Historical Society - PRHS

This site was set up to share photos, historical pieces, comment and virtually anything else pertaining to transportation in the Philippines, with a special emphasis on rail.

The Facebook

The Railways and Industrial Heritage Society of the Philippines
Panay Railways

Panay Railways

Steam Locomotives in Philippines
Dinosaurs Once Roam This Land

Steam locomotives or Iron Dinosaurs as we call them were used to transport harvested sugarcane from the fields to the sugar centrals for milling.

Time has passed over the island and taken away the experience and left broken tracks and blocked boilers. The chapter of sugar cane lines has almost come to an end.

Iron Dinosaur

that was use in Sugar Mill in the province of Negros

Philippine Sugar Cane Railways

Many great photos

Sugar Railways on Negros

About Philippines says: One of the best articles about the subject


Sugar cane train in Negros

Diesel and Steam Loco are used.

Filmed in Jan, 1997 - michinoku - Hong Kong

First part is Victorias Millings with diesel locos, and second part is at La Carlota with steam loco.

Steam in Negros

Look the article with photos as pdf HERE

Iron Dinosaurs of Negros, Philippines - Or Steam trains to others

Negros Railways
Victorias Milling Company, vintage pictures from 1989

Train relic

Train relic in Luisita, San Miguel, Tarlac

Uploaded by hilldenny Jun 2, 2011: The only information I have found about the train is that it was used back in the 1960s to deliver sugar cane. It's nice that they kept it and put it on display. I doubt if there are many examples of 60s trains anywhere in the world. - Just be patient and look the whole video

Steam engines in the Philippines

some like Thomas and friends and some the others

Bulacan's Old Brick Train Stations : Reminders of A Century Past
December 14, 2017

Before the advent of all light rail transits in the metro (MRT 3, LRT1, LRT2, MRT 7), there was the Ferrocaril de Manila-Dagupan first, a heavy railway that runs from Tutuban in Manila all the way to Dagupan, Pangasinan. This railway was opened during the latter part of the Spanish Occupation in November 1892, just when the revolution against the Spanish authority is about to break out.

Look this great article as

Old Train Station, Guiguinto, Bulacan

The Estacion de Guiguinto, Guiguinto Train Station It was upon this site that the Katipuneros, Filipino guerillas during the Spanish Regime ambushed a train from Dagupan.

Built sometime in 1896, the Estacion de Guiguinto (Guiguinto Old Train Station) of the Philippine National Railways is the town's most acclaimed historical landmark and heritage site. It was upon this site that around 200 Katipuneros fought for the cause of Filipino freedom led by Capt. Inocencio Tolentino. They ambushed a group of Spaniards on the night of 27 May 1898, including the parish friar of Guiguinto, Fr. Leocadio Sanchez, who brought cruelty to the natives in his regime. The incident inspired Severino Reyes to author one of the most famous zarzuela in the country "Walang Sugat" which was later made into a movie in 1939 and 1957.

Look also Guiguinto Old Train Station and post in the Facebook

Corregidor Railway System

Tony Feredo

Look also below about the tramway

Las Estaciones Ferrocarril Manila-Dagupan

Text in English and many photos

Manuél Máximo Nóche Lopez del Castíllo

Heritage Conservation Society Many photos and informations of ‘Railroad Stations’

Old Railway Bridges

Heritage of Tramway systems

go to overview


Tranvías manileños

by fonsucu Jul 12, 2018
Fotos: Antiguos tranvías de Manila

Manila's Long-Lost 'Tranvias' Once the Envy of Asia
Adrian Gamble March 10, 2017

Tranvia in Manila
Collection by Geia de la Peña


Ralph Forty

Look also above about the railway

Maritime heritage - Museums etc. e.g. Boats

Remark most of the videos in this section are albums in the album Transport - Maritime - Then & Now, Ferries & Boats - Variety of seacraft

go to main-overview

AIMS Museo Maritimo
Honor the maritime heritage of our Nation by codifying in words, photographs, arts, and artefacts the historic moments of the Philippines as a maritime landmark and source of excellent seafaring people.

