Culture - etc. - Page 2 of 3

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Babaylan, Healers, Mythology, Legends, Folktales, Superstitions, Refugees, Etc.

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Cemeteries - Etc. & Heritage Ancient Death, Funeral, Burial, Etc.

and much more!
Never forget the roots of your family

Try to imagine, that your grandchildren can´t speak with you in your language......

Learn the family your language, culture and respect the roots!

When Power insists, "you're either with us or against us," the space for a diversity of voices and ideas shrinks.
'The government is for all and not just those who agree with the policies of the administration'
When democracy is attacked, the first casualty is the truth
The government bans - blocks in all ways for all critics!

God Bless you & Many regards
The Balikbayan family
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Religions - Etc.

Christian Media - Etc. e.g. Radio- and TV-stations - Etc.



Etiquette, Do's and Don't's in every way and situations - Etc.

Culture - Etc.

Babaylan culture

Healers and Healing

Heritage Ancient Death, Funeral, Burial and the Dead

Mythology - Legends - Fables - Folktales

the Ghost Month

Beliefs - Superstitions - Amulets - Etc.

Haunted Houses - Places - Etc.

Present Houses, Property, Etc. architecture - Etc.

Land Reclamation

Energy sources - Etc.

Laws - Building, Housing, Fire, Real Estate, Property rights, Inheritance of property - Etc.

Cemeteries - Etc.

Filipino Traditional Games - Etc

Martial arts

Orders, decorations, and medals

Organizations - Networks, etc.

Veterinarians - Etc., Pet-animals, Animal transport - Etc.

Other ethnic Cultural centers in the Philippines


Why the PH is a safe haven for refugees - Etc.

The history of the former "Philippine Refugee Centers" and "The Boat People" in the Philippines - Etc.

P.F.A.C. - the Vietnamese Refugee Camp (V.R.C.) in Palawan

Look also about the Culture - Etc.:

The Philippine Culture, main page about the culture e.g.:

Daily life, work - etc.

Elderly Care and Laws -  Rights - Etc.


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Palace lists down 2021 holidays
August 3, 2020 - Argyll Cyrus B. Geducos, Analou De Vera, Hannah Torregoza, and Rey G. Panaligan

With most vacation plans for this year foiled by the COVID-19 pandemic, families and friends may now start planning their vacations for next year - should the health situation improve - as Malacañang released the list of holidays for the year 2021 .

“Religions for Peace” pledge concrete actions for common good of mankind
Robin Gomes 24 August 2019

Religion peace assembly declaration common good

Religious leaders urge gov't, NDF: Seek peace and pursue it
June 30, 2018

The Philippine Ecumenical Peace Platform encourages both government and the National Democratic Front to 'open the doors to dialogue'

Religions - Etc.

IMPORTANT look also:
The Catholic church in the Philippine culture

Muslim culture general and laws

Remark most of the videos in this section are albums in the album Religious beliefs - etc. outside the Roman Catholic Church

go to overview

Religions in the Philippines

Religion in the Philippines holds a central place in the life of most Filipinos, including Catholics, Muslims, Buddhists, Protestants, and animists.

Freedom of religion in the Philippines

Religion in the Philippines
Jack Miller

Religion, Culture and Politics
Paul-François Tremlett

After the 2015 controversies: What's been happening inside the Iglesia ni Cristo?
Jodesz Gavilan July 27, 2019
For the INC's 105th anniversary on July 27, Rappler speaks with members, both active and inactive, who talk about changes – some of them painful – in their church

Key figures in the 2015 Iglesia ni Cristo controversy: Where are they now?
Jodesz Gavilan July 27, 2019
Personalities involved in the 2015 controversy that hit the influential religious group are detained, granted refugee status, or in hiding except for the INC executive minister.

Lifting the veil of the Catholic Church and the Iglesia ni Cristo
November 05, 2017 - with Video
The Catholic Church and the Iglesia ni Cristo are often left unchecked because of how they are revered as institutions. Rappler has pursued investigations of alleged abuses.


primarily a movement of willing abstinence or reduction from some or all food, drink, or both, for a period of time.

Religious views

M. A. Adiova Music, Dance, and Negotiations of Identity in the Religious Festivals of Bicol
Marilyne Antonette Adiova 2014

The  Video "Tinagba Gayon" Bicol Festival - Aug 14, 2015.


Professor Susan Russell

The World Evangelical Alliance (WEA)
is a global organization of evangelical Christian churches, serving more than 600 million evangelicals

Filipino appointed as the first Global Ambassador of the World Evangelical Alliance
February 26, 2021 Leslie Aquino
A Filipino will be the first Global Ambassador of the World Evangelical Alliance (WEA).

PH education: Allergic to religion?

Fritzie Rodriguez Jan 13, 2015

In a predominantly Catholic Philippines, how do young Filipinos develop an understanding of religion?

The National Council of Churches in the Philippines (NCCP)
a fellowship of ten mainline Protestant and non Roman Catholic Churches in the Philippines denominations, and ten service-oriented organizations in the Philippines
Iglesia Filipina Independiente, IFI - Philippine Independent Church

It is also known as the Aglipayan Church

The Iglesia Filipina Independiente was formed in the beginning of the twentieth century as part of the broad nationalist struggle against Spanish colonialism and American imperialism. It traces its origin from the struggle of the Filipino clergy against racial discrimination and friar domination within the Roman Church in the 19th century, which, consequently, transformed into a nationalist crusade for the absolute Filipinization of the Church in the twilight years of the 20th century.

Fr. Gregorio Aglipay played an important role in the revolutionary war to overthrow Spanish rule and in the struggle for the Filipinization of the Church. In his capacity as Military Vicar of the Revolutionary Government, he gathered Filipino priests to a special meeting on October 1898 to lay down the organizational foundation of the Filipino Church.

Catholic, Aglipayan churches issue statement on mutual recognition of baptism
August 3, 2021 Leslie Ann Aquino
The Philippine Catholic Church and the Iglesia Filipina Independiente, IFI vowed to continue the healing process of fractured relationships between the two churches.

look also HERE

The Videos

PRODEO ET PATRIA's Heritage of Iglesia Filipina Independiente
History of Philippine Iglesia
Iglesia Filipina Independiente History
The Revolutionary & Filipino Church - part 1 - 9
From the Municipality of Pilar, Bantayan Island to Metro Cebu, know more about Iglesia Filipina Independiente.
Theme song Iglesia Filipina Independiente and Holy Mass - Tagalog Songs Lyrics
KKK Movement, Revolutionaries and Philippine Independent Church

The Spanish authorities confirmed the existence of the Katipunan on 19 August 1896. Hundreds of Filipino suspects, both innocent and guilty, were arrested and imprisoned for treason. Forced labor repressive policies and the struggle for independence, Secularization were main causes of their revolts.

Apostolic Catholic Church of Our Beloved Ingkong

The Apostolic Catholic Church has a patriarchate similar to Eastern Orthodox churches; located in Hermosa, Bataan, Philippines.

Look also HERE

His Holiness Pope Francis meets with His Holiness Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All Russia

in Cuba, where the Pope makes a stop on his way to Mexico, and where the Patriarch is on an official visit. The meeting includes a personal conversation at Havana’s José Martí International Airport, and concludes with the signing of a joint declaration. Streamed live 2016.02.12.

The Video


5 Differences Between the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church

Q&A: What is the difference between the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Oriental Orthodox Church?

Liturgical comparison: Orthodox vs Catholic

Comparison of Catholic and Orthodox Liturgical Practices

Traditions comparison: Roman Catholic vs Orthodox

Philippine Orthodox Church

look also HERE, HERE and HERE


The Annunciation of the Theotokos Orthodox Cathedral

is a parish of the Orthodox Metropolitanate of Hong Kong and All–Southeast Asia under the jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate. It is currently the only full Orthodox parish in Metro Manila.

The Videos

The Annunciation Orthodox Church of Manila

Veneration of the Holy Gospel. Look the full description of the video HERE

Easter 2011


Mission Churches of the Anglican Church in the Philippines Inc., ACP

in Visayas and Mindanao.


Look also HERE

The Iglesia ni Cristo Tagalog for Church of Christ; also known as INC, or Iglesia, formerly Iglesya ni Kristo

MAP: Iglesia ni Cristo in the Philippines
by/Michael Bueza July 26, 2014
How many are the INC followers rejoicing in their church's centennial anniversary, and where are they located?

Commemoration of the Founding Anniversary of Iglesia ni Cristo Act
July 27 of every year is hereby declared as a special national working holiday in commemoration of the founding anniversary of the Iglesia ni Cristo in the Philippines.


The Videos

The Iglesia ni Cristo: The INC Today Jul 28, 2013
Templo Central

Landmarks, Net 25's travel and history show aired an special episode regarding the largest house of worship of the Iglesia Ni Cristo, which is called the Templo Central, in celebration of the Iglesia Ni Cristo's centennial year. For those who missed it, here's a special video of the said special episode. Jul 16, 2014

United Church of Christ in the Philippines - UCCP

a Christian denomination. Established in its present form in Malate, Manila, it resulted from the merger of the Evangelical Church of the Philippines, the Philippine Methodist Church, the Disciples of Christ, the United Evangelical Church and several independent congregations.

Huge Christian church hits Duterte, says PH 'in sickbed'
by Paterno Esmaquel II July 23, 2018 - with Video
'The nation is now in sickbed and our people are in distress,' says the Council of Bishops of the United Church of Christ in the Philippines

The Videos:

United Church of Christ in the Philippines

The history 1898 to 1988:

Part 1: UCCP Historical Sketch covering the years 1898 to 1947
Part 2: The Declaration of Union 1948-1968
Part 3: UCCP Historical Sketch covering the years 1972 to 1988

Iglesia Evangelica Metodista en las Islas Filipinas

Iglesia Evangelica Metodista en las Islas Filipinas, IEMELIF, Evangelical Methodist Church of the Philippine Islands was founded February 28, 1909 by Bishop Nicholas Zamora. It is the first Indigenous Evangelical Church in the Philippines.

Episcopal Church in the Philippines

Episcopal Relief & Development

The Video

Who Are We?

This is a video that gives a humurous look into The Episcopal Church from a loving perspective. We love our denomination without taking anything from our fellow brothers and sisters in Christ.

Bell Church - Baguio

exotic oriental architecture, temple priest practices a mixture of Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism and Christianity, you can try having your fortune told

Look also HERE

Members Church of God International - MCGI

a Christian organization with headquarters in the Philippines. The international religious organization that is Members Church of God International, MGCI started with just a small group of Filipino believers in Northern Philippines. It is more known locally as Ang Dating Daan, The Old Path. From less than a hundred believers, Church members and locales the outcome of the group’s zealous efforts in evangelization.

The Video

World's Largest Gospel Choir - Ang Dating Daan Chorale

Remark this is an album in the album "Opera & Choir Ensembles"

Unitarian Universalist Church of the Philippines
National Council of Churches in the Philippines, NCCP

Sanguniang Pambansa ng mga Simbahan sa Pilipinas

is a fellowship of ten mainline Protestant and non Roman Catholic Churches in the Philippines denominations, and ten service-oriented organizations in the Philippines.

The Metropolitan Community Church, MCC

also known as the Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches, UFMCC, is an Ecumenical Christian Church for ALL people. The Fellowship has a specific outreach to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender families and communities.
MCC believes that homosexuality is not a sin. Find out the truth about homosexuality and what the scripture says about it.

The Video

and the article A Christian church embraces the LGBT community
George P. Moya Jun 24, 2015

Look about LGBT in the Philippines


is a community believers of Jesus Christ that ministers to the LGBT community in the Philippines and in Asia. A safe space to worship, evangelize and discipleship. We advocate Marriage Equality in the Philippines.


OMF International Philippines

(formerly Overseas Missionary Fellowship and before 1964 the China Inland Mission) is an international and interdenominational Protestant Christian missionary society

Look also HERE



Protestantism in the Philippines
Grace Christian Church of the Philippines, GCCP

is an Evangelical Bible Church in Metro Manila.

New Apostolic Church, NAC


The Jewish Community of the Philippines

Beit Yaacov Synagogue is located in the heart of Metro Manila. It is the only Synagogue in the Philippines. It is Sephardic and caters to Jews of all backgrounds.

Look also HERE

The Videos:

The Jewish Community of the Philippines

Synagogue slide-show

Jewish Life e.g. education in the Philippines

Jewish Funerals, Burial, and Mourning

Look also HERE

Jewish Funeral Customs: Saying Goodbye to a Loved One

The Salvation Army in The Philippines
Baptist Churches
Central United Methodist Church

Look also HERE

Methodist Churches

The Video:

History of the UMC in the Philippines

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints

The Mormon church

look also HERE

The Videos

Manila Temple - Cebu City Temple

Cebu City Temple

is the 133rd operating temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, LDS Church. Located in Lahug in Cebu City, it is the second LDS temple in the Philippines.

Look more HERE

Gospel Ministry of the Holy Spirit for Salvation
Buddhism In The Philippines

Shravasti Dhammika

look also HERE

Buddhist Temple - Manila Chinatown
The Chinese Cemetery in Manila

As you enter the cemetery, you will see the oldest Chinese temple in Manila, the Chong Hock Tong Temple. If you are into recent history, then you should be glad to see the Liat See Tong or the Martyrs Hall in the Manila Chinese Cemetery.
Although you might expect that the Manila Chinese Cemetery is only for the Chinese, you will be surprised when you walk around that there are also Filipino-Chinese leaders and heroes buried in the place.

Look also HERE and HERE

The Videos

Inside the tombs of the Chinese Cemetery in Manila

and The Spectacular Chinese Cemetery in Manila


The Chu Un Temple, Cebu

is the first temple established in the Philippines through the leadership of Venerable Master Yung Guang. Chu Un Temple is one of the temple hosting BLIA an organization in which Humanistic Buddhism is practiced in our everyday life.
The Chu Un temple in Cebu, with its colorful history, is also a great example of Chinese Architecture and a symbol of faith.
A temple is a place where devotees of definite religious conviction approached to reverence, provide admirations and presents to their supernatural being, or divinities. Temples ended the world work for as a sanctified home for get-together and rejoicing celebrations for their blessed ones.

Look more HERE


or Daoism refers to a variety of related philosophical and religious traditions that have influenced also the Philippines

Look about Tao HERE and about:

Feng shui or fengshui is a Chinese philosophical system of harmonizing everyone with the surrounding environment.
It is closely linked to Taoism.

and look too the below links and videos


Taoist Temple is located in Beverly Hills, Cebu City

Remark this is an album in the album about Cebu - More than the usual in the album Great Places to Visit

Pressure mounts to save unique Taoist temple in Manila
Heritage advocates oppose the lifting of its status as an Important Cultural Property as this may lead to its demolition
Edgar Allan M. Sembrano February 15, 2021

In early January, the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) received a letter-petition to lift the Important Cultural Property (ICP) status of the Pao Ong Hu Taoist Temple located behind Nuestra Señora de los Desamparados in Sta. Ana, Manila, on grounds that its declaration in 2016 was done without due process as there was no public hearing undertaken prior to its ICP designation.

Santa Ana’s Pao Ong Hu Taoist temple is in danger of losing its Important Cultural Property status
January 11, 2021
Being an Important Cultural Property protects assets from damage, modification and demolition under the National Cultural Heritage Law

What is Ghost Month? 5 things you need to know
August 22, 2017

Every year, Ghost Month affects wedding dates, business deals, and even the Philippine stock market – here's what you need to know to fend off bad luck.
Every year around August, Feng Shui experts warn us against a slew of activities, lest misfortunes happen.
The annual Ghost Month affects more aspects of your life than you think, having a hand in business openings, the Philippine stock market, and even wedding plans.

Want to stay lucky on ghost month? Wear red panties
ABS-CBN News Updated Aug 10 2015
MANILA – Wearing red underwear may ward off spirits during the so-called ghost month, a feng shui expert said.

Hinduism in the Philippines

at kartar Indian Sikh temple
Brgy San Rafael, 4000 San Pablo city, Laguna

The Video Opening Ceremony of Sat kartar Indian Sikh temple SEP 8, 2013

Khalsa Diwan Sikh Temple, Manila

and HERE

Bahá'í Faith

Read also HERE

Christian Media - Etc. e.g. Radio- and TV-stations - Etc.

Remark most of the videos in this section are albums  in the album Christian Radio & TV stations in the album Radio & TV systems, etc.
in the album Newspapers - Magazines - Etc. - All on-line

Look also News agencies specializing in covering the Pope and the Vatican

go to main-overview

Healing Eucharist Inc.

became the new legal entity of The Healing Eucharist TV Mass, aired every Sunday at 6am to 7am, over ABS-CBN

Radio Veritas Asia, RVA
the non-commercial Catholic shortwave station broadcasting to Asia. It is based in Quezon City, Philippines, and is owned by the Philippine Radio Educational and Information Center, which previously owned the original Radio Veritas


Radio Veritas in Manila marks 50 years
Robin Gomes 09 April 2019
Based in the Philippines, Radio Veritas was inaugurated on April 11, 1969, with its first broadcast from its facility in Fairview, Quezon City.
Today, RVA deals with 18 languages of Asia.

Catholic Media Network, also known as CMN

CMN was previously known as Philippine Federation of Catholic Broadcasters, PFBC. The radio network was owned and operated by different Catholic broadcast media corporations. The name was changed to the Catholic Media Network to suit the network's mission.

CMN content varies depending on the station from which it is being broadcast. Stations broadcast news, sports, radio drama, and other programs. As a network, CMN's mission statement is to use community-based broadcasting to promote New Evangelizing and human development. Content is pro-life, catholic, and community oriented

Radio Maria - Philippines

a non-profit, non-commercial Catholic radio station seeks to inspire its listeners to an active practice of faith by

fostering devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary
promoting prayer
providing Human and Christian formation programs
encouraging volunterism, stewardship and trust in the Divine Providence


TV Maria

TV Maria Foundation Philippines, Incorporated -- or simply known as TV Maria -- is a non-profit, non-stock religious organization of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines through the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila.