Look also HERE

Video Philippine Maritime Heritage

Remark this is an album in the album "Transport - Maritime - Then & Now, Ferries & Boats - Variety of seacraft"

Soul Boat and the Boat-Soul

The Soul Boat and the Boat-Soul: An Inquiry into the Indigenous “Soul”

Maria Bernadette L. Abrera, Ph.D. Associate Professor of History, Department of History, UP

This paper will explore the indigenous world view in the Philippines and in particular, the concept of the soul in the animist context, as revealed in the pre-colonial rituals involving the use of the boats.

The Ingenious Filipino Boat - The Balangay
 FR. Gabriel S. Casal, Eusebio Z. Dizon, Wilfredo P. Ronquillio, Cecilio G. Salcedo
 Kasaysayan Vol. 2: The Earliest Filipinos

names of the different parts of a balangay

Balangay team sails from Sulu to China to retrace maritime heritage
by Zak Yuson May 12, 2017
The mission of the Balangay team is both symbolic and purposeful – rekindle a passion for the seas and our maritime heritage.

Look the video from the article in HD HERE


Philippine adventurers to set sail for China the old way
Nov 1, 2017
Philippine adventurers are planning to sail from Manila to southern China early near year using a wooden replica of an ancient boat in the hopes of boosting national pride in a forgotten maritime prowess. They aim to recreate trade and migration voyages made before Spaniards colonised the Philippines in the 1500s.

Filipinos Set Sail in a Balangay

Voyage of Two Balangays - Diwata Ng Lahi and Masawa Hong Butuan

The Voyage of the Balangay - Book project

Look the full description of the video

Thousands of years ago, the ancestors of the Filipino people, the Austronesian speaking people traveled from the Asian mainland by land bridges across the continental shelf to the South East Asian archipelago. They then sailed onward to as far East as Polynesia, and as far West as Madagascar, aboard the ancient vessel: the Balangay

Look also HERE

The World of Amaya: Unleashing the Karakoa

The reproduction of the traditional warship called the karakoa - a Filipino boat built without nails but was three times faster than a Spanish galleon

Look the logo-photo in the original size HERE

The Flying Karakoa

was a sleek Philippine warship that was smooth and swift in comparison to the Spanish galleons. Father Combes, one of the first Spanish Fryars to document early Philippine history (1667-70) said, "The care and technique with which they build them makes their ships sail like birds, while ours are like lead in comparison."

Butuan Boats

Prehistoric boats were recovered in Butuan, Agusan del Norte in 1978. There are nine existing prehistoric boats.

Look also HERE, look this article as pdf HERE


Maritime museum in Iloilo City

Sunken treasures among others are showcased in the country's first maritime museum in Iloilo City. – ANC, The World Tonight, July 22, 2016
If you have more informations, please send a mail

Forgotten history? The polistas of the Galleon Trade
Robert Joseph P. Medillo Jun 19, 2015

'More than just being a route to early economic and cultural exchanges, the route also served as many indios’ path to death'
Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) prepare the country’s nomination for the Manila-Acapulco Galleon Trade Route to the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Today in Philippine History, September 14, 1815, the galleon trade between the Philippines and Mexico ended
On September 14, 1815, the galleon trade between the Philippines and Mexico ended a few years before Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821. The Spanish Crown took direct control of the country, and was governed directly from Madrid. The opening of the Suez Canal and the invention of steam ships, which reduced the travel time from Spain to the Philippines to 40 days, made this more manageable.

Manila galleon
Without a doubt one of the most famous episodes of the story of the New Spain concerns the Galleon of Manila, also known as the Nao of China. It was a vessel that, once a year, linked the ports of Manila and Acapulco, carrying in its hold silk, porcelain, spices, fine woods, lacquer, carpets, folding screens and vases from Asia, or gold and silver from America, as well as diverse goods from Europe.