Look also HERE

The Videos

CBCP Online Radio

Council of the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippine, CBCP

Look also HERE

The Video


CEBU CATHOLIC TV - WATCH TV Free Philippine Television and Radio Live Streams

New Station ID 2012

Jesuit Communications - Philippines

Look also HERE and HERE

"Agapay ng Sambayanan"is Far East Broadcasting Company (FEBC) Philippines' first station to go on air. Initially known as KZAS, the station began its broadcast in June 1948.

KZAS eventually came to be known as 702 DZAS. For more than five decades now, 702 DZAS has been providing the Filipino household with Balita, Musika, Impormasyon at Inspirasyon (News, Music, Information, and Inspiration) while sharing Christ's Changeless Gospel through Changing Times.


Mango Radio Philippines

a non-denominational, non-profit, listener-supported radio network, which desire to effectively communicate the Good News of Jesus Christ to those who don't know or fully understand it, through full time, meaningful, inspiring and life-changing contemporary Christian music and short educational elements over radio and the Internet - using modern day language and the highest professional standards.

Catholic Digest - The Magazine for Catholic Living

Since 1936, Catholic Digest has used the stories of real people to demonstrate that a life guided by faith can be exciting, challenging, enlivening, and joyous. Published 9 times per year, each issue contains meaningful ways to connect faith with everyday life; stories that inform, inspire, and entertain; tips for strengthening family ties and friendships; plus recipes, jokes, puzzles, and more.


go to main-overview

Blasphemy law

a law limiting the freedom of speech and expression relating to blasphemy, or irreverence toward holy personages, religious artifacts, customs, or beliefs. Blasphemy laws are sometimes used to protect the religious beliefs of a majority, while in other cases, they serve to offer protection of the religious beliefs of minorities

Blasphemy law, Philippines


go to main-overview

One woman's journey from Christianity to agnosticism
Nicole Rebollos August 04, 2019

My departure from Christianity does not mean that I will cling to the arms of blasphemy

Philippine Atheists and Agnostics Society - PATAS

a social organization for the public understanding of atheism and agnosticism in the Philippines. It serves to educate society, and eliminate myths and misconceptions about atheism and agnosticism. It speaks against discrimination of the non-religious, and for equal opportunities as Filipino citizens.

The Video

Philippine Atheists and Agnostics Society

Look the full description of the video

Remark this is an album in the album Etc. Organizations working in the Philippines

Etiquette, Customs, Protocol, and Do's and Don't's

Etiquette, Customs, Protocol, Do's and Don't's

Filipino table manners, etiquette and Dining and Drinking Tutorials - Etc.

Look also

Culture - Etiquette for Mistresses

Respect in the Filipino Culture - Mano Po

Attire and Etiquette in the church and in the cemetery


Blogging - Bloggers - Ethics - Etc.

"Body" Languages

go to overview

Bureau of Immigration of Philippines - BI

Immigration Administrative Circular No. SBM-2013-007


The public shall be denied access to the bureau if they fail to observe the Dress Code Policy


Pare, boss, dear and Pinoy culture
Sylvia Estrada Claudio February 13, 2017
How does one call people appropriately these days? When is 'dear' acceptable? Or, for that matter, 'bok'?
There has been a lot of analysis that social media has become a monster, what with fake news and trolling. It’s a bit like inviting the dumbest people and the worst perverts into your home via your computer screen.
Re-introducing the Filipinos to the Escalator Etiquette
September 06, 2016
It’s the usual morning scenarios for the Filipino commuters – the constant pushing and nudging, sometimes accidentally, most of the time, intentionally during rush hours in MRT/LRT and bus stations in the country

the Video: Safety tips for Escalator Users, May 3, 2017

Filipino Proper Manners and Etiquette

Social, Business, Dining etc.

Look as pdf but WITHOUT notes HERE

Etiquette in the Philippines

Etiquette - Customs & Protocol

Etiquette & Customs

Meeting Etiquette
Gift Giving Etiquette
Dining Etiquette
Table manners
Business Etiquette & Protocol

Philippines Etiquette

Philippines Etiquette 2

Filipino Society, Etiquette, Protocols & Customs

Etiquette for Expats, Tourists and Other Visitors to the Philippines
Jessica Zafra

Cultural Etiquette

Filipino etiquette and behaviour

Proper Manila etiquette for business and introductions

Dean Danny Cabulay

Business Etiquette in the Philippines

Christina Hamlett, Demand Media
Business Meetings
Gifts to a Filipino colleague

Philippine Social and Business Culture

The Philippines Travel Etiquette

What Non-Catholics Should Know About Attending a Catholic Funeral Service

Dress codes for foreigners

A Discussion about Dress codes for foreigners living in the Philippines


Remark these are albums in the album Etiquette in the album Respect & Etiquette in the Filipino Culture


Filipino Proper Manners and Etiquette

This video demonstrates the difference between eastern and western culture. Filipinos are known to be much more conservative than European and American, they are more promiscuous. This video illustrates the right and wrong way about: Social, Business, Dining etc.


How To Survive A Filipino House Party

Xochilt Sanchez is invited to her first-ever Filipino House Party. Mayhem ensues as she tries to navigate her way through the night's events, making one misstep after another. Will Xochilt survive? Take off your shoes, bring your appetite, Mano Po your elders, and get your karaoke pipes ready to find out.


Local Etiquette - Manila

How to behave in social situations in Manila.

Look the full description of the video HERE


Gym Etiquette

This video explores standard gym etiquette. Jun 21, 2014


Underwater Etiquette

Scuba diving and taking underwater images is a great way to learn more and share what our oceans have to offer. Leaving them the same way we found them is vital for continued enjoyment of this precious resource. Through the videography of Steve De Neef the folks at Atmosphere Resorts have created a great resource to teach good diving etiquette to avoid harming both coral and critters, as well as yourself, and make the dive an enjoyable experience for all divers. This video was filmed and edited by Steve De Neef - and provided to ReefID by Atmosphere Resorts - in the Philippines.

Remark this is an album in the album Fauna - Etc.

“Do’s and Don’ts in the Philippines”

to every non-Filipino planning a visit. It’s full of funny anecdotes and you will be sure you won’t make any big mistakes or offend anyone.

Some Do's and Don't's - IN PHILIPPINE SOCIETY
Walking naked in QC? Think twice or you'll be fined
January 30, 2018

Roaming around Quezon City shirtless will be fined P1,000

Filipino table manners, etiquette and Dining and Drinking Tutorials - Etc.

Look also Filipino food - Ethnic food - Drinks - Etc.

go to overview

How to: Setting a Buffet Table

Look the illustration in big size

Dining etiquette in the Philippines
Table Manners

Like any other culture, Filipino culture has its own idiosyncrasies when it comes to table manners. Some of which cause Westerners to proclaim that all Filipino are rude.

This is NOT really true. It is completely acceptable behavior within Filipino culture.

Some of the traditions are also overwhelming POLITE

Eating with a Fork and Spoon

Eating with Hands (Kamayan)


These are albums in the album Dining & Table Tutorials - How to Eat With a Spoon and Fork - OR with your hand


How to Set a Dining Table

Before you set the table for fine dining, you must first consider the table itself. True fine dining necessitates a large table with ample room for the dinnerware that will serve several courses and beverage pairings. Under the most lavish conditions, there will be an expansive table covered with linen or lace, an appropriate centerpiece, candles, china, crystal and sterling cutlery.

Remark 2 videos in the album


Filipino Dining Tutorial by Mikey Bustos

the article Dinner Time Customs in the Philippines


Eating With a Spoon and Fork

We, Filipinos, eat with the spoon in tandem with the fork because our meals involve pairing rice with everything. This video shows the efficiency of the spoon-and-fork technique when eating the Pinoy favorite, chicken adobo and rice. By/Ruby Bayan


How to eat with your hands: Kamayan

This is a tutorial of how to eat with your hands.

Filipino Drinking Tutorial

Filipinos are fun to socially drink with, and this video explores some of the unique quirks of a Filipino drinker.
Filipino Coffee Tutorial by Mikey Bustos

Coffee is a big part of the Pinoy lifestyle. Here are some things I've observed with my family and kababayans when drinking coffee.

Filipino Proper Manners and Etiquette

Social, Business, Dining etc.

Look as pdf

but WITHOUT notes HERE

Culture Etc.

go to main-overview

Defining Terms: Myth, folklore, legend, etc.

What's the difference?

Fairy tales, myths, legends, and folklore are terms which may seem to mean the same thing: fanciful tales.
Superstitions and unfounded beliefs are important elements in the folklore tradition.

Lamanok island’s petrographs declared important cultural property
October 28, 2020 Hanah Tabios

The archaeological sites and petrographs of Lamanok island, an area seven kilometers north of Anda, Bohol, has been officially declared as an Important Cultural Property (ICP) by the National Museum of the Philippines (NMP).
Dubbed as Bohol’s “cradle of civilization”, the mystical place of Lamanok boasts a richness in beauty and heritage.
During the pre-colonial times, Lamanok also served as a holy spot for local priests and medicine men to make offerings to nature spirits. These mystical creatures were often called upon for bountiful harvest or a good catch.

Cusps and compatibilities: Astrology myths busted
Gigi August 03 2020

You can’t be 'born on a cusp,' there’s no 13th zodiac sign, and having incompatible signs with your crush isn’t a big deal
What do cusp signs, Ophiucus and Sun sign compatibility have in common?
They’re all concepts that have crept into social media and Internet discussions about astrology.

Babaylan culture

go to overview

Center for Babaylan Studies (CFBS)

CFBS is an organization that seeks to promote all indigenous and spiritual traditions from all parts of the Philippines. Its work is not restricted to one geographic location (i.e. the Visayas).

Babaylan is a Bisayan word that evolved from proto-Austronesian words in Southeast Asia such as belian, balian, balyan, baylan and bagdan. The Subanons call them balian, balean and balayan, women who lead the religious and death rituals in Mindanao. Its literal translation to English is ancient priestess or shaman. Other terms for this role around the Philippines are arbularyo, hilot, mombaki, bailan/beliyan/bagyan, catalonan, dawac, or ma-aram.

The babaylan lives in her story

Look also the below links and videos


was a prominent figure in pre-colonial Philippine society, sometimes described as a priestess or shaman. Babaylans acted as healers, prophets and mediums, curing illnesses and exorcising evil spirits from objects or people. The babayalan would often be called when the community was experiencing difficulties that could not be resolved by physical means. They would perform a ritual through chants or prayers to pacify the spirits that caused chaos in the community.

Look also the below videos and the videos Pagdiwata Ritual Dance

Walking between heaven and earth:

The babaylan today

Text and photos by Sylvia L. Mayuga November 15, 2012

Babaylan Women as Guide to a Life of Justice and Peace

Marianita (Girlie) Villariba is a sociologist who practises ‘babaylan’ (mystical women) work. Girlie, as she is fondly referred to in Isis, talks about the indigenous ways of remembering and honoring personal and community wellness.

Babaylan Spirit and Power Roles Babaylan Spirit and Power Roles

“Baylans” were historical figures in ancient pre-colonial villages in the Visayan Islands of the Philippines. They were the baranggay leaders. Female leaders, the “babaylans,” were of equal rank to men. Baylan comes from two baybayin sounds BA and LA. According to Philippine baybayin scholars, BA is the feminine principle and LA is the masculine principle. BA-LA together is quite indicative of the balance and harmony that baylans worked to maintain in their communities.

Ways of the Babaylan
Ways of the Babaylan
Katrin de Guia

look also the above links


Honoring our Babaylan Ancestors

Babaylans also called "Balyans or Binaylans" .... they are healers with the help of their ABIAN... their guardian spirit....


Pagdiwata Ritual at Manila Contemporary

Pagdiwata ritual is a family affair and is the focal point of Tagbanua life. Its activities embody their traditional sentiments and contribute to their persistence.


Manobo Kulamanon Babaylan

of Sitio Tundok


Mamanwa ritual
Malu Maniquis

This ritual was intended to ask blessings for the project. The babaylan (spiritual leader) summoned forth the spirits of the earth. The ritual lasted for 2 hours. Dec 12, 2014

Look the full description of the video HERE


Modernong babaylan sa Mindanao, kilalanin!
GMA Public Affairs
July 11, 2021: Mga ka-Juander, alam n'yo ba na "babaylan" ang tawag sa mga Pilipinong manggagamot noong naniniwala pa ang ating mga ninuno sa mga diwata at espiritu ng kalikasan? Ang iba't ibang ritwal na kanilang isinasagawa, alamin sa video!




Pagdiwata Origin: A ceremonial dance of the Tagbanua is a religious rite of the native - either of thanksgiving or of healing sick people possessed by bad spirit. (ref.: - Pagdiwata .. a healing ritual dance by the Babaylan when calling out the Diwata as part of her ritual on healing a sick person. Babaylan ...he/she is a religious leader among the tribes.. functions as a healer ..a shaman or oracle is a tradition among most of the filipino tribes to call upon the Gods through the babaylan to heal the sick or to perform rituals for thanksgiving and other sacred ceremonies.

Pagdiwata Ritual Festival

Celebrated by the Tagbanua people of Palawan, the Pagdiwata Ritual Festival is an annual event of acknowledgement and expression of Palawan people to the deities same time seeking for the deitiesí help in healing the sick and in need and offer prayers for departed loved ones. People who are in serious health conditions also come to join the event, treated by their family being the medium of healing.

Babaylan Files

Information, books, articles and links on babaylan & related topics. Babaylan is a Visayan term. Other terms for this role around the Philippines are arbularyo, hilot, mombaki, bailan/beliyan/bagyan, catalonan, dawac, or ma-aram.....

The complementary roles of the Mandirigma and the Babaylan

November 16, 2013 by Perry Gil S. Mallari

Look the article as pdf HERE

Present Houses - Property - Ect. architecture e.g. Bridges - Lighthouses - Etc.

Index, Architecture - general, Authorities, Etc.

Present - Houses and shelters

Guides for buy - sell - rent - build for living in Philippines



Wastes - Garbage - Landfills - Etc.

IMPORTANT: look also Disaster risk preparedness about to build safe and where

Most of the videos in this section are albums in the album Architecture, History, Heritage and Present & Ethnic etc.

go to main-overview

National Mapping and Resource Information Authority NAMRIA

also Cadastral authority

Look also Cadastral System

Philippine Mapping Reference System 1992
LOOK: Landscape architect shares flood-resilient designs
Nov 13, 2020 Michelle Abad

Architect Paulo Alcazaren uploads sketches of flood-resilient houses, barangay halls, and water management systems – some of which were drawn after Tropical Storm Ondoy 11 years ago
There are many ways Filipinos express frustration over the Philippine government’s continued shortcomings in preparing citizens for typhoons.
“The reason why it’s been 11 years and we haven’t done anything is because there is no coordinated effort in local governments…and discontinuity in administrations,”
said Alcazaren

From Bahay Kubo to Bahay na Bato to ...

Robert Gardner

Look photos: Traditional Filipino Houses

Build, Build, Build? Evict, Evict, Evict!
Mary Racelis December 08, 2019

Is the public aware of the thousands of urban poor families facing demolition, eviction, and relocation to make way for tons of cement and steel?


House hearings on Zamboanga City housing project
May 16, 2018 & May 29, 2018

The House committee on housing and urban development begins its investigation into the state of a National Housing Authority (NHA) project in Zamboanga City

The congressional probe comes after politicians – among them housing and urban development committee chairperson Alfredo Benitez himself – fell off a footbridge that collapsed at the Z3R housing project. Updated May 29, 2018

The pandemic is a grave subplot in Metro Manila's housing horror story
Oliver Haynes May 9, 2020

COVID-19 could have dire implications for the megacity’s housing crisis. With a government that's historically misfired in supplying homes to its poorest, is there any hope?


Going Green: Back-to-back
CNN Philippines Apr 17, 2020

Planet Earth is a wonder to behold - beautiful, fascinating, and life-sustaining. But it is also, increasingly, under threat. All over the globe, people are innovating sustainable solutions to help our world.
Meet “inspired environmentalists” to see how their bold, inventive ideas are improving lives through architecture, agriculture, and the strengthening of fragile eco-systems.

Going Green: Back-to-back episodes Part 2
CNN Philippines Apr 24, 2020
Explore innovative ways to protect the environment using urban gardening and eco-friendly construction.
Also, meet eco-inventors as they reveal their light bulb moments that led them to their green revolution.


Biñan City is turning Taal Volcano's ash into bricks

May pera sa abo! Jan 24, 2020

Look about the eruption of Tall Volcano


’Dito sa Lungsod’
November 16, 2019

Years have gone by but housing problems still remain the same --- Filipinos flock to Metro Manila where they believe they will find the golden gate to success.
The result? Booming population, congested streets, heavy traffic and a never-ending ways of looking for solutions by the government.
Atom Araullo revisits some of the congested housing areas In Metro Manila. The likes of Aroma in Vitas and Parola, both in Tondo, have become the melting pot in the port area of Manila.

Look the FULL description in English and Filipino languages


The future of cities: How do you solve a problem like Manila?
November 29, 2018

Urban and transport planners weigh in on solutions for a metropolis suffering from overdevelopment
Metro Manila is choking with overdevelopment.
Built on an isthmus, or a narrow strip of land surrounded by Manila Bay and Laguna Lake, the Philippines' National Capital Region has very little wiggle room. If you're on an airplane and look down below, you'll notice that there's hardly any greenery in the vast concrete sprawl.

Sinking feeling: Philippine cities facing 'slow-motion disaster'
Agence France-Presse May 20, 2019 - with Video

The steady sinking of coastal towns and islets like Pariahan in the northern Philippines causes Manila Bay's brackish water to pour inland and displace thousands, posing a greater threat than rising sea levels due to climate change

Look the Video in the album Sinking Cities:

Sitio Pariahan, unti-unting lumulubog sa nakalipas na 20 taon
GMA News May 24, 2019


Building for the Future
Jun 1, 2018

The so-called Golden Age of Infrastructure is upon the Philippines. It is a period of sustainable growth expected to create more jobs, more opportunities and cut poverty.

Look more Videos


Senate hearing on post-disaster resettlement programs
May 30, 2018

The Senate's urban planning, housing and resettlement committee on May 30, begins its investigation into the alleged irregularities in government's resettlement and relocation programs for areas affected by disasters.

The Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board - HLURB

is a national government agency tasked as the planning, regulatory and quasi-judicial body for land use development and real estate and housing regulation. HLURB is designated as the regulatory body for housing and land development under the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council - HUDCC

the Video HUDCC's Del Rosario on Marawi rehab, housing backlog, Kadamay
July 26, 2017
New housing chief Eduardo del Rosario talks about his plans for the rehabilitation of Marawi City, addressing the housing backlog, and the awarding of houses to Kadamay members.

Remark this is an album in the album HUDCC in the album "Government, Authorities - Etc."

and HLURB guide

the below the video How to avoid housing scams? - Jul 9, 2014

Professional Regulatory Board of Architecture (PRBoA)
The Architecture of the Philippines

is a reflection of the history and heritage of the Philippines. The most prominent historic constructions in the archipelago are from the Spanish Colonial period, though much Philippine architecture is also influenced by Japanese, Malay, Hindu, Chinese, and American cultures

Vernacular architecture

is a term used to categorize methods of construction which use locally available resources and traditions to address local needs and circumstances.

The term is not to be confused with so-called "traditional" architecture, though there are links between the two.

The United Architects of the Philippines UAP
Philippine Modern Architecture
Philippine Architecture and Construction Network

Filipino Style in Architecture:

Is There Such A Thing? A Term Paper

Aquatecture Aquatecture = Water + Architecture

Expressions of Water in Philippine Architecture, Landscape and Urbanism

The Role of Bamboo on the Social, Cultural and Economic Life of the Filipinos

Anneth R. Ramirez
Gregorio Araneta Social Development Foundation, Philippines.

Look page 78 to 90 incl.

Look also the below links

International Network for Bamboo and Rattan, INBAR
established in 1997 to develop and promote innovative solutions to poverty and environmental sustainability using bamboo and rattan.


Designing and Building with Bamboo

One of the earliest and, perhaps, the most widespread use of bamboo is in building construction. The cylindrical structure and ready finish of bamboo predispose it as a natural building material. The high strength and low weight add to its utility.

Bamboo in Construction

Since ancient times, bamboo has been in wide usage as a low-cost building material in Asia and elsewhere. It is also used, in countries where it grows abundantly, for building bridges and scaffolding. In recent times, departing from tradition, bamboo has also started appearing in designer homes as flooring, walling and paneling material.

and the Video

Bamboo: Ideal Material for the tropical house

Bamboo is an ideal & sustainable construction or design component for the tropics for the following reasons: grows fast, continuous regrowth - RENEWABLE, flexible, formable, hi tensile strength, lovely surface texture, lightweight, etc.; mang cesar of the BUGLAS BAMBOO INSTITUTE (BBI) in Negros Oriental

Remark this is an album in the album Plantations, Farming & Forestry

The National Building Code of the Philippines (PD 1096)
After an earthquake, what should house, building owners do next?
Gwen de la Cruz February 19, 201
Experts say that aftershocks are still possible weeks, even months, after a major earthquake. How can we prepare for them?

Is your house safe from earthquakes? Here’s a 12-point guide for you to know
April 16, 2021 Ellalyn De Vera-Ruiz
Evaluating how safe your home is from damage due to earthquakes is now right at your fingertips

Look also HERE


How to repurpose plastic bottles into ecobricks
Raisa Serafica June 05, 2017

The Plastic Solutions movement helps address the problem of plastic waste in Philippine seas.

Present Architecture

go to overview

Signature campaign vs. high-rise bldg. behind San Sebastian church ongoing
January 12, 2021 Leslie Ann Aquino

The San Sebastian Basilica Conservation and Development Foundation, Inc. has launched an online petition to oppose the construction of a 31-storey condominium right behind the country’s iconic and only all-steel church in Manila.

Will anyone live in these NHA housing units in Pagadian?
Gualberto Laput April 23, 2017

'Substandard' and small houses and the lack of water and electricity scare police and soldiers from moving into a Pagadian housing project.
The National Housing Authority's (NHA) 1,350-unit, nearly half-a-billion-peso Kagitingan Heights housing project in Barangay Bogo in this city looks like a ghost town.


Poor condition - Substandard NHA housing projects
Apr 7, 2018

Probes of the substandard and potentially hazardous government housing projects built around the country for calamity-affected communities. Residents from several NHA housing projects complain about the poor condition of the units they received from the government.

VLOG: Inside a housing unit in Pandi, Bulacan
April 25, 2017
The National Housing Authority says a housing unit's land area is 40 square meters, while the floor area of the house is 20 square meters

Look the VLOG in HD HERE

Kadamay and the dysfunctional housing program
June 16, 2018

Congress authorizes NHA to redistribute Bulacan housing units
Mara Cepeda May 16, 2018
The NHA can now award the empty housing units in Pandi, Bulacan to low-salaried government employees and poor families, including members of urban poor group Kadamay.

Beneficiaries waive ownership of nearly 2,000 Bulacan housing units
Patty Pasion October 23, 2017
Beneficiaries from the AFP, PNP, and BJMP waive ownership of the housing units – majority of which are occupied by Kadamay – but a joint congressional resolution is still needed to allow redistribution

4,700 Kadamay families qualified to get houses – HUDCC
Patty Pasion July 27, 2017
Housing chief Eduardo del Rosario says he is just waiting for Congress to pass a joint resolution allowing the distribution of the houses before the turnover of the units to the families.

NHA: Drop in collections in Bulacan housing site after Kadamay takeover
Patty Pasion April 25, 2017
Housing officials tell lawmakers inspecting a government housing site in Pandi town that some residents do not want to pay the P200-monthly amortization since Kadamay members are living there 'for free'

MAP: Where are the unoccupied housing sites for police and soldiers?
Patty Pasion May 30, 2017
76 housing sites have been built for the police and the military across the Philippines, but they have an occupancy rate of only 13%.
The House of Representatives approved at the committee level on Tuesday, May 30, a resolution seeking to allow the National Housing Authority (NHA) to distribute to other qualified beneficiaries the idle housing units originally intended for the police and the military.

P100B a year: Can Duterte gov't build enough homes for informal settlers?
Patty Pasion June 22, 2017

The administration's aim is not only to build homes for the poor but to build them within urban centers. It's a challenge on which past governments failed.


5 Tallest Buildings in the Philippines
Mar 19, 2016
The following are the top 5 tallest buildings in the Philippines based on the standard height measurement.


CUBO: Upgrading the traditional 'Bahay kubo' to become 21st century housing solution
Jan 9, 2021 ANC 24/7
Rundown: CUBO Modular houses aims to upgrade the traditional 'bahay kubo' into a 21st century housing solution. CUBO CEO Patrick Forlales and COO Zahra Halabisa Zanjani share why the design is sustainable and how far the concept has come


A New Home
Oct 31, 2016 by Peter White
I stumbled on this house under construction while walking with my dogs. It was being built next to a trail between kawayan and kambulhot in barangay Buluang.


Our bamboo house and how we made it in 16 days
Apr 5, 2015 by/Pascal Smeets


Kamalig (Bamboo Nipa Hut) Bahay-Kubo in Bohol

3-storey self-designed bamboo nipa hut


House Designs, Home Styles in the Philippines

From Luxus to Affordable Low Cost House


Philippine House Building

Video of the old bamboo nipa being torn down and the construction of the new house. It took a few months and close to $4000. This took place in Sara, Iloilo on the Island of Panay.


Castle in Tagaytay ???

akajig wrote on Sep 12, 2008: I'm in Tagaytay, Philippines. I find a castle. I think it's a mansion that looks like a castle. It's huge. There's even a sword in a rock in front of the house. I don't know who lives here. I'm guessing it's a celebrity or some royal folks! Enjoy!

We build a “bahay kubo” bamboo guest house

November 6, 2009 by GOIloilo

Mobile classroom

Microsoft, DepEd test self-contained, mobile classroom
Victor Barreiro Jr. June 24, 2016

Essentially a refurbished container van, the classroom meant for teaching children in remote areas can be set up within 3 days and transported to far-flung areas via land, sea, or air

the Video DepEd, Microsoft PH 'hatch' EGG

FAST FACTS: Trump Tower Philippines
Sep 28, 2020 Michelle Abad

The 56-story skyscraper boasts of its numerous amenities. The area of its largest penthouse unit is more than half the Araneta Coliseum's basketball court.

Guides for buy - sell - rent - build for living in the Philippines

Securing Your Home for Natural Disasters

go to overview

Definitions Definitions of Barangay – Poblacion – Sitio – Purok
How a Foreigner Buy - Own Properties How a Foreigner Buy - Own Properties in the Philippines using Special Resident Retiree’s Visa

the association of the cement manufacturers of the Philippines

Philippines Construction

Philippine Construction related issues like Architects, Contractors, Home Builders, House Design, Cost of Building, New Technologies etc.

Philippines Construction 'Know-How Team' Philippines construction; Many good advices for home builders, contractors, architects and real estate.

Small Renovation?  Build a Home?  Big Construction Project?

This is an informative website about the latest developments in Philippine Construction.

The Philippine National Construction Corporation or PNCC

is a majority government-owned and/or controlled corporation (GOCC) in the Philippines. It is the largest construction company in the Philippines


How to avoid housing scams? - Jul 9, 2014

Are you planning to buy a house? Residential developments in the country are now increasing but complainant to developers is also increase.

Look more above about The Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board HLURB


Beware of plumbing scam

Protect yourself from bogus plumbers and fake Maynilad employees. Know their modus operandi!


Philippines Land Reclamation
Aug 10, 2017 by Peter White

The Philippines is a small country with a large population. This makes land a valuable commodity and relatively expensive. Cities often fill in coastal areas with rock taken from the mountains to give them more land for public use.

Energy sources - Etc.

Remark this and all the below sections are archive and will get NO updates!

also with these sections - pages:

Battle vs coal

Solar, bioethanol and biomass energy

Nuclear energy

Electric Power supply - Etc.


go to overview

Department of Energy, DOE
The future of the country’s power sources: How renewable and clean energy can sustain the next generations BrandRoom September 21, 2020

The future of energy is headed in the direction of a cleaner, more efficient, and sustainable sources.


Energy experts urge PH to expedite shift to more renewable power sources
Aug 25, 2020 ANC 24/7

Energy industry experts call on the Philippines to expedite its shift to more renewable power sources, or else, be stuck with more expensive and dirtier energy in the future.

Studies on PH environment, natural resources available online
September 27, 2020 Ellalyn De Vera-Ruiz

The public can now have online access to various significant studies on the environment and natural resources conducted by the Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau (ERDB).

Battle vs coal

go to overview

Anti-coal group pats ADB's back; here's why
May 7, 2021 Ellson Quismorio
Clean energy group Center for Energy, Ecology, and Development (CEED) hailed on Friday, May 7 the apparent decision of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to move away from coal, which has long been regarded as a dirty energy source.
An appeal to PH banks to stop investing in coal
Apr 21, 2021 Bishop Broderick Pabillo
'If not for the money [these banks] invested and lent to power companies, these coal projects will not exist and torment both the people and the environment'
“Young people demand change. They wonder how anyone can claim to be building a better future without thinking of the environmental crisis and the sufferings of the excluded (Laudato Si 13)." LOOK also the below links - videos
Caritas Philippines urges government to ban fossil fuels
Robin Gomes 02 October 2020

The humanitarian, development and advocacy arm of the Catholic Church in the Philippines is pressuring President Rodrigo Duterte to make good on his promise to ban coal-generated factories in the country.
The government must show sincerity in pushing for renewable resources of energy by revoking licenses of coal-dependent companies, said Bishop Jose Collin Bagaforo of Kidapawan, the National Director of Caritas Philippines.

Philippine diocese, activists oppose coal power plants
Robin Gomes 04 September 2020

Environmental activists have rallied around a Philippine diocese in Quezon province demanding the government stop the construction of new coal-fired plants in the area as it is inconsistent with the efforts to mitigate climate change.

Greenpeace report: Philippines gets failing mark due to massive use of coal
September 24, 2020 Ellalyn De Vera-Ruiz
The Philippines got a failing mark of “D+” due to its strong inclination to coal power generation, a new Greenpeace Southeast Asia report revealed on Thursday.


#ClimateActionPH: Cebu's battle vs coal
November 28
On Rappler Talk, MovePH editor Voltaire Tupaz and advocates tackle climate change and coal.
Joining the discussion from Cebu City are anti-coal plant petitioner Sheida Salazar Henry and Climate Reality Project Philippines Manager, Rodne Galicha.
Coal is one of the major sources of greenhouse gas emissions, one of the biggest culprits behind global warming and climate change.

#ClimateActionPH and Bataan's battle vs coal
February 21, 2017

MovePH's Voltaire Tupaz talks to a community in Bataan complaining of health problems allegedly caused by the power plants in their area.
There is a growing trend across countries to shift from coal to clean energy sources. The Philippines, however, is deviating from this trend, having approved 29 additional coal-fired power plants, which will be operational by 2020.
Coal is among the major sources of greenhouse gas emissions, one of the biggest culprits behind global warming and climate change.
This has sparked protests in communities where coal-fired power plants operate.

Solar, bioethanol and biomass etc. energy

go to overview

Bicol's typhoon survivors find solace in solar-powered lights
May 22, 2021 Pauline Ocampo

Having seen the situation in Bicol, One Million Lights PH, alongside For the Future and Kids for Kids PH, brought light to 2,000 off-grid families through youth-led crowdfunding

Solar-powered irrigation systems in Zamboanga City, Kalinga completed, reports NIA
September 23, 2020 Ellalyn De Vera-Ruiz

Two solar-powered irrigation systems worth P6.78 million have been completed in Zamboanga City and Kalinga province, according to the National Irrigation Administration (NIA).
It is powered by 28 solar panels that can discharge approximately 200 gallons of water per minute. It can pump an average of six cubic meters in six hours.

Vatican praises Philippine diocese for the first to adopt solar energy
Vatican News 23 June 20

The Vatican has lauded the Philippine Church, particularly Maasin Diocese, for its response to the Pope’s encyclical Laudato Si' on the care of creation.

Embracing the light: Churches tap solar power
Jhesset O. Enano April 11, 2021
In the past few years, Bishop Gerardo Alminaza of the Diocese of San Carlos in Negros Occidental has been at the frontline of a crusade waged both from the pulpit and on the streets.
Alminaza, 61, is part of the Philippine Catholic Church’s strong opposition to the use of fossil fuels in the country. And the threat to the diocese looms large: a proposed 300-megawatt coal-fired power plant in its coastal city.
But the bishop understands that beyond dialogues and campaigns, the Church can and should be doing more to demonstrate its seriousness in rejecting fossil fuels. “We cannot just oppose and oppose,” he says. “We have to be more proactive.”

Green revolution in San Carlos City

A green revolution is happening in San Carlos City in Negros. A solar farm, a bioethanol plant and a biomass plant will soon help generate clean energy for the power grid. Pia Ranada reports. Dec 19, 2013.


Philippines invasive plant could fuel the country's kitchens
Jan 31, 2017

A Philippines start-up company is converting a pesky invasive water lily blamed for causing flooding, into fuel, hoping to turn a pest into an eco-friendly alternative to regular charcoal. Stuart McDill

HiGi Energy, We convert water hyacinth (abundant pest plants) into cooking energy centralized by the compensation business model. As of starting point, Philippines has more than 100 million people and 65% still cooking with firewood and charcoal, targeted market currently is over 35 million across Luzon, and Mindanao, in the first year of operation

The Facebook



Nuclear energy

go to overview

Philippine Nuclear Research Institute - PNRI

Look also HERE

Pro-science consumer group revives talk on nuclear power plants amid Luzon grid woes
June 6, 2021 Ellson Quismorio

Alyansa ng mga Grupong Haligi ng Agham at Teknolohiya Para sa Mamamayan (AGHAM) President Angelo Palmones has faulted energy authorities for their lack of foresight and action regarding nuclear-based power generation, which could have helped avoid the recent spate of “red alert” status in the Luzon grid.

Without taxpayer subsidy, nuclear power is absolutely impossible
Aug 5, 2021 Kelvin S. Rodolfo

'[Ten] centavos more per kilowatt-hour is not small for poor people, who would have to pay this monthly nuclear tax for at least five years'
The following is in a series of excerpts from Kelvin Rodolfo's ongoing book project Tilting at the Monster of Morong: Forays Against the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant and Global Nuclear Energy.

Study on viability of nuclear energy use set
July 29, 2020 Genalyn Kabiling and Argyll Cyrus Geducos
The government is set to conduct a study to determine and develop the national position for a nuclear power program in the country, including the possible use of the mothballed Bataan Nuclear Power Plant (BNPP).

FALSE: Bataan Nuclear Power Plant equipment is missing
Sep 13, 2021
A CrowdTangle search showed several Facebook pages where the claim can be found, such as “Jevara PH”, “Philippine Marcos Loyalist,” “Philippine Political History,” “Bongbong Marcos 2022,” “President Ferdinand E. Marcos,” and “PARA SA BAYAN.”
Several sources, including the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute, confirm that the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant’s equipment, including the nuclear reactor, are still inside the plant.