Manila-Acapulco galleons
Dennis Bryant February 10, 2012
Treasure ships plying the Pacific for 250 years.

Manila galleon, Spanish sailing vessel
that made an annual round trip (one vessel per year) across the Pacific between Manila, in the Philippines, and Acapulco, in present Mexico, during the period 1565–1815. They were the sole means of communication between Spain and its Philippine colony and served as an economic lifeline for the Spaniards in Manila.

El Galeon Andalucia - replica

For 250 years, the galleons traveled twice a year from Manila to Acapulco, bringing with them goods from four continents. Silver, pearls, chocolate, porcelain, silk and piña were traded in Philippine and Mexican ports. During those times, from 1565 to 1815, the galleons’ crew was made up of up to eighty percent Filipinos.

Three flags are hoisted over the galleon: the Philippine flag, the red and yellow flag of Spain, and the green and white flag of Andalucía, where the galleon was constructed.

The Videos

El Galeon Andalucia - replica

Visited the Philippines

Remark this is an album in the album Transport - Maritime - Then & Now, Ferries & Boats - Variety of seacraft

The Old Biray vessel in Pandan, Caoayan

an abandoned traditional Biray vessel located along the Mestizo River in Caoayan, Ilocos Sur, Northwest Luzon.

The Ayala Museum, Makati City

Boat Gallery

a permanent exhibit of maritime history of local and foreign shops that docked in Philippines. From the ancient 600 B.C.E. old to the present ones, these handcrafted models of Pre-Hispanic, Chinese Junk, Baghlas, Lorchas and Galleons tell the story of ship-building. Check the website for timings.


History of the Maritime Industry of Cebu

KABILIN Apr 1, 2013

Look also HERE

Kalesa, Tartanilla and Carromata

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Difference between What is the difference between tartanilla - karatela (kalesa – calesa) and Carromata (Karomata)

Kalesa or calesa (sometimes called a karitela) is a horse-driven calash (carriage)


Kalesa (Calesa - Karitela) - Tartanilla and Carromata (Karomata)

e.g. Is the Tartanilla a fading lifestyle in Cebu

Cebu is the only city in the Philippines that has it's own unique structure of horse drawn carriage. A popular and cheap mode of transportation for local Cebuanos and tourists who want a fun experience and an opportunity befriend the local people....The Tartanilla has been around since the 1850's. Mar 16, 2016

Obra de Mano
Sep 15, 2017
A look at the current condition of San Fernando City’s horse-drawn carriages industry


Festivals - Kalesa (Calesa - Karitela) - Tartanilla and Carromata (Karomata)

Kalesa festivals and preparation

Horse Festival sa Bulacan, dinayo ng UH barkada!
Aired: December 29, 2016

Remark this is an album in the album Festivals

When the Calesa Rule the Streets of Manila

Look the article as pdf HERE

Kalesa, the 18th Centuries Rolls Royce

Kalesa tours around Intramuros in Manila are a must!

Riding The Philippine ‘Calesa’ and Business

Public Order and Safety, Traffic and Zoning Code, Tartanilla

KALESA Original version + Sylvia La Torre

"Kalesa" was composed by A. Del Rosario and its lyrics were written by Levi Celerio. Later on, Levi Celerio collaborated with Prof. Ernani Cuenco and produced another version of "Kalesa" which gained much publicity due to the Professor's popularity and status in the society.

Remark this is an album in the album Musical Instruments & Music - Opera, Songs, Choirs & Music ensembles


Mi carreta filipina

Mar 12, 2016

Remark this is an album in the album Transportation & Guides - "PHILIPPINE-STYLE"

Presidential transport - Etc.