Again About Philippines have to say: Don't trust Facebook and the "Marcos people"

Shoddy, shoddy, shoddy: How they built the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant
Jul 21, 2021 Kelvin S. Rodolfo
There is not enough space to list the multitude of construction errors inspector William Albert found at the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant

Bataan nuclear plant safe to revive – PNRI
Philippine Daily Inquirer October 05, 2020
The Bataan Nuclear Power Plant (BNPP) can still operate safely despite being mothballed for decades, an official of the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI) claimed amid plans of the government yet again to revive the plant.

Duterte orders study, consultation on reopening Bataan nuclear power plant
October 1, 2020 Genalyn Kabiling
President Duterte has ordered energy authorities to study the proposed use of the mothballed Bataan nuclear power plant and consult the concerned communities.

FALSE: Bataan Nuclear Power Plant to reopen
September 4, 2020 - with Video
President Rodrigo Duterte signed an executive order for a study on nuclear energy, and not to open or reopen a nuclear power plant

Filipino bishop calls for transparency in nuclear power study
Vatican News 31 July 2020
Following the announcement of government plans to explore the possibility of the use of nuclear power in the Philippines, Bishop Ruperto Santos says he hopes the study will be “transparent, non-partisan, and not exclusive.” Look: Gatchalian urges caution on PH nuclear energy program study

Bataan nuclear power plant can be revived for manufacturing
August 7, 2017
Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI) said the Bataan nuclear power plant, which cost the country billions of dollars but was never fueled to operate, can still be revived and can help push the development of the country’s manufacturing sector further.

Bataan Nuclear Power Plant was built in the early 1980s, completed but never fueled, on Bataan Peninsula, 100 kilometres (62 mi) west of Manila in the Philippines. It is located on a 3.57 square kilometre government reservation at Napot Point in Morong, Bataan. It was the Philippines' only attempt at building a nuclear power plant,
but never went into operation because it sits on a tectonic fault and volcano.

LOOK ALL the Videos about Bataan nuclear plant
The mothballed Bataan nuclear power facility can still operate despite decades of unuse, the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute said.

Nuclear power for the Philippines?
MIKE WOOTTON November 16, 2016

and HERE

Nuclear power program a no-go sans Congress OK, public acceptance - DOE
Neil Arwin Mercado September 07, 2020

The creation of nuclear power plants in the country cannot push through without the approval of Congress and the acceptance of the public, the Department of Energy (DOE) said Monday.

Electric Power supply - Etc.

go to overview

The electricity sector in the Philippines

provides electricity through power generation, transmission, and distribution to many parts of the Philippines. The Philippines is divided into three electrical grids, one each for Luzon, the Visayas and Mindanao

Energy sector 'old boys club' blamed for unplanned, frequent outages
June 6, 202 Ben Rosario
The list of power generation companies (Gencos) tagged by the Energy Regulatory Commission for longer unplanned outages include recidivists who belong to the “old boys club”, Deputy Minority Leader and Bayan Muna Rep. Carlos Isagani Zarate disclosed on Sunday, June 6.
Zarate said these power generation firms have recently been issued by the ERC with notices of non-compliance after causing rotational brownouts in the past several weeks that “also spiked electricity prices.”

China's creeping influence in PH telco, electricity, water
JC Punongbayan February 20, 2020
China’s creeping influence and encroachment in our vital infrastructure shows we ought to be extra careful especially where the nation’s security is at stake IMPORTANT: Read ALL links in the article

Bantayan Island gets emergency power supply
Doris C. Bongcac September 20,2020

Bantayan Island residents will now experience a significant reduction in power outages with the addition of three megawatts (MW) to its power supply.

National Transmission Corporation, TransCo

is a Philippine government corporation created in 2001 by the Electric Power Industry Reform Act currently operating the nation's power grid. It assumed all of Napocor's substation and transmission assets.

The Electric Power Industry Reform Acts: RA 9136, RA 9136 as 1 pdf file

Magna Carta Magna Carta for Residential Electricity Consumers
Law for cheaper power rates signed
Dharel Placido Aug 13 2019

President Rodrigo Duterte has signed a law sparing consumers from subsidizing government debt via added electricity charges, Sen. Sherwin Gatchalian said Tuesday

Duterte signs Murang Kuryente Act
Pia Ranada August 13, 2019
With the new law, electricity consumers will soon no longer have to pay the universal charges for stranded contract costs and stranded debts in their electricity bills

The National Power Corporation

also known as the NPC or Napocor, is a state-owned company that serves as the largest provider and generator of electricity in the Philippines. It is also the principal power provider for Manila Electric, the only power distributor in the Metro Manila area.

The National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (NGCP)

is a private corporation that maintains and operates the power transmission network of the Philippines.

National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (NGCP) have taken on a crucial mandate of bringing light to every Filipino home, energizing industries, and turning the country’s wheels of progress.

The Video: NGCP violated Constitution for allowing Chinese to hold high position
Feb 3, 2020
Senators believe there was a clear violation of the Constitution on the part of the National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (NGCP) for allowing a Chinese national hold the second highest position in the company, warning of a possible revocation of its franchise.

Kusog Bicolandia pushes for independent Bicol power grid
Rhaydz B. Barcia December 26, 2019

‘We are wondering why we need to get electricity from the Tayabas station of NGCP when we can tap directly from Tiwi or BacMan geothermal power plants,’ the regional political party says

Rehabilitation of Tiwi and MakBan Geothermal Power Plants Continues
AboitizPower to raise capacity of Tiwi-MakBan
Danessa Rivera,The Philippine Star August 27, 2019

China control of NGCP 'cause for concern'
Sofia Tomacruz November 26, 2019

Retired Supreme Court justice Antonio Carpio warns this is especially the case if the Chinese themselves handle the maintenance of the Philippines' power supply

Hontiveros asks for cybersecurity audit of 'China-controlled' NGCP
Aika Rey December 09, 2019 - with Video
Senator Risa Hontiveros says: 'Ang chairman Chinese, halos lahat ng contractors Chinese, ang systems software made in China, at ang training sa China. Pero dapat magtiwala at maniwala tayo na ito ay 'Filipino-run'?'

Defense, energy departments to probe Chinese control of power lines
JC Gotinga December 04, 2019
Can China really remotely control – and shut down – the Philippines’ electricity? Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana wants to find out.

China can shut off the Philippines' power grid at any time, leaked report warns
James Griffiths CNN November 26, 2019
The Philippines' power grid is under the full control of the Chinese government and could be shut off in time of conflict, according to an internal report prepared for lawmakers seen by CNN.

Probe sought over concern China can shut down Philippine power
Agence France-Presse November 28, 2019 - with Video
Senator Risa Hontiveros asks the Senate to conduct an inquiry into the potential threat of China shutting off the Philippines' supply of electricity

China dismisses fears it can control Philippines power supply
Sofia Tomacruz November 28, 2019 - with Video
'There is no need to worry about the sky falling or imagine trouble where there is none,' says Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Geng Shuang

Cebeco II - Cebu II Electric Cooperative, Inc.
Meralco since 1903 has fueled the growth of the Philippines and its people. As a premier electric service distributor

Pay your Meralco bill online, Introduting the e-meralco bill

SC orders review of Meralco finances to come up with lower power rates
Lian Buan October 10, 2019
The High Court directs the Energy Regulatory Commission to review Meralco's unbundled rates 'for determination of a reasonable and fair valuation of the regulatory asset base that will provide electricity to consumers in the least cost manner'


in the album Electric Power supply - Etc.

House hearing on the spike in electricity bills
Aug 24, 2020

The House energy committee resumes on Monday, August 24, its inquiry on the sudden spike in electricity bills during the enhanced community quarantine (ECQ) in Metro Manila and other parts of the country. Look also ALL the links in this article

Meralco defers for another month disconnection of unpaid bills
August 24, 2020 Ben Rosario
Power distributor Manila Electric Company on Monday agreed to defer until October 31 the disconnection of electricity services of customers with unpaid bills of at least one month as it continues to address overcharging allegations aired by clients facing the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Laws - codes & Rules - Real Estate, Property rights, Inheritance and much more

go to overview

When can gov't take over private property?
Tony La Viña Aug 02 2020

The taking of private property for expropriation can only be validly done if there is genuine necessity and the necessity is public in character.
Together with police power and the power of taxation, the power of eminent domain, sometimes referred to as expropriation or condemnation, is one of the tripod of great powers that inheres in the State in the exercise of sovereign authority.
In the context of the Philippines today, this power has become awesome and deserves examination.

Republic Act No. 8975 Republic Act No. 8975


Inheritance law of property - land - also about foreigners inheritance tax and law The Global Property Guide looks at inheritance from two angles: taxation, and what inheritance laws apply to foreigners leaving property in Philippines: what restrictions there are and whether making a will is advisable

Landlord and Tenant

Philippine law is generally PRO-LANDLORD in the luxury segment but it is NEUTRAL as between landlord and tenant for the rest of the market.

Transaction costs are very high in the Philippines

Inheritance law of property - land

also about foreigners inheritance tax and law The Global Property Guide looks at inheritance from two angles: taxation, and what inheritance laws apply to foreigners leaving property in Philippines: what restrictions there are and whether making a will is advisable

Property rights of foreigners married to Filipino citizens

Can foreigners own land and other real property in the Philippines?

Foreign Ownership of Land, buildings or houses in the Philippines
Philippines real estate law does not allow outright ownership of real property by foreign nationals.
Filipinos and former Filipino citizens and Philippine majority owned corporations (Take note of the below Anti Dummy Law) are permitted to own land, buildings, condominiums and townhouses.
Foreigners may own buildings or houses in the Philippines legally; as long as they do not own the land on which it is built

The Anti-Dummy Law The Anti-Dummy Law

It is an Act to punish evasion of the laws on the nationalization of certain rights, franchises or privileges. It is Commonwealth Act No. 108, as amended by RA 421, RA 134, RA 6084


Look the article What is the Anti-Dummy Law?

RA 1199, Agricultural Tenancy Act of the Philippines

Agricultural Tenancy Act of the Philippines


RA 9646 RESA Law, Real Estate Service Act, RESA, RA 9646



RESA LAW: Code of Ethics and Responsibilities for Real Estate Service Practitioners

P.D. 957 – Your Protection Against Real Estate Misrepresentations
Presidential Decree No. 957 known as “Subdivision and Condominium Buyer’s Protective Decree” was initiated on July 12, 1976 and applied with the latest revised implementing rules and regulations in 2009.

Look the article as pdf HERE

the Video PD 957 Real Estate Laws and Rights

Look PD 957 HERE and the IRR HERE


National Cadastral Survey Program

RA 2711 ACT NO. 2711


ACT NO. 4054


Land Lease Laws in the Philippines
RA 1199, Agricultural Tenancy Act of the Philippines


Property rights of foreigners married to Filipino citizens

look also HERE

Property rights of foreigners married to Filipino citizens;

Can foreigners own land and other real property in the Philippines?

Foreign Ownership of Land, buildings or houses in the Philippines

Philippines real estate law does not allow outright ownership of real property by foreign nationals. Filipinos and former Filipino citizens and Philippine majority owned corporations (Take note of the below Anti Dummy Law) are permitted to own land, buildings, condominiums and townhouses.

Foreigners my own buildings or houses in the Philippines legally; as long as they do not own the land on which it is built

How a Foreigner Buy - Own Properties How a Foreigner Buy - Own Properties in the Philippines using Special Resident Retiree’s Visa
Home Development Mutual Fund - Pag-IBIG Fund

RA-9679 Housing Loan Program

Look also HERE


Pag-IBIG Fund is the other name, albeit an easy to remember one, of the Home Development Mutual Fund, HDMF. Pag-IBIG is an acronym which stands for...
Pagtutulungan sa Kinabukasan:
Industriya, at
a government-controlled, corporation that serves as provident and housing fund, pooling together the investments of its members.

Pagibig Financing - Housing Loan, Pag-IBIG Membership, Mortage, Insurance, Foreclosures.
Pag-IBIG Fund Explained in 90 Seconds

Ano ang Pag-IBIG fund? Paano sumali? Magkano ang simulang kontribusyon? Alamin ang mga sagot sa iyong Frequently Asked Questions tungkol sa PAG-IBIG Fund! Nov 21, 2014

Look more about Pag-IBIG Fund

Look also HERE and RA-9679



Final Report of the International Fact-Finding Mission on Agrarian Reform Related Violations of Human Rights in the Philippines

The National Building Code of the Philippines PD 1096
RA 7279 Republic Act No. 7279, Urban Development and Housing Act of 1992


RA-7279 Appendix I A-D



the Video:
RA 7279, Urban Development and Housing Act of 1992 - Demolisyon 101
Jun 2, 2018
Urban Development and Housing Act of 1992 author Atty. Joey Lina and litigation lawyer Atty. Paolo Lim discuss the legal process in the demolition of illegal settlements and the relocation of affected residents. Urban Poor Research Center OIC Luis Clarin talks about the problem of the urban poor in terms of settlement.


This section gets no more updates, sorry

go to overview

History of the bridges Philippines history of the bridges

Manuel Maximo Lopez del Castillo-Noche

Look also Old Railway Bridges Photos and Bridges


‘Ang lihim ng Lumang Tulay’

dokumentaryo ni Kara David (full episode)
Dec 15, 2016

This video entitled ‘Ang Lihim ng Lumang Tulay’ features ‘Spanish Era bridges built in Tayabas, Majayjay and Manila.’


Heritage bridges and some new

Spanish colonial bridges in the Philippines
Augusto F. Villalon
December 26th, 2011


Jones Bridge - the Queen of Bridges in Manila
Bridge to a glorious past
Nov 29, 2019 Manila Bulletin Online
Jones Bridge revived
The City Government of Manila began a rehabilitation project to restore the Jones Bridge to its near-original design using Beaux-Arts architecture similar to that of Pont Alexandre III in Paris and the restoration of the four original sculptures.

Binondo’s historic Jones Bridge on Pasig River beautifully revitalized
Eldan Sambatyon November 4, 2019
The historic William A. Jones Memorial Bridge, more popularly known as the Jones Bridge that spans the Pasig River in Manila and connects it to Binondo, is once again drawing attention as it is beautifully revitalized through Manila’s efforts to bring back its former glory and grandeur befitting its title as the pre-war “Paris of Asia” and “Pearl of the Orient”.

Fully restored Jones Bridge in Manila cost only P20 million
Catalina Ricci S. Madarang November 27, 2019
Jones Bridge, once touted as the Queen of Bridges in Manila, spans the Pasig River and connects Binondo and Intramuros.

5 longest bridges
May 7, 2016
San Juanico Bridge

The San Juanico Bridge, is an arch-shaped truss bridge in the Philippines stretching from Samar to Leyte crossing the San Juanico Strait. It is part of the Pan-Philippine Highway.

San Juanico Bridge - Urban Legend

First Mandaue-Mactan Bridge

spanning across the Mactan Channel and connecting the islands of Cebu and Mactan, located in Metro Cebu

Marcelo Fernan Bridge

Marcelo Fernan Bridge is an extradosed cable-stayed bridge spanning across the Mactan Channel and connecting the islands of Cebu and Mactan, located in Metro Cebu


This section gets no more updates, sorry

go to main-overview

Lighthouses in the Philippines

Famous Lighthouses in the Philippines

Heritage Conservation Society
Many photos and informations of ‘Lighthouses’

Cape Santiago Lighthouse
also known as Faro de Cabo Santiago (Filipino: Parola ng Cabo Santiago), is a historic lighthouse located about 130 kilometres (81 mi) southwest of Manila in Barangay Bagong Silang, Calatagan, Batangas, Philippines. It is the oldest working lighthouse in Batangas and one of the oldest working lighthouses in the Philippines. It serves as a guide for ships passing through the Verde Island Passage and entering Manila Bay.

Coast Guard restores oldest working lighthouse in Batangas
April 21, 2021 Richa Noriega
The Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) has successfully completed the restoration of the oldest working lighthouse in Batangas.

Batag Island Lighthouse

is a historic lighthouse on Batag Island off the coast of the town of Laoang in the province of Northern Samar. The light marks the northeastern point of Samar Island and lead international ships to the entrance of the San Bernardino Strait marked by the San Bernardino Light.

Cape Bojeador Lighthouse
Lighthouse in Bagacay Point
Hagonoy lighthouse in Bulacan
September 6, 2020 Hanah Tabios

The Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) has successfully completed the re-installation of the Hagonoy Lighthouse in Bulacan.
For years, many have also pushed for the rehabilitation of the lighthouse as some accounts said fisherfolk use it as a landmark for them to know if they have already reached the Bulacan area.
The residents of Isla Pugad in Bulacan are proud of the Hagonoy Lighthouse because the facility benefits local fisherfolk.

Cemeteries - Etc.

IMPORTANT look also about Live In A Graveyard and the cemeteries in UNDAS and below Got fear of cemeteries?

Burying Marcos in Libingan ng mga Bayani - 'Heroes' Cemetery?

Indigenous - Ethnic - Etc. culture in provinces about Death, Funeral, Burial, Mourning and the Dead

go to overview

Republic Act 289 Republic Act 289
Traditions and Protocol of a Presidential Funeral

Although there are no laws mandating presidential funerals, certain protocol and traditions are maintained. A deceased Philippine president may be given a state funeral, which involves funeral expenses defrayed by the State; a Book of Condolence opened for local and foreign dignitaries in the Philippines; lying in state for public viewing; and arrival, departure, and final military honors.

FAST FACTS: Presidential funerals in the Philippines
Jun 27, 2021 Pauline Macaraeg

Libingan ng mga Bayani - Heroes Cemetery

Heroes' Cemetery, also officially known as Libingan ng mga Bayani, is a national cemetery within Fort Bonifacio, formerly the American Fort William McKinley in Western Bicutan, Taguig City, Metro Manila
It was established as a fitting resting place for Filipino military personnel from privates to generals, as well as heroes and martyrs.
On the cemetery's entrance it is written: "I do not know the dignity of his birth, but I do know the glory of his death."
The Republic Memorial Cemetery at Fort McKinley was established in May 1947 as a fitting tribute to the gallant Filipino men and women who brought honor to the country and fought for the sake of freedom and democracy. On October 27, 1954, the Memorial Cemetery was renamed Libingan Ng Mga Bayani, LNMB by the late President Ramon Magsaysay.