All Videos in this section are in the album Presidential transport

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Presidential cars in Philippine history
May 15, 2016 - Jul 12, 2016


Duterte wants to use pickup truck as official presidential vehicle - DZMM TeleRadyo, 16 April 2016

Look descriptions on the videos or HERE

11 Historic Philippine Presidential Cars We Love

IN PHOTOS: Cars used by Philippine presidents now on display
August 19, 2018
Check out the Chrysler Crown Imperial Limousine used by Elpidio Quirino, the Willys Jeep used by Ramon Magsaysay, and more in this first-of-its-kind museum

The Vice President of the Philippines generally rides in a Mercedes Benz W140 S-Class
Presidential yachts

from 1921 to the present BRP Ang Pangulo, renamed to BRP Pag-asa (AT-25)

Duterte orders Navy to convert presidential yacht into coronavirus hospital
Sofia Tomacruz April 04, 2020
President Rodrigo Duterte wants the Philippine Navy to run the planned hospital yacht

LOOK: Philippines' presidential yacht set to take in coronavirus patients
April 12, 2020
BRP Ang Pangulo can accommodate 28 patients and 5 medical personnel, says the Philippine Navy

Novel Coronavirus Outbreak

The Videos

The President Duterte reminded soldiers of his promise to sell the presidential ship BRP Ang Pangulo.
Pia Ranada July 21, 2016. Look down the site to 'Improved AFP hospital'
Duterte said he planned to sell the ship in order to rebuild the AFP Medical Center, also known as V. Luna General Hospital

P2-billion jet for Duterte, military arrives in the Philippines
September 22, 2020 Rambo Talabong

The P2 billion ($37 million*) worth G280 Gulfstream jet meant to be used by President Rodrigo Duterte, the Cabinet, and top military officers has been turned over to the Philippine government.

The Presidential Planes during the history

The Air Force's 250th Presidential Airlift Wing provides air mobility to the President as well as the first family, visiting dignitaries, and VIPs.

When the President travels outside of the country, aircraft from Philippine Airlines are usually chartered. The call sign PR001 is used to represent an aircraft operated by Philippine Airlines to transport the President.

The fleet includes: 1 Fokker F28, which is primarily used for the President's domestic trips and it is also called Kalayaan ("Freedom") One when the President is on board, 1 Fokker F27 aircraft, 4 Bell 412 helicopters, 3 Sikorsky S-76 helicopters, and 1 Sikorsky S-70A-5 Black Hawk. On October 2019, the government purchased a Gulfstream G280 aircraft for use by the President and other senior officials, and is set for delivery by 2020.

The Videos

The fleet during the years

Marcos-era presidential jet to get replacement
October 08, 2019 Gilbert P. Felongco
‘Kalayaan’ to be replaced by more modern Gulfstream executive aircraft

Duterte wants to turn presidential plane into 'air ambulance'
by Pia Ranada August 08, 2016
The President says he doesn't mind giving up the presidential plane because he is already 'comfortable' using commercial flights or small jets

THE OFFICIAL CALENDAR - An Almanac of Philippine Commemorations

The Electoral Almanac - the history of Philippine elections - Etc.

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of the Republic of the Philippines

An Almanac of Philippine Commemorations

For the past four years, the Presidential Communications Development and Strategic PlanningOffice (PCDSPO) has, as part of its mandate, led the preservation and curatorship of the institutional memory of the Philippine presidency; it has also stood at the forefront of sustaining interest and curiosity about the story of the Filipino people. The PCDSPO has achieved all this in so short a time by taking advantage of and continually improving upon the marriage of new technologies and standby resources-historical papers, photo collections, monographs and articles and textbooks.

The Philippine Electoral Almanac
This book traces the history of Philippine elections. Leading up to the present day, it explores the intricate relationship, in a democracy, between the President and Congress; analyzes the partnerships established between political parties and personalities; fleshes out the history of political coalitions; and details every Philippine national referendum held to date.

Look also HERE

History repeats itself: Senate had mace-chase almost 30 years ago
Camille Elemia and Jee Geronimo July 25, 2018

In 1991, a controversial coup that sought to oust then Senate president Jovito Salonga triggered a childish mace-chase in the chamber.


God Bless you & Many regards
"A Balikbayan family"
far away from the beloved Philippines

We will forever fight for - defend Human Rights - Freedom for Speech and Press and against Fake News

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