FAST FACTS: Libingan ng mga Bayani
Paco Tantoco August 31, 2016
The Libingan ng mga Bayani is the final resting place of more than 49,000 Filipinos

Who can be buried at Heroes' Cemetery? AFP explains rules
May 27, 2016
In the 103-hectare Heroes' Cemetery – the designated resting place for Filipino soldiers, war veterans, and citizens considered as heroes and martyrs – around 49,000 are buried

and the Video


Memorial sites, ex presidents’ tombs at Manila North Cemetery
Nov 1, 2018
Rename cemetery to Libingan ng mga Bayani at mga Dating Pangulo

by Mara Cepeda August 25, 2016
Kabayan Representative Harry Roque says renaming the Libingan ng mga Bayani may breach the divide among Filipinos over the planned hero's burial for Ferdinand Marcos.
Kabayan Representative Harry Roque filed a bill seeking to rename the Libingan ng mga Bayani (Heroes’ Cemetery) to the Libingan ng mga Bayani at mga Dating Pangulo (Cemetery of Heroes and Former Presidents.)

LNMB renamed 'Libingan ng Mga Bayani and Friends' on Google Maps
by Gelo Gonzales November 11, 2016
'Libingan ng mga Bayani' is a grave misnomer, some netizens believe.
ONLINE PROTEST. The Libingan ng mga Bayani marker on Google Maps continues to be renamed as the burial of former president Ferdinand Marcos looms.
Manila Memorial Park (MMP)

is the pioneer in the memorial park industry in the Philippines. Its first park opened in 1964. It is the largest memorial park company in terms of number of parks and development. In pursuit of its objective to provide prestigious memorial parks in the country, Manila Memorial Park is expanding to other parts of the nation, starting with the major cities, namely Cebu and Davao.

Flames and Mirrors at the Mission Compound Cemetery

Sagada, Mountain Province

Look more about the Sagada Panag-apoy ritual HERE


The existing situation of a mass grave in Metro Manila

A common grave in Metro Manila does not serve as a peaceful place for the departed ones. Other corpses are unidentified, and "disposed." Nov 2, 2014

IMPORTANT look also The Cemetery People

Toledo Memorial Garden

Aerial video of major cemeteries in Cebu
Oct 31, 2017

People from all walks of life have started to visit the graves of their departed loved ones since last week of October in preparation for the All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day. Watch this aerial video of at least three major cemeteries in Cebu, Philippines.
Video by: Allan Cuizon of SunStar Cebu

Crypt Burial

A concrete forming system for multiple burial chambers in the Philippines.


The Cemetery America Forgot

Clark Veterans Cemetery

Look the full description of the video HERE


Manila American Cemetery and Memorial

Bonifacio Global City, Taguig

the article with photos HERE

Look also HERE and remark this article goes over 6 pages


Mausoleo ni Vasyon Tenora, Zamboanga del Norte
ABS-CBN News Jun 9, 2019
Sa isang sementeryo sa Polanco, Zamboanga del Norte, agaw-pansin ang mausoleo ni alyas "Vasyon Tenor."
Cemetery of Vietnamese refugees at Bataan Processing Centre in Philippines

There are about 300 graves found in this cemetery. Bataan was a Processing Centre established in 1980 and closed down in 1994, now called Bataan Technology Park, in Subic Bay area (Philippines), 2 hours drive from Manila.

Look MUCH more about Philippine Refugee Centers

the Video "Introduction of the Archive of Vietnamese Boat People"


Art Casket of Jun Tupas in Carcar City

Ornately crafted caskets now a must-see in Carcar

Art Casket of Jun Tupas in Carcar City

PRLog The Flower Of The Dead

Aside from poppies, chrysanthemums, marigold, and orchids, Filipinos have also used some of their native flowers as a sign for grief and symbol for the dead. These particular flowers are popularly known as the Kalachichi.


How much you pay for funeral expenses?

It is said that it's somewhat expensive to live but it's more expensive to die. Let's see how much it cost when a man die. Nov 1, 2014

'Patay Gang', which is to solicit money from people for the burial purposes of their "dead" relative.

Things most don’t know about funeral homes
October 29, 2016 by Chelzee G. Salera

There are a few things that stay hidden behind closed doors and are not known to most of the living. Here are a few things behind the funeral parlors that groom those who leave for the next chapter of their lives.

Insurance Commission goes after memorial chapels
July 13, 2015
The lnsurance Commission (lC) is investigating memorial chapels and associations offering products similar to life or memorial plans without the required licenses to operate as pre-need firms.
A memorial plan is a product that enables the plan holder pre-pay future memorial services at a lower cost today. It typically includes the following in its package:
Memorial service in accredited mortuaries;
•Assignment or transfer of the plan, and;
•Insurance protection.

Republic Act No. 9829
– the Pre-Need Code of the Philippines

Heritage Ancient Death, Funeral, Burial and the Dead

Look also

Death, Funeral, Burial, Mourning, etc.

Indigenous - Ethnic - Etc. culture in provinces about Death, Funeral, Burial, Mourning and the Dead

Ancient Goldworking & Treasures

go to overview

Michael Charleston B. Chua - Arts of the Philippines

The Mannungul Jar was found in the Tabon Cave in Palawan

Look the FULL article HERE

Manunggul jar ‘ship-of-the-dead’ and the journey to afterlife
ATTY. DENNIS GORECHO December 29, 2020
The journey of the soul to the afterlife was closely associated by early Filipinos to maritime culture as represented by the “ship-of-the-dead” burial container called Manunggul Jar.

Look also HERE

The Videos

The cultural treasure "The Manunggul Jar"

found in the early 1960’s in Manunggul Cave - Tabon Cave, Lipuun Point, Palawan is a secondary burial jar. The upper portion of the jar, as well as the cover is incised with curvilinear scroll designs and painted with natural iron or hematite. On top of the jar cover or lid is a boat with two human figures representing two souls on a voyage to the afterlife. The boatman is seated behind a figure whose hands are crossed on the chest. The position of the hands is a traditional Filipino practice observed when arranging the corpse.


Pre-colonial limestone tombs discovered at Mt. Kamhantik, Quezon
Award-winning documentarist Kara David visits the excavation site in Quezon Province, Philippines. Aired February 18, 2013

1,000-year-old village found on a jungle-covered mountaintop near Mulanay town in Quezon province

Limestone tombs of Kamhantik

The video Documentary of Mt. Kamhantik in Mulanay, Quezon

Ancient Philippine Burial Traditions and Qingbai Ceramics

Jan 19th, 2011 by Tip Writer

Burial Goods Burial Goods in the Philippines: An Attempt to Quantify Prestige Values


The Burial and Mourning Customs of Filipinos

(Mostly old - ancient)

Ancient human remains in Philippines reveal rare ritual burial 9000 years ago

A team of scientists have discovered the 9,000-year-old remains of a woman buried in a cave in El Nido, Palawan in the Philippines, which reveal evidence of an elaborate and bizarre ritual burial. About 9000 years ago, she was buried in an elaborate ritual that involves defleshing and separation of bones, crushing of the big bones and finally, cremation and burial. Published: 3 October, 2013

Look also HERE

Anthropological reflection on Philippine masks

Visayan burial masks

Gold death mask found in Plaza Independencia
he Heritage of Cebu

Bisayans who could afford would cover their deads eyes, nose and mouth with gold so that they would be welcomed well in the next world.

Look Ancient Goldworking & Treasures and also HERE


Was gold really present in Cebu during the Pre-Spanish Era? Together let us answer this question through this episode of Kabilin entitled BULAWANONG SUGBO.

Remark 3 videos in the album - in the album "Treasures and customs of Ancestors"


Kabayan Mummy Burial Caves

located at the Municipality of Kabayan in Benguet, Mountain Province.

The Kabayan Mummies are also known as Fire Mummies, Benguet Mummies and Ibaloi Mummies

Ancient Mummies Discovered In A Cave In The Philippines After 300 Years
By Clayton Aldrich

ALL the Videos about The Kabayan Mummies UPDATED 30 October 2019


Death & Beauty in Old San Remigio, Cebu

Join Prof. Jojo Bersales as he rediscovers for the second time around, the culture of what has been the KARAANG KANGHAGAS or the town of SAN REMIGIO. San Remigio was formerly known as "Kanghagas", a kind of tree that grew abundant in the place.


Karaang Kanghagas o San Remigio - Know more about what was once Karaang Kanghagas and now known as San Remigio.

Remark this is an album in the album "Cebu & Visayan - Heritage, Legacy & History"

How ancient Visayans revered the dead - San Remigio - Cebu

By Trizer D. Mansueto - Inquirer Visayas

Look MUCH more about Cebu heritage HERE

Ancient Burials
Ancient graveyards in Philippines have the same belief with the Greeks on after-life.

In the eastern part of Bohol, Philippines, ancient graveyards can be found in barangay Basdio in the town of Guindulman.

The burial caves or graveyards have boat-shaped coffins.

The boat coffin was a funeral custom in ancient times. Usually a dead person was put into a coffin shaped like a boat. It was believed the dead would traverse the sea.

Traditional Burial Practices of Bontoc, Mt. Province

By: WAKIT, JORELYN October 27, 2012

Look the article as pdf HERE

Settlement and Burial Sites in Butuan City


Of all areas in the Philippines reported to have archaeological sites, Mindanao is the least explored and investigated. Although there were sporadic explorations and surveys conducted in and around Davao, Zamboanga and Sulu, and Cotabato, no proper investigation has ever been done in northern Mindanao until the discovery of the sites in Butuan


Ermita ruins, Honeycomb-shaped tombs - Dimiao Bohol:

The mystery of the empty honeycomb tombs of Bohol
4 November, 2013 - aprilholloway
In the municipality of Dimiao in the province of Bohol, Philippines, lies an eerie and perplexing image – rows and rows of honeycomb-like tombs. The site would not be so strange if it were not for one unusual fact – they are all empty.

The catacombs of Dimiao
April 20, 2013

Look both articles in 1 pdf file HERE

Ermita ruins - Dimiao Bohol
Dec 14, 2015
Honeycomb-shaped tombs reveal mysterious mass grave
Oct 26, 2016
A town in Bohol is home to a cemetery with tombs grouped together like a honeycomb. But there's more to this mysterious resting place than just its unique shape.

Our Heritage and the Departed: A Cemeteries Tour

The Presidential Museum and Library offers a comprehensive diagram of the cemeteries and memorial shrines in Metro Manila and surrounding areas, including the specific graves and markers that house the remains of key historical figures, including Philippine Presidents and heroes of the Philippine Revolution.

The Mystery of Manila's Octagonal Cemetery

KABILIN Mga Karaang Lubnganan sa Sugbo

Explore and discover the beauty as well as stories that lie in every old cemeteries not just only in the city but also in the Province of Cebu.

The Nagcarlan Underground Cemetery, Laguna

It is open to the public from Tuesday to Sunday between 8 am-4 pm.

It is the only one of its kind in the Philippines - it is a burial site located inside, or more accurately, beneath a church. This church is rich in history - it was built and designed for funeral mass in 1845 by the Franciscan priest Fr. Vicente Velloc. He also directed the construction of an underground graveyard 15 feet below the church.

The Nagcarlan Underground Cemetery is considered a national historical landmark because its underground crypt was used as a secret meeting place in 1896 by Filipino revolutionaries or Katipuneros, members of the KKK. During the Filipino-American War, Filipino patriots also used the underground cemetery to formulate their battle plans and to seek shelter. It also became a safehouse for Filipino guerillas during World War II.

the Videos - Aug 01, 2018


Sunken Cemetery, Camiguin Island
Fearless & Far Aug 25, 2018

The sunken cemetery fell into the ocean with the 1871 eruption of Mount Vulcan. It was built by the spanish, and has seen a lot of destruction over the years. More eruptions, typhoons, and tsunamis have turned this beautiful graveyard into rubble, leaving only a few relics under water.

Look more HERE, HERE and HERE

Healers & Healing

Look also Traditional and Alternative Health Care, Alternative medicine, Practitioners, Clinics

go to overview

Rumsua: Ancestral Traditions, a site that provides information on Filipino culture and heritage, with particular emphasis on the amianan. Included are topics on the healing arts, literary works, and other cultural facts and information.
Healers and Healing in the Cordillera cultures: Bontok, Gaddang, Ibaloy, Ifugao, Ilongot, Isneg, Kalinga, Kankana-ey, Ikalahan, I'wak and Tinguian
Philippine Healing Arts

By Virgil J. Mayor Apostol

Medicine Men of Agusan The Medicine Men of Agusan

in Mindanao, Philippines

BY SAMUEL GAABUCAYAN -  Cagayan de Oro, P.I.

In Siquijor, regaining healing powers while Christ is dead
by Frank Cimatu April 14, 2017

For 7 Fridays leading to Good Friday, Siquijor's healers scour Mount Bandila-an and other sources for ingredients for a powerful concoction to be mixed and brewed on Black Saturday

Albularyo, the Filipino herbalist

An albularyo' or hilot is a local medicine man or healer. The albularyo is knowledgeable in the application of medicinal herbs to cure various illnesses and their abilities are believed to be either spiritual or supernatural in origin.

An encounter With an Extraordinary Healer From The Philippines
Taoism, Philosophy, Healing and Health
Hilot A closer look at ‘hilot’

Look also HERE

The Healers

In the hierarchy of healers and specialists in Philippine folk medicine, the albularyo may be referred to as the "general practitioner." Knowledgeable in most of the folkloric modalities, the albularyo is especially versed in the use of medicinal herbs. The hilot ambiguously refers both to the manghihilot and magpapaanak. The manghihilot specializes in techniques and treatments applicable to sprains, fractures and muskuloskeletal conditions. The magpapaanak, besides prenatal visits and delivering babies, often performs the suob ritual. Some healers limit their practice of folkloric therapies to more specialized modalities. The mangluluop specializes in diagnostic techniques, usually referring the patients after diagnosis to the albularyo, medico, or manghihilot for definitive treatments. The medico is a further specialization, merging age-old folkloric modalities with ingredients of western medicine - 'prescription' medications, acupuncture, etc. Most of these healers consider their healing craft as God-given, a calling from a supernatural being, and consequently, their healing practices are profusely infused with prayers and religious rituals. Usually rural-based, they are also present in the urban and suburban communities, albeit in small scattered niches, serving burgis alternative needs, the impoverished or the urban-transplanted rural folk.

Spiritual Healers Philippine Spiritual Healers

look also HERE


Videos in the album Healing Rituals - Etc.


Totoo ba ang Barang?
ABS-CBN News Nov 24, 2019
Faith healer Remedios Absalon explains how she uses her gift to help people afflicted by barang and kulam hexes


Siquijor Island of Mystery, is known for its HEALING POWERS
globalvideopro1 Oct 28, 2019
Siquijor Island of Mystery, is known for its HEALING POWERS. Formerly known for witches, curses and black magic. Watch four people being healed in 30 minutes. These 4 patients had various 'life threatening illnesses. 18 year old girl with large, painful, growing cyst in her breast GONE. School Teacher with Arthritis and Diabetes . Treated. Man stage 4 cancer. Foreign woman. Remove curse. I videotaped each one only 3 feet from my camera. No tricks!


Healing Ethnic Ritual of The existence of primitive ethnic doctors here in Balbalan, popularly known by them as "mandadawak" is a living testimony that Balbalan tribes were once headhunters. Mandadawak play vital role then in the glorification of tribal warriors.

This video was captured during a stage presentation about mandadawak during the centennial year celebration of Balbalan.



A ritual of the indigenous people of Bokiawan, Hungduan, Ifugao to drive away pests, diseases and bad spirits from the community

Mythology - Legends - Fables - Folktales - Stories

Most of the videos are albums in the album Mythology, Fables, Babaylan Culture, Superstitions & Beliefs, Etc. or one of the sub-albums

go to overview

The Meaning of Myths, Folklore, Legends, and Fairy Tales

Look the article as pdf

Philippine folklore - mythology

look also HERE

Pantheon of the Gods and Goddesses
Mythological Creatures

Or look it as pdf HERE or look it as video HERE (each slide goes on for 12 sec.)

Deities of Philippine mythology

are the gods, goddesses and diwatas worshiped by ancient Filipinos before the Christianization of the natives after the Spanish conquest of the Philippines.

BAHAY TALINHAGA Philippine Folklore

a site with so many links to different categories

Philippine Folklore Stories
Supernatural Creatures in Philippine Folklore
Philippine Myth
Raymond G. Pepito

Here are some popular or readable Philippine Myths:

Myth about the Sun
Myth on the Coconut Tree
Myth on the Origin of the Pineapple
Myth on the Origin of the Moon and Stars
Myth about the Lanzones Fruit
Myth on Why Roosters have Crowns
Myth about the Shining Moon
Myth on Mango Fruits

BaguioPhoria Community   A large collection of Myths - Folktales and Legends

Philippine Mythology

Joe-Nel Garcia


Pandora: The Wawa Dam lady

and the Wawa Dam has claimed the lives of over 40 people starting 2007 according to a local. An engkanto named, Pandora was the reason behind the deaths. Every holy week, almost 15 to 16 people died in the dam

Why does Pandora lure young men into the depths of the Wawa River?

The elders near Wawa River warn young men of Pandora, a nymph said to be luring young men into the river and drowning them. Is there a reason behind Pandora's affairs? (Date aired: October 24, 2014) Oct 29, 2014

Look also the article HERE


The Legend of the Magat River

Look the description of the legend


The Legend of Maria Makiling

2 parts: part 1 and 2


Maria Makiling, Short Film
Roselyn Labsan Dec 23, 2017
A Project by Lorma SHS students

Look the description of the legend and Mt. Makiling


in the album Great Places to Visit

Halloween Special 2019, mysterious stories in Laguna, Rizal and Quezon
GMA Public Affairs October 25, 2019

Biyahero Drew delved into the eerie and mysterious stories in Laguna, Rizal and Quezon.


Leopoldo Y. Yabes

With the possible exception of Lam-ang and Kannoyan, hero and heroine or the Ilocano epic, perhaps there are no more famous characters in Ilocano saga than Angalo and Aran cyclopean beings who according to some Ilocano myths, were the first beings on earth.

Biag ni Lam-ang



The 7 Biraddali Sisters
In English, Tagalog Translation, Bicol Sorsogon Translation and Animation
Elise Mendoza December 31, 2017

Everyone thinks the biraddali are myths on earth, we’re just too careful to let ourselves be seen. Except for one occasion, one time when one of us let our guard down. You see, us seven sisters take the rainbow down to earth to remove our silver wings and relax and bathe in the fresh mountain springs.


Sulu: The 7 Biraddali Sisters
September 28, 2019

You can listen to the story told in Filipino in the Video (HD)

‘Us seven sisters take the rainbow down to earth to remove our silver wings and relax and bathe in the fresh mountain springs. One day, a human saw our wings on the ground and threatened to make us his wives.’
Originally chronicled by Gerald Rixhon in his 1973 book Sulu Studies No. 2, the story was republished in a 2010 compilation of his works entitled Voices from Sulu: A Collection of Tausug Oral Traditions.

In Abra, a mythical giant looks for his mate

The footprints of Angalo, or tugot ni Angalo in Ilocano

Look also the above link

Legend of Lake Pinamaloy, Bukidnon, Mindanao

January 21, 2016
The beautiful lake of Don Carlos, which is like a guitar-shaped from the aerial view, got its name from an old fable or fairy tale story shared to the new generation.

Look also HERE

Tales From the Mouth of the Halawod River

The Hinilawod epic tells the story of the exploits of the three demigod brothers, Labaw Donggon, Humadapnon and Dumalapdap of Panay.

this article

Look also HERE, HERE and HERE and the Videos:

Hinilawod Discovering a Pinoy epic

The story of the discovery of Hinilawod by renowned anthropologist F. Landa Jocano is a mini-epic itself encompassing a period of years until this longest known Filipino epic had been translated from its original oral form into the written language. Then a college student, Jocano serendipitously discovered the epic in 1955 while traveling the hinterlands of his home province, Iloilo, collecting folk songs, stories, and riddles. He heard portions of the story sung by Ulang Udig, a former babaylan or native priest. The portions he relayed to Jocano and his colleague was five hours on voice record.

Look the full description of the videos in this album HERE and more on the above links

The Manananggal

(sometimes confused with the Wak Wak in some areas by the Filipinos) is a mythical creature of the Philippines

Manananggal is an aswang that can fly after separating itself from the lower half of its body. A manananggal is described as being an older, beautiful woman (as opposed to an aswang), capable of severing its upper torso in order to fly into the night with huge bat-like wings to prey on unsuspecting, pregnant women in their homes; using an elongated proboscis-like tongue, it sucks the hearts of fetuses or blood of an unsuspecting, sleeping victim. The severed lower torso is left standing and it is said to be the more vulnerable of the two halves. Sprinkling salt or smearing crushed garlic or ash on top of the standing torso is fatal to the creature. The upper torso then would not be able to rejoin and will die at daybreak. The name of the creature originates from an expression used for a severed torso: manananggal comes from the Tagalog, tanggal (cognate of Malay tanggal) which means to remove or to separate. Manananggal then means the one who separates itself from its lower body.

Alamat, A Philippine Folktales, Myths and Legends Page
The Legend of Sampaguita flower

Look also HERE

The Legend Of Maria Cristina Falls

Look also HERE

The Stories Behind the White Lady in Balete Drive
Jul 05, 2013 by Shaina Sanchez
Various versions of stories about the identity of this notorious white lady have arisen in the past.
The "white lady" is said to be the ghost a teenage girl that died in a car accident in the area many years ago. The tale is believed to be a hoax of a newspaper reporter.
Look also HERE and HERE

AND the Video: White lady, nakitang umaangkas daw sa mga sasakyan?
GMA Public Affairs February 26, 2020
Naging usap-usapan sa isang kalsada sa San Rafael, Bulacan na mayroon daw white lady na umaangkas sa mga motorista. May katotohanan kaya ito?

Tikbalang, the Demon Horse

The Tikbalang (also written as Tigbalang, Tigbalan, or Tikbalan - translates as 'demon horse') is a creature of Philippine folklore said to lurk in the mountains and forests of the Philippines.

Tikbalangs are said to scare travelers and lead them astray. Tikbalangs play tricks on travelers such that they keep on returning to an arbitrary path no matter how far he goes or where he turns.

Look also HERE and HERE


Awayan: Philippine Mythological Creatures

Mythical Creatures of the Philippines
Truth or Fiction?
Elise Easterbrook


The Sarimanok is a legendary bird of the Maranao people

Look also HERE

Chocolate Hills legends

 How the Chocolate Hills Came to Be


The rainbow legend from the Philippines its one of the most loved ones

The Myth of the Banana Plant

Tale of the Banana Tree

The Legend of Pineapple & the Myth on the Origin of the Pineapple

the Video

The Legend of Pineapple

A re-telling of an old Filipino legend by Candy Gourlay

The Myth about Dama de Noche

The Philippines´ Legends and Myths

The Makahiya - Legend of the Dama de Noche

Legend of Alitaptap (Fireflies)

The Code of Kalantiaw
The Maragtas Legend

and Pedro A. Monteclaro's Foreword to the Readers of Maragtas

The Legend of Mayon Volcano – Romeo and Juliet of the Philippines

The Legends of Mt. Mayon

The story of two lovers not unlike Romeo and Juliet

The story of an uncle Magayon

Magayon Festival, the annual celebration derived from the legend of the Mayon volcano, referred to as a beautiful maiden, "daragang magayon."

Mayon Volcano, also known as Mount Mayon

and the Videos

The Legend of Mayon Volcano

The Greed that Created the Hundred Islands
Ancient Philippine Creation Myth: The Legend of the Three Races
Ancient Philippine Creation Myth: The Legend of Malakas and Maganda
Folktales An Introduction Folktales An Introduction


Folktales from the Philippines Folktales from the Philippines

How the First Head Was Taken 
The Man with the Coconuts
The Boy Who Became a Stone
The Reward of Kindness
The Presidente Who Had Horns
Juan Wearing a Moneky's Skin
The Monkey and the Crocodile

Folktales from the Philippines (2) Folktales from the Philippines

How the First Head Was Taken
The Man with the Coconuts
The Boy Who Became a Stone
The Carabao and the Shell

Folktales from the Philippines (3) Philippine Folk Tales
Mable Cook Cole 1916
So many, so it´s not possible to list them here.
Look also HERE
Mayoyao Ifugao Hudhud volume 1 Mayoyao Ifugao Hudhud - Storybook volume 1

Mayoyao Ifugao Hudhud volume 2

Filipino Legends and Folktales Filipino Legends and Folktales

Bibliography Plan by Dr. Nahl - Robin Fancy

Folktales and Chants of Tadian Folktales and Chants of Tadian, Mountain Province

Mary T. Dumanghi

Women in Philippine Folktales Women in Philippine Folktales
Mila D. Aguilar

Sagacious Marcela
Ludovico’s choice of wife
Mariang Sinukuan
The “virtuous and beautiful wife”

Legend of Lanao Lake The Legend of Lanao Lake

Michelle Kitma

Look the legend as pdf  HERE

Visayan Folktales

This link is very often dead, but comming up again, so try again later

Cebuano and Visayan Folktales



the Video: The Aswang Phenomenon
an exploration of the aswang folklore and its effects on Philippine society.
The Aswang Phenomenon is the first in-depth documentary regarding the aswang myth. The video features the full 77-minute documentary, not just a few minutes. The documentary is written and directed by Jordan Clark and features Maricel Soriano and Peque Gallaga. Produced by High Banks Entertainment Ltd.


'Aswang' killed by neighbor in Bacolod City
Jun 6, 2020 GMA Public Affairs

A man believed to be an "aswang" by his neighbor was found dead outside his house in Barangay Estefania.
The victim, Leodegario Gulmatico, 74, suffered several injuries.
The suspect, Christopher Trocio, 31, immediately surrendered to the police after the incident.
Trocio argued he decided to kill Gulmatico, who he believes is an "aswang" (supernatural creature), to spare people from being eaten and killed by Gulmatico.

Datu Puti - Philippine Legend

Sigbin or Zegben

Philippine Folklore Stories

The Tobacco of Harisaboqued
The Pericos
Quicoy and the Ongloc
The Passing of Loku
The Light of the Fly
Mangita and Larina
How the World Was Made
The Silver Shower
The Faithlessness of Sinogo
Catalina of Dumaguete
The Fall of Polobolac
The Escape of Juanita
The Anting-Anting of Manuelito
When the Lilies Return

Look about Children´s book with myths etc. HERE

Kalinga Legends and myths of Kalinga, Philippines

Virginia Gaces



MANOLO BALLUG as passed on by the elders.

Look the legend as pdf


A project on Philippine Literature at Bulacan State University (BSU) Sarmiento campus at our group-report regarding The infamous Legend of the Kalinga tribe named The Legend of sleeping beauty, Look more and the whole story about the legend on the above link


Misteryo ng San Juanico Bridge - Urban Legend
Published on Jul 9, 2018

Pag-usapan natin ang Urban Legend tungkol sa pagkakagawa ng San Juanico Bridge noong 1969.


The lost city of Biringan
Published on Apr 17, 2017 - Aired: April 16, 2017

Isa sa pinakasikat na Pinoy Urban Legend ay tinaguriang ‘nawawalang siyudad’ ng Biringan sa Samar. Susubukang hanapin at alamin ng KMJS team ang katotohanan sa ‘siyudad’ na ito.

Look MUCH more:
Biringan city
The city is said to be located in Samar. It is also designated as a barangay of Pagsanghan, Samar. According to the local folklore, the population of Biringan comprises supernatural beings: the encantos ("enchanted ones"), and their progeny with the humans. The encantos are described as shapechangers who can take human form. In their human form, they are said to lack a philtrum between their nose and lips.

BIRINGAN CITY, Invisible City, Engkanto

Filipino Popular Tales

Filipino Popular Tales - Fansler, Dean S.

More than 100 myths, tales, stories

Look the contents - titles of all the tales HERE


AN IGOROT CULTURE HERO by William Henry Scott


ArtiFact and ArtiFiction

dinggot conde prieto
Banwa ko nga ingmatan
Banwa ko nga iristaran
Yang mga tag-banwa
Y ang mga taga-poroporoan...

Flood Myths Flood Myths from the Philippines by D. L. Ashliman
Myths from Different Regions of the Philippines

Adam and Eve
Creation Story
Big Dipper in the Sky
Origin of the Stars
Why the Sky Is Curved
Why the Sky Is High
Why the Sun Shines More Bright
Legend of the Married River
The Legend of Princess Macapuno
The Origin of Rice
Why There Is High Tide
Dead Come Back No More
Jars Brought from the Village
Gods and Goddesses
The First Monkey
How the Angels Built Lake  Lanao

The Soul Boat and the Boat-Soul

The Soul Boat and the Boat-Soul: An Inquiry into the Indigenous “Soul”

Maria Bernadette L. Abrera, Ph.D. Associate Professor of History. Department of History, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City

This paper will explore the indigenous world view in the Philippines and in particular, the concept of the soul in the animist context, as revealed in the pre-colonial rituals involving the use of the boats.

The two legends that we know behind the Pascua


e.g. POINSETTIA or Pascua and the panunuluyan and the parol

The Bontoc Igorot
Albert Ernest Jenks, Manila 1905

So many good informations, illustrations and photos from that time also about Beliefs - Superstitions

Myth  about: Black Rice - Forbidden Black Rice
the Ghost Month

go to overview

What is Ghost Month? 5 things you need to know
August 22, 2017

Every year, Ghost Month affects wedding dates, business deals, and even the Philippine stock market – here's what you need to know to fend off bad luck.
Every year around August, Feng Shui experts warn us against a slew of activities, lest misfortunes happen.
The annual Ghost Month affects more aspects of your life than you think, having a hand in business openings, the Philippine stock market, and even wedding plans.

Want to stay lucky on ghost month? Wear red panties
ABS-CBN News Aug 10 2015
Wearing red underwear may ward off spirits during the so-called ghost month, a feng shui expert said.


Pinoy Ghost Month

According to Chinese tradition, Feng Shui, the so-called "ghost month" designated in the calendar from August 14 to September 12, this year is "the time when the gate of hell will open to allow the ghosts and spirits to go back to the living world."

Ghost month begins tomorrow
Aug 17, 2020 CNN Philippines
It’s the beginning of ghost month tomorrow. Feng Shui master Marites Allen tells us how to prepare for it.

And MORE videos

Beliefs - Superstitions - Amulets - etc.

Look also above Babaylan culture


Pinoy New Year’s Eve superstitions

Filipino-Chinese New Year

go to overview

Early filipino in the pre-hispanic period

Filipino beliefs and practices before the arrival of the Spaniards.

Or look as pdf HERE or as Video

Remark this is an album in the album "Philippine History"

Spooky school stories: UP Los Baños edition
by Jerico Levita, Maria Isabella Ordoñez, and Mille Graziella Lisse Wy October 31, 2018

For countless years, these spooky stories have passed on from generation to generation – sending chills running down everyone's spines

Spooky school stories: University of St. La Salle edition
by Hezron G. Pios and Lance Christian M. Juarez October 31, 2018
From ghosts haunting the halls and rooms of the school to apparitions that disappear in the blink of an eye, University of St. La Salle has its own share of spooky stories.

Spooky school stories: Bicol University edition
by Lea Boringot, The Bicol Universitarian October 31, 2018
Creatures of myth and horror stories passed down from one generation of BUeños to another

Look more Spooky school stories

Burial traditions customs superstitions in the Philippines

Filipino Superstition on Death & Illness

Filipino Beliefs, Contradictions, Value
Understand your BFF: What their zodiac sign says about your friends
Monch the Mystic March 07, 2018

Always in sync with your best friend? Your compatibility may have been written in the stars!

The anting-anting, the Philippine amulet, is an essential part of the Filipino folk credo and mythological makeup

Agimat or bertud or Anting-anting is also a Filipino system of magic and sorcery with special use of the mentioned talismans, amulets

Look also HERE


Look the article as pdf HERE


Powers ng Anting-anting
ABS-CBN News Apr 28, 2019
Look into the roots of the Filipinos’ belief on amulets, and shows different kinds of stones and charms.


Gayuma tokhang
Feb 11, 2017
Video and editing by RYAN LEAGOGO
Gayuma, according to Filipino folk belief, gayuma is a love potion that is used to attract a mate.
The term gayuma may also refer to spells that bring love, bind couples, snatch someone's lover, or end an affair. Other than a potion or a spell, a gayuma may also take the form of a charm.


Amulets against "tokhang"
Feb 20, 2017
Kat Domingo keeps us in the loop on amulets that supposedly protects its owner against "tokhang".


The belief system involving the Engkanto/Engkantado or Engkantada. Diwatas/Engkantada (from Spanish: encantada, "enchantress, charmed") or engkanto (from Spanish: encanto, "spell, incantation, charm") are fairies, nymphs, goddesses or enchanted persons who are believed to guard natural creations such as forests, seas, mountains, land and air.

“Rural peoples of the Philippines believe in the existence of, as well as the influence exercised in the human lives by, superhuman beings called engkantos. The belief is found in Luzon quite common in Bisayas and in Mindanao.”

Look the article as pdf HERE



Belief in Supreme God
Philippine Trinity

Look the article as pdf HERE

Growing spirituality among Filipinos

mark alba escobar

Superstitious Beliefs

How Do They Affect a Believer's Faith?

As considered the major Catholic country in Asia and at the same time has plenty of superstitions, Philippines situates itself in the subject of further delving to make things more clarified about its people religiosity and superstitions.

Look the article as pdf HERE

Superstitions are beliefs or practices for which there appears to be no rational substance.

Here are some of the rituals performed by the elders and folks in different provinces in the Philippines.

Look the article as pdf HERE

The Mangkukula

is the Filipino equivalent of a western witch or sorcerer, the name deriving from the word kulam. Another term is brujo ('bruho' for warlocks), bruja (woman) - brujo (man) - ('bruha' for witches). The verb kulamin (koo-lah-min) means "to place a hex". And a curse in Filipino is a sumpa (soom-pah).

About Philippines recommend this site with MUCH more about:
Mythology, Creatures & Monsters

Mambabarang and Mangkukulam
KULAM: Filipino Witchcraft and Sorcery Revealed

Talks about the True Filipino Witchcraft and Sorcery methods for Healing, Revenge, Love, and Everyday Life. Details about the Supernatural Beings will also be explained in some blog entries. Use the methods in your own risks.

Mangkukulam is a person employing or using Kulam. Kinukulam is the target of the Kulam. Nakulam means someone or something experiencing the effects of the Kulam. Kulamin means to bewitch or to hex. Ipakulam to get to be bewitched or hexed. Makulam means to be able to bewitch or to become bewitched; hexed.

Look also HERE and HERE




Misteryo: A Documentary about Kulam

A documentary of GMA's Imbestigador features mangkukulam or those practicing witchcraft.
Is witchcraft for real?
There have been tell tales about witches and what can they do to harm others. In Front Row's documentary 'Kulam,' we discover the world of the unknown. Oct 21, 2014
Do you believe in "kulam?"
A quack doctor or "manggagamot" approaches Tin's mother and told her that she's been victimized by a 'kulam'. Little did they know, this "manggagamot" is just a fraud. Nov 2, 2016
Are big old trees homes to supernatural beings?

Why do most elementals and other beings in Philippine folklore live on big old trees? What is it about trees that have made them notorious habitats for supernatural beings? Oct 22, 2014

What tickles your fancy?

In this week's episodes clinical psychologist Dr. Margie Holmes talks about fetishes. Jul 26, 2014 & Aug 23, 2014

Remark: Part 1 and 2 are both in one video

Read also about Fetishism


MGA PAMAHIIN - Folk Beliefs

Use the link in the left side of the page to many good informations about "beliefs" in the different regions and different subjects:

Love, Courtship and Marriage
Conception and Childbirth
Money and Fortune
Food and Eating
House, Home and Family
Illness and Death
Numbers and Colors
Signs and Premonitions
Bad and Good Luck

Regional Folk Beliefs:



Pregnancy and Childbirth
Death and Burial

Superstitions and Beliefs

Philippine beliefs and superstition have grown in number throughout the various regions and provinces in the country. These beliefs have come from the different saying and superstitions of our ancestors that aim to prevent danger from happening or to make a person refrain from doing something in particular. These beliefs are part of our culture, for one derives their beliefs from the influences of what their customs, traditions and culture have dictated to explain certain phenomena or to put a scare in people.

Filipino Superstitions

Top Superstitious Beliefs of Filipinos
Filipino Traits, Traditions & Beliefs: Beliefs on Illness and Death

March 6, 2012 by Felix Fojas

Like any other racial group in the world, present-day Filipinos have their own set of superstitious beliefs they have inherited from their ancestors.

Holy Week superstitions in the Philippines
Reynaldo Santos Jr. Apr 04, 2015

What's the difference between getting wet on Good Friday and on Easter Sunday? The Holy Week observance in the Philippines has combined the religious faith with folk and even pagan beliefs.

Look more in the section Palm Sunday/Passion Sunday - Semana Santa "Holy Week" (Mahal na Araw) - Easter

10 Filipino Superstitious Beliefs that Has Great Influence in their Life
Famous Wedding Superstitions Most Famous Wedding Superstitions in the Philippines

Look also HERE

Palaspas or Palm Fronds as Amulets?

April 3, 2012 by jptan2012

Growing up with a devout Catholic maternal grand mother, I’m quite familiar with how Catholics looks at a Palaspas or Palm Fronds. My Lola would always tell me that a palaspas is what saves us from the devil during Holy Week, because, she explains, this is the time when Christ is at his weakest. Like most superstitious Catholics, my Lola has a lot of beliefs that are technically not espouse by the Church.

Look the article as pdf HERE Look also HERE

Superstitions - Baptism Filipino superstitions - Baptism
Filipino Superstitions

Filipino Superstitions about Christmas etc.

Compiled by Laura B. Corpuz

10 Filipino Superstitious Beliefs during Wakes

Filipino Superstitious Beliefs on Good Luck

Filipino Superstition on Death & Illness
Superstition That Evil Causes Illness
Other Filipino Superstitious Beliefs

Filipino Superstitions Filipino Superstitions
Filipino Traits, Traditions & Beliefs:

Beliefs on House, Home and Family

Beliefs on Bad Luck and Good Luck

Casiguran Agta - Casiguran Dumagat

Culture, beliefs etc.
Jesus T. Peralta

Look the article as pdf HERE

The Problem with Superstitions.

So when you believe that superstitions are harmless…think again. By pinoyatheist.


‘Sayaw ng Pag-asa,’ a documentary on Fertility Rites in Obando
May 26, 2016 - Aired: May 21, 2016

Samahan si Sandra Aguinaldo si kanyang pakikilahok sa taunang Fertility Rites sa Obando, Bulacan. Matutunghayan ang mga karanasan, kwento at pagpapasalamat ng mga mag-asawang umaasang mabibiyayaan ng anak sa pamamagitan ng pagdalo sa nasabing pista.

Remark this is an album in the album Obando Fertility Festival - Ritual - Music and Dance of Bulacan in the album Culture - Festivals - Fiestas - Events

Ibanag Heritage Foundation Inc. - IHFI


Religious and Beliefs

Programs, Projects and Activities

Ibanag Childbirth Rituals - Beliefs

The Dead, River Spirits, & a Magic Hat

alex felipe

Filipino Superstitions on Death

Filipino Myths of Death

The Soul Boat and the Boat Soul

Filipino Superstition on Death & Illness
Filipino Myths of Death Filipino Myths of Death and Speciation : Content and Structure
Indigenous Religious Beliefs and Cosmology of the Filipino

Supreme God
Filipino Trinity?
Ritual and Practice

Developing a Philippine Philosophy

the DAKIT tree at Ilihan The myth of the DAKIT tree at Barangay Ilihan, Toledo City, Cebu

In 1920 up to the present and might be forever, the tree stands mystical, fantastic and intriguing.

Bisayan Folk Beliefs and Customs Bisayan Folk Beliefs and Customs

Francisco Demetrio

Beliefs and Practices Beliefs and Practices of Muslim Women in Mindanao

Grace Edmar Elizar-del Prado

Beliefs in Malingin Culture Beliefs, Traditions and Practices in Malingin
Religion and Spiritual Beliefs Religion and Spiritual Beliefs in the Philippines

Alisa Pierson


Philippine Culture, Traditions, Values and Beliefs of Filipinos

Remark this is an album in the album Filipino Culture and Traditions & Tradition vs. Modernization


Filipino Superstitions


Pregnancy beliefs in the Philippines

babybuchug wrote on Jun 14, 2010: Here are some pregnancy beliefs or pregnancy sayings that I have heard from the elders in our country. Majority of modern Filipinos do not believe in them but they are nice to share with everyone. - I got the dates mixed up! All the while I thought that June 12 is this Monday because it's a holiday! :)) Ooopsy! I blame it on too much bed rest haha :)


Pilipino Folklore and Superstitions

Sac State Kappa Psi Epsilon & Chi Rho Omicron



BETCHsin wrote on May 25, 2008: so... we made another video FINALLY! after sooo long, we decided to do a video about common filipino superstitions that we both were familiar with. we wanted to show how silly the logic of these superstitions are but we didn't want to make fun of it cause many filipinos have believed in them for sooo long. but anyways, we learned most of these superstitions by hearing it from family members, especially our lolas.



- Turn the plate around when someone leaves the table to prevent a car accident.
- Don't face your bed towards the door or closet or you will die early, as a casket goes out the door. Either that, or the evil spirits will pull you out.
- If you put your face in a weird position, it will stay like that forever.


To the Banwaon tribe in Agusan del Sur, man can never own a tree

'I-Witness' host Kara David ventures into the forest to document the datus' animist rituals and beliefs. Aug 23, 2013


Behind the scenes of Kara David's "I-Witness" docu on Banwaon

In August 2013, Kara David and her I-Witness documentary team travelled to Agusan del Sur to shoot a documentary entitled "Ang mga Datu ng Mahagsay" about the Banwaon tribe. Oct 2, 2013

Remark this is an album in the album MANOBO - Their culture and beliefs


Subanen food offering

2007 in LakeWood, Zamboanga del Sur

Remark this is an album in the album Subanen Tribe

Look also HERE


Videos in the album Traditional New year and New year superstitions with:

Filipino New Year's Superstitions

AzNislander143 wrote Jan 1, 2012: YAY! First ever video up on the first day of 2012 Here's a few Filipino superstitions during the New Year and a cover of the classic "Auld Lang Syne" Hope you enjoy and Happy New Year's.

New Year's Eve - Day - Etc.

Haunted Houses - Places - Etc.

Go to overview


Top 10 most haunted places in PH
ABS-CBN News Jun 30, 2013

Aside from its natural wonders, the Philippines is also known for places that can pull off a good scare. So prepare for horror as Rated K lists down the Top 10 haunted places in the Philippines.

Scary Stories at These Haunted Places in Baguio City
Oct 14, 2019 Baguio City Guide

The rich history of Baguio City has brought about a gloomy past that has made the city a go-to tourist destination not just because of the weather and lush pines, but also because of the different kind of chills you might experience when you go to these different haunted places in Baguio City

Scary Stories At These 5 Haunted Places In Baguio City
Baguio is said to be home to wandering souls who have unfinished business and thus are walking around some of the now popular haunted places in the city.

Kaba sa Haunted House
ABS-CBN News October 27, 2019
"Rated K" investigates an abandoned house in Bunawan, Davao City believed to be haunted by ghosts. Experts assess the veracity of supposed paranormal activities captured by CCTV cameras around the house.

'Antigong Ligaw,' dokumentaryo ni Jay Taruc (full episode)
Aug 7, 2015

Employees of an antique shop report hearing strange noises and seeing ghostly images. Jay Taruc sets out to investigate if these reported hauntings are true.

Are ghosts really haunting Malacañang?
October 31, 2016 by Ruth Abbey Gita

Malacañang Palace, with its grandiose structure, is believed to house not only the country’s highest top official but also many supernatural forces.
Spine-tingling eerie stories – unwelcome presence of dead presidents and other elements – still dogged Malacañang Palace to date.
At least one of the Palace’s current employees, Beldad Gantalao, could attest to the spooky tales in the President’s official residence.


in the album Architecture, Heritage, Present & Ethnic etc.

Baguio City Guide Oct 24, 2019

The Diplomat Hotel is undeniably very well known as one of the most haunted places not just in Baguio City but in the entire Philippines. We already know that for sure, so why don't we take a trip down to memory lane to revisit the past and find out how it has become this hauntingly beautiful place visited by many. Learn about the history of the Diplomat Hotel


Rember Gelera’s Diplomat Hotel
Oct 31, 2016

Nakapanayam ng KMJS sina Jannel Montero at Sein Bondoc mga turistang dumalaw sa Diplomat Hotel, ngunit sa di inaasahang pangyayari ay may nahagip na hindi inaasahan ang kanilang mga camera. Alamin ang kasaysayan ng Diplomat Hotel ang sinasabing ‘haunted hotel’ sa Baguio City.

The Laperal Guesthouse, popularly known as Laperal White House is an attraction in Baguio City which is listed as one of Baguio's haunted places and one of the world's most haunted locations.

Inside Baguio’s Most Haunted: The Laperal White House

and the Videos

in the album: Laperal White House in Baguio City


Casa Nicolasa

Casa Nicolasa is the oldest "bahay-na-bato" in San Fernando, Pampanga. But aside from its architectural beauty, rumors about paranormal activity within its walls are rife.

Clark Air Base Hospital, Pampanga

is now an abandoned hospital, but it looks alive and well, without walls and interiors, the hospital was used during the world war 2 and most of the patients here are soldiers who are casualties of war, and not only from the world war but also during the year of Vietnam War. Haunted hospitals are the most scariest place ever, because it’s a tug of war place for life and death.

The Facebook: Clark Abandoned Hospital

the Videos UPDATED Oct 29, 2018 in the album Clark Air Base Hospital, Pampanga an abandoned haunted hospital:
Abandoned Hospital in Angeles city Clark Pampanga
Ang misteryo ng abandonadong ospital sa Pampanga

Got fear of cemeteries? These are the sites to visit in the Cordillera
Frank Cimatu November 01, 2019

If you leave through John Hay’s main gate going to the PMA, you will pass by one of two Phil-Am veterans cemeteries.... the White Lady of Loakan sometimes hitches a ride there, taxicab drivers would attest.
And read also about these haunting cemeteries:
The Baguio Cemetery - Sagada Episcopalian Cemetery

Filipino Traditional Games - Etc

All Videos in this section are albums in the album Traditional Filipino Games

Look also Ethnic - Indigenous Tribal games

go to overview

Games and Amusements Board
is the one encharged in implementing rules and regulations governing the conduct of all professional sports and games locally and the activities of professional athletes, game officials and officiating sports personnel.
Traditional Filipino Games or traditional games in the Philippines are games commonly played by children, usually using native materials or instruments.

Many good descriptions of the different games

Filipino Games

Here, you can find more games that are played “Only in the Philippines”.

These are agawang sulok, araw-lilim, bulong pari, iring-iring, kapitang bakod, lawin at sisiw, luksong-tinik, patintero, palo-sebo, piko, presohan, pusa at aso, taguan, takip-silim, tawanan and viola.

Traditional Filipino Games Traditional Filipino Games

a symbol of our national identity and pride.

Upon the desire of the Bureau of Physical Education and School Sports (BPESS) to foster patriotism, nationalism and appreciation of traditional games among the youth, it embarked on a difficult but fruitful task to search and record the traditional games from the different regions of the country. So many good descriptions with rules

Look also HERE




Traditional Filipino Games

Different examples of different traditional games
Sungka - A traditional filipino game

Sungka is a Philippine mancala game which is today also played wherever Philippine migrants are living. Like the closely related congkak it is traditionally a women's game. Although the sungka rules are not much different from those of congkak, sungka is perceived as a genuinely Philippine game by native players.

Look the full description of the video


Bato Lata

e.g. grybldrs:D wrote: Nowadays, there are still children playing "Bato-lata". Like in this video, I let my son experienced the old game though he's fond of the so-called, "technology" like using tablet, mobile phones and operating the computer - watching youtube the whole day. Playing the old games are really so much fun like our childhood days.. :) Jan 21, 2015


Buluang Elementary Play Day
Aug 22, 2017 Peter White

The annual day of athletic competition at a small country school. This was originally shot in 2013.


Games Filipinos play

Tatak Noypi discusses what are the Filipino games Pinoy does in their free time.

Jun 27, 2014

12 traditional filipino games

Games - Traditional - Palayok - Hampas-Palayok - also known as Pukpok Palayok

The Tagalog words hampas and pukpok mean 'to hit.'

Look how it's played in the album. The player who successfully smashes the palayok is given a prize.

Filipino Kid's Play, Plaything and Playground

"If you carry your childhood with you, you never become older."

Look the article as pdf  HERE

Filipino Traditional Games That I Used to Play

Traditional Games in the Philippines

So many good examples of traditional games!

Look the great article as pdf HERE


Filipino Wedding Shower Game

The object of the Wedding Shower game is to have Player 1 insert the stick into the toilet role between Player 2's legs. Player 1 is blind folded and has to be instructed by Player 2. Fun Times! The wise married couples showed newlyweds and the upcoming bride and groom how "it's" done.

Martial arts

go to overview

Senkotiros - Filipino Martial Arts

Filipino Martial Tradition

Filipino Martial Arts

Sword Stick Society

Sayaw - Filipino Folk Dances & the Fighting Arts



Arnis: Grandmaster Rodel Dagooc
ABS-CBN News Sep 20, 2019

Grandmaster Dagooc talks about the practicality and effectiveness of arnis and looks back on learning the martial art when he came to Manila to find work. He then explains how he began his career as a martial arts teacher. After arnis gained more attention in the 1980s, Dagooc began receiving invitations to conduct arnis seminars abroad. He then used the money to start his own arnis cane manufacturing business. He demonstrates how to make grade A arnis canes and talks about the legacy he hopes to leave behind.


Filipino Martial Arts Documentaries


Tikas at Lakas, Traditional Martial Arts, Part 1 and 2


GMA Public Affairs Jul 29, 2019
Arnis athlete, ikinuwento ang aral na itinuro sa kanya ng Filipino martial art
GMA Public Affairs Published on Jul 31, 2019

Like many chubby girls, Kamya was bullied as a child. She was kicked out of kindergarten when she punched one of her bullies, who happened to be the daughter of the school owner.
An embittered Kamya was on her way to being a bully herself when a teacher suggested she try out for the school’s arnis team. She found her calling in the national sport. Now a consistent medalist, Kamya is a disciplined athlete and a leader on her team.
In the arnis hotbed of Cebu, the documentarians hang out in the busy gym of the celebrated Cañete clan of arnisadors.
There even petite girls learn how to tightly control their aggression while training to use any available object to gouge out an attacker’s eyes.
It’s the hub of martial artists of all ages, one of the Philippines’ oldest living traditions and now practiced by martial artists in dozens of countries.
Look the FULL description in English and Filipino languages

Cebuano Martial Arts
Orders, decorations, and medals

go to overview

Definition of Terms.

The following terms, as used in this Executive Order 236, shall be defined as follows:

Order: An Order is an award that grants membership in an exclusive  association of honored individuals, and which by tradition carries with it distinctive insignia to be worn by recipients.

Decoration: A Decoration is a wearable award usually conferred for a specific act of meritorious service.

Medal: A Medal is a wearable award usually conferred to recognize service and/or achievement or to commemorate a significant event.

For purposes of this Executive Order, Orders, Decorations and Medals, which are awards of the highest prestige, are collectively referred to as Honors.



Executive Order Number 17 Creating Order of Lapu-Lapu

Duterte to confer 'Order of Lapu-Lapu' on supporters of his advocacies
by Pia Ranada April 17, 2017

Orders, decorations, and medals

Look also HERE

Philippine Medal of Valor
is the Philippines' highest military honor awarded for acts of valor above and beyond the call of duty. The medal is awarded by the President of the Philippines to members of the Armed Forces of the Philippines and allied military personnel, including recognized guerrilla forces

FAST FACTS: List of Medal of Valor awardees and their privileges
Carmela Fonbuena December 20, 2017
Marawi hero Army Captain Rommel Sandoval is the latest recipient of Medal of Valor. He is only the 41st to receive the award since 1935.

FACT CHECK: Is the PNP’s 'Medalya ng Kagitingan' different from the 'Medal of Valor?'
Bea Cupin February 15, 2017
While Napolcom recommends the awarding of medals, it is the Special Promotions and Awards Deliberation Board of the PNP that does the deliberations.
Medals Awards and Decorations
Orders, decorations, and medals - ribbons

Look also HERE

Philippine Legion of Honor - rank of Chief Commander

President Benigno S. Aquino III conferred the Philippine Legion of Honor with the rank of Chief Commander to Secretary Jesse M. Robredo posthumous, August 28 2012, the same day as the State Funeral for the late Secretary.

The medal was made by the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, the official manufacturer of State awards

Decorations and Medals of the Philippines



The National Artists of the Philippines

Order of the National Artist of the Philippines

The Order of National Artists, Orden ng Pambansang Alagad ng Sining is the highest national recognition given to Filipino individuals who have made significant contributions to the development of Philippine arts; namely, Music, Dance, Theater, Visual Arts, Literature, Film, Broadcast Arts, and Architecture and Allied Arts.

Look also HERE

The Aesthetics of Philippine Law and the Order of National Artists, 1972-2009

Philippine Nat'l Artists for Literature and Historic Literature

The Presidential Medal of Merit Award given by sculptor Willy Layug of Betis, Pampanga


Remark this is an album National Artists of the Philippines

Organizations and Networks

Organizations and Networks - general

News - Organizations & Forums - Etc. for Balikbayans - OFWs - Worldwide

Expats organizations and forums, etc.

Animals Organizations, Etc.

go to main-overview

Organizations and Networks - general

go to overview


The Videos in the album Etc. Organizations working in the Philippines

The sections with links to these organizations have been closed

Securities and Exchange Commission, SEC

Memorandum Circular No. 15 (MC 15)
Guidelines of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for nonprofits organizations

NGOs REGISTERED AND LICENSED NGOs REGISTERED AND LICENSED to operate by the Department of Social Welfare and Development as of February 25, 2010
NGOs ACCREDITED of DSWD Directory of NGOs ACCREDITED to operate by the Department of Social Welfare and Development


The Philippine Council for NGO Certification or PCNC

PCNC Certification: Why it’s Important

FAQ’s on the Philippine Council for NGO Certification (PCNC)
Fely I. Soledad, Founding Executive Director (PCNC)


PCNC Guidebook on the Basics of NGO Governance

News, Organizations & Forums - Etc. for Balikbayans - OFWs - Worldwide

go to overview

The Global Pinoy Center

is a specialized all-in-one convenience stop within SM Supermalls offering various exclusives services, perks, and privileges to welcome and uplift the Global Pinoys. Membership is being offered to past, present, and future OFWs, Immigrants, Balikbayans, and their immediate Beneficiaries such as parents, spouse, siblings, and children, and guests.

the Video

OFW Journalism Consortium

is a global non-profit media service reporting on the migration experience of Filipinos as well as policies and other issues that concerns the overseas Filipino workers

is the leading overseas job site for applicants who wish to work abroad. All jobs posted are from POEA licensed recruitment agencies only.


Balikbayan - OFW TV program public service in The Filipino Channel (TFC)

Balikbayan Box is a weekly public service OFW TV program in The Filipino Channel (TFC). The show tackles the reality issues of Overseas Filipino Workers and their families. Hosted by young and dynamic personalities Joan Villafuerte, former reporter of Bantay Bata 163, and News Reporter/TV Host Atom Araullo.

This is an album in the album Radio & Television stations

balikbayan Magazine

is a monthly travel and lifestyle journal for balikbayans and Filipino expats

Every issue is a valentine to everything we love about the Philippines. The places in the heart, the faces, the food, the music, the history, the culture, the adventure, the lifestyle, the moments and the memories. It’s the survival guide from A to Z


Atikha Overseas Workers and Communities Initiative, Inc.

Atikha is a non-government organization that provides economic and social services to overseas Filipinos and their families in the Philippines. The organization aims to help address the social cost of migration and tap the development potential of migration.

Migrante International

Migrante International has become an active defender of the rights and welfare of OFWs

Migrante Saudi Arabia

is an alliance of various OFW groups committed to protecting and upholding the rights and welfare of Filipinos in Saudi Arabia and their families in the homefront.


is an organization of Overseas Filipino Workers, migrant returnees, and their families. It was established in 1983, and blossomed into a massive organization with local chapters in Metro Manila and adjacent provinces such as Rizal, Pampanga, Zambales, Pangasinan, Bataan, Ifugao, Benguet, Bicol, Cagayan, Tarlac, Tacloban, Iloilo, Cebu and Zamboanga.


is a self-help association of Overseas Filipino Workers OFW(s) first established in Geneva, Switzerland. KAKKAMPI has K-Groups in Geneva, Switzerland; Barcelona, Spain; and in the Philippines.

The Facebook with links about KAKKAMPI

KAKKAMPI video library

Global OFW Global OFW - The Online Resource for OFWs
Philippine Migrants Rights Watch
Organizations of Overseas Filipinos
The Humanitarian Organisation for Migration Economics (HOME)

There are some 800,000 migrant workers or more in Singapore and HOME has provided direct assistance to more than 50,000 men and women migrants and victims of human trafficking and forced labour, who availed of our programme and services.
Filipino Digerati Association, Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE)

is a non-profit organization which helps expand the skills set of OFWs so they can transition into higher paying work or reintegrate back home. Filipino Digerati is under the auspices of the Philippine Embassy and Consulate in Dubai.

the Video: OFW Skills Go Digital

The Philippine Women´s Network in Denmark
The Filipino association of Denmark
The Filipina Mom in Denmark
Filipino Danish Center
Pinay Exclusive Denmark

is a registered organization in Copenhagen. There are two chapters, one in Copenhagen and Syddanmark. This group aim is to provide information to Filipino and Danish community in Denmark.

Filipino-Icelandic Association (FIA)

Established in 1990, is the first and largest group of Filipinos living in Iceland.

Bayanihan Foundation Worldwide

Filipinos Abroad Helping Filipinos at Home


We are a non-profit organization whose members are Filipinos of Visayan ancestry. Our group is small but united in our goal to contribute to the advancement and betterment of our Filipino communities both here in Hawaii and in the Philippines.


a Cebu Social Networking Site of individuals who interact through specific media, sharing of idea's, news update, potentially crossing geographical and political boundaries in order to pursue mutual interests or goals.

Big Bend Filipino-American Association, Inc.
Filipino American International Youth Development Foundation - FAIYDF

a non-profit organization that helps less fortunate children, youth and individuals in the Philippines in order to promote positive change. Our motto is that "Restoring Lives Fulfilling Dreams.

The Philippine Heritage Council of Manitoba (PHCM), Inc

a non-profit, cultural group comprised of representatives from over 35 member organizations and individuals within the Filipino-Canadian community in Winnipeg.

Beterinaryo SG

is the association of graduates of Veterinary Medicine from the Philippines currently working in Singapore. Its membership comprises Filipino Veterinarians working in various fields.

Beterinaryo SG is an affiliate of the Philippine Veterinary Medical Association.

Filipinos in Thailand
Philippine Society of Safety Practitioners Middle East Region (PSSP-MER)

an organization of 1600+ Filipino safety practitioners and advocates founded and currently based in the Eastern Province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Pilipino Sa Kuwait (PSK)

Look also HERE

Filipino in United Arab Emirates

Look also HERE

Veterinarians - Etc., Pet-animals, Animal Transport - Etc.

Look also

Laws about Veterinary, Animals, Cockfighting

go to overview

Pet Passport

The Pet Travel Scheme, PETS is a system which allows animals to travel easily between member countries without undergoing quarantine. A Pet Passport is a document that officially records information related to a specific animal, as part of that procedure.

Philippines Pet Passport & Quarantine Information

Our worldwide door-to-door pet transportation services handle every detail involved in planning and implementing safe and compassionate pet shipping for our clients.

Your Pet Transportation Specialists

With over a decade of pet shipping experience, our pet relocation specialists know best how to support you.

Jetpets Animal Transport - The trusted Pet Travel Experts
Philippine Airlines - necessary to know.

PET policy for travel as checked baggage

Philippine Veterinary Medical Association (PVMA)
Cebu Veterinary Doctors

the Video

Facility Tour


Vet ng Bayan
Jan 29, 2017

Kilalanin si Dr. Noel Manalo isang beterinaryong mas piniling mag-ikot maglibot sa mga pamayanan upang manggamot ng mga hayop imbes na manatili sa loob ng isang clinic. Sa paglilibot ni Doc Noel kasama si Howie Severino, alamin pa natin ang iba’t ibang kwento ng mga pet owners at anilang mga alaga.

Makati Dog and Cat Hospital - MDCH

opened in 1963. It is our commitment to provide quality veterinary care throughout the life of your pet. Makati Dog and Cat Hospital is one of the oldest veterinary clinic / hospital that caters to the veterinary needs of pets owners not only in Metro Manila but in the entire Philippines.

Philippine Animal Hospital Association, PAHA

Established in 1978 of December. Acknowledging the need for an association to coordinate the activities and represent the interest of veterinary institutions such as veterinary clinics, veterinary hospitals and veterinary diagnostic laboratories, a group of veterinarians formed the Philippine Animal Hospital Association.


We are your #1 pet classified ad listing site. Be a free member of our Philippine Pet Finder website and start listing your classified ads within minutes

Other ethnic Cultural centers in the Philippines - Etc.


Look also Filipino-Chinese, Japanese, Indian Wedding Rituals

go to overview

Exploring Transnational Communities in the Philippines

The volume chronicles the history and emerging trends of South Korean, Japanese and Vietnamese influx and settlement in the Philippines, and describes how these foreign resident populations compare with early foreign inflows into the country.

The Korean Cultural Center in the Philippines, KCC

the Video

Remark this is an album in the album Etc. Organizations working in the Philippines

the videos Korean Pop Culture in the Philippines

The Japan Foundation, Manila (JFM)

Its main objective is to deepen the global understanding of Japan and enhance mutual cooperation through the promotion of various cultural activies like lectures, film festivals, exhibitions and performances.


The Philippine Institute of Japanese Language and Culture


go to overview

The whistle-blowers against Duterte and his close allies
Jodesz Gavilan May 07, 2019

Peter Joemel Advincula, formerly known as Bikoy, is not the first whistle-blower to go public against either President Rodrigo Duterte or his close allies

It's IMPORTANT to look all links in this article

Bikoy says other whistle-blowers will surface after his Senate testimony
Rambo Talabong May 08, 2019 - with Video
EXCLUSIVE: 'Mayroon pang mga kasama ako na lalabas din at papatunayan ang mga unang sinabi ko,' says Peter Joemel Advincula, the man accusing the President's family of drug links

Bikoy applies for state protection
Lian Buan August 05, 2019
'My life and the life of my family... is at risk,' says Peter Joemel Advincula

Bikoy surrenders again to PNP
Rambo Talabong July 29, 2019
Peter Joemel Advincula, the controversial man known as Bikoy, surrendered to the Philippine National Police (PNP) on Monday, July 29, over a warrant of arrest in Legazpi City, Albay.

Bikoy links: IBP mulls disclosing press con details to authorities
Lian Buan July 23, 2019
The Integrated Bar of the Philippines' current and former presidents are included in the Criminal Investigation and Detection Group's inciting to sedition complaint over the Bikoy videos

Lacson: 'Bikoy' backed by PNP officials in 2016
Rambo Talabong May 09, 2019
Senator Panfilo Lacson says active Philippine National Police officials backed Joemel Peter Advincula, also known as 'Bikoy', in 2016

Lacson cancels Bikoy hearing: ‘Enough of this nonsense’
Rambo Talabong May 08, 2019
'We are now recalling the letter of invitation sent to Advincula yesterday. Enough of this nonsense,' says Senator Panfilo Lacson

IBP declines Bikoy's request for legal aid
Lian Buan May 08, 2019
'Mr Advincula may not be provided free legal assistance based on the standards provided for in the National Center for Legal Aid Manual of Operations in approving such requests,' says the IBP

TIMELINE: The 'Bikoy' controversy
Jodesz Gavilan May 08, 2019
This controversy has led to several events, including a warantless arrest, a charge of inciting to sedition, and a whistle-blower going public


Awareness, Attitudes and Structures

Making whistleblowing safe: a view from the Philippines
by/Nica Dumlao 25 November 2015


Protecting Whistleblowers
Is whistle-blowing...


Whistleblower Association of the Philippines
Balitaan - Ulat ni Noel Perfecto: Whistleblower Association of the Philippines, nanawagan kay Benhur Luy at iba pa na magsabi ng totoo. Sep 25, 2013

Why the PH is a safe haven for refugees - Etc.

go to main-overview

1951 Refugee Convention

The 1951 Refugee Convention and 1967 Protocol
The most frequently asked questions about the treaty and its protocol.

Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees

De Lima urges gov't to 'seriously consider' Iranian beauty queen's asylum application
Sofia Tomacruz November 03, 2019

'Let’s do the right thing in the name of human rights,' says Senator Leila de Lima.
Bahari, who arrived in the Philippines last October 16, earlier said she feared would be executed on politically motivated charges were she deported back to Iran.

Philippines grants asylum to Iranian beauty queen
Lian Buan November 08, 2019
Among the benefits is the authorization to work here

Duterte offers refugees a home in the Philippines
Steve Chao 17 November 2016 - with Videos

"Send them to us. We will accept them," the president says at a time many Western nations are closing their borders.

Philippines backs 'long-overdue' UN migration pact
Aika Rey July 14, 2018
United Nations member-states approve the final text of the Global Compact for Migration, upholding the rights of refugees and migrants. The United States has pulled out of the pact, citing its inconsistency with its 'America First' policy.


Why the PH is a safe haven for refugees
June 18, 2015

The Rohingya weren't the first group of refugees to seek asylum in the Philippines.
When anti-communist refugees known as White Russians were forced to flee China due to the advance of the communist army in 1949, only one country opened its doors to them, the Philippines.

Facing persecution at home, Ahmadiyya Muslims find refuge in Manila
Fatima Qureshi January 15, 2019

The Philippines is home to hundreds of refugees who identify as Ahmadiyya Muslims. For decades, followers of the Ahmadiyya faith, a minority sect of Islam, have fallen victim to laws that target them as non-believers in Pakistan. Some of them have sought asylum in the Philippines.


From refugees to Filipinos: How two former refugees found a home in the Philippines
May 7, 2017 UNHCR Philippines

After waiting for years on end in legal limbo, former refugees Maher Mohammad Al Raee and Kamran Karbasi were naturalised as Filipinos in January 2017, decades after they first came to the Philippines after fleeing their home countries because of war and persecution

Rohingya migrants reached PH in 2014
Paterno Esmaquel II Updated May 29, 2015
The United Nations refugee agency calls the Philippines a 'beacon of hope' for thousands of refugees.

the Video: Philippines ready to help Rohingya refugees

Manuel Quezon’s ‘Open Door Policy’ that saved 1,300 Jews from Holocaust remembered
April 10, 2021 Roy Mabasa
The Open Door Policy espoused by former Philippine President Manuel L. Quezon that allowed the entry of approximately 1,300 Jews fleeing the Holocaust in Europe at the onset of World War 2 was the hallmark of a “true leader” and simply the “right thing to do.”
Ten Facts About Refugees in the Philippines
07 Nov 2016 - with video
The Philippines has a long history of resettling displaced refugees into their country, stretching back to the 1940’s

the Videos:
Holocaust Refugees in the Philippines
How Filipinos became heroes during the Holocaust

Humanitarianism: Why is Philippines so generous and accepting to refugees compared to other countries like Egypt Indonesia etc.?

Duterte offers refugees a home in the Philippines
17 November 2016 - with Video
"Send them to us. We will accept them," the president says at a time many Western nations are closing their borders.

The history of the former "Philippine Refugee Centers" and "The Boat People" in the Philippines - Etc.

go to overview

The Philippines Refugee Processing Center (PRPC) (1980-1995)

was a large facility near Morong, Bataan, Philippines, which was used as the final stop for Indochinese refugees making their way to permanent resettlement in other nations.

Important look also these links HERE and HERE and about Palawan Refugee Camp below HERE

Cemetery of Vietnamese refugees at Bataan Processing Centre in Philippines

There are about 300 graves found in this cemetery. Bataan was a Processing Centre established in 1980 and closed down in 1994, now called Bataan Technology Park, in Subic Bay area, 2 hours drive from Manila.


Vietnamese Refugees in the Philippines


The Philippine Refugee Processing Center (PRPC)

was a large facility near Morong, Bataan, Philippines, which was used as the final stop for Indochinese refugees making their way to permanent resettlement in other nations.

Look much more on the above links and the full description of the video HERE


Philippine refugee camp memories


Stateless Vietnamese Refugees in the Philippines 1997 - 2009

A trip down memory lane. A short documentary on VOICE work in the Philippines and what it set out to achieve in the years to come.


and look the 5 videos The last chapter of Vietnamese refugees in the Philippines

and look also the video Introduction of the Archive of Vietnamese Boat People

The former link has been closed, so we will be glad if you can help and send a new link

The Boat People Museum

was set up to commemorate the former Philippine Refugee Processing Center in Morong, Bataan which was used in 1980-1994 as a temporary resettlement and preparation area for boat refugees from Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. The Museum is about the story of suffering, people diaspora, and the triumph of the human spirit. It is about compassion, cooperation among various peoples, NGOs and governments, and about the United Nations. It is a story which unfortunately repeats itself. Yet there are small untold heroes. The Museum was set up with meager funds and volunteer help, mainly from those who were involved earlier as employees of the camp. Photos and small memorabilia were gathered from the villagers, as well as from visitors. An authentic boat that was used in the migration was refurbished and is a real monument to this period.

P.F.A.C. - the Vietnamese Refugee Camp (V.R.C.) in Palawan.

go to overview

PFAC Palawan, Our Second Home Blog

was created as a tribute to the Vietnamese Refugees who used to live in P.F.A.C. or the Vietnamese Refugee Camp (V.R.C.) in Palawan, Philippines. We hope that this blog can serve as a venue or tool to reunite us, bring us closer together once more. Please feel free to post comments or requests below every post. We welcome submissions related to PFAC and its former volunteers and residents.

Palawan Refugee Camp Palawan Refugee Camp

PFAC refugee camp, 1989, Palawan

This is a video (in 6 parts) taken by Mr. Jan Top Christensen, Head of UNHCR Field Office in PFAC, Palawan, Philippines, in 1989.

go to overview

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