REMARK: Many things have been changed since this page has been made, this is:

Archive

with very "Few Important Updates" about:

Regions, Provinces, Administrative divisions, - Etc.

Federalism in PH? - Pros and cons of federalism - Etc.
--
Never forget the roots of your family

Try to imagine, that your grandchildren can´t speak with you in your language......

Learn the family your language, culture and respect the roots!
--
The Philippines is divided into three island groups: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao called Luzviminda sometimes LuzViMinda


(look Photos in full size)

It is a slightly dated feminine given name
--
Look the IMPORTANT pages:

INFORMATIONS (opens in a new window) e.g.:

INDEX with informations!
Use of cookies, About, Privacy and Disclaimer - BLOCKED IPs - Etc.!
Contact us - got no answer?, Help to you - and - Help us, send good links!
and MUCH more!

FIGHT for - Defend Speech & Press freedom:
When Power insists, "you're either with us or against us," the space for a diversity of voices and ideas shrinks.

Here you can select, just click:

Important: Remark, The Territory - Etc.

The island groups:

Hymns of Regions, Provinces, Cities - etc.

The great places to visit

Luzon

Visayan - Visayas

Cebu Province - "Special"

Former Negros Island Region - NIR

Mindanao

Laws: Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), Proposed Bangsamoro Basic Law

Charter Change? - Federalism in PH - Pros and cons of federalism - Etc.

Look also:

Maps of: Philippines, islands, Cities, Municipalities, Barangays - Distance-calculator, etc.

Museums

Court and Justice system

Human Rights

Terrorism

Emergency hotlines

Heritage & History

Our mainpage About Philippines

We recommend also to search for more informations, e.g. you can't trust links to domains of gov.ph - etc. works!

Remark: PowerPoint, eBook, pdf files are marked with - -

Look our Sitemap with headlines of all pages or the Sitemap with only https addresses

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In the left column:

LEFT Click the blue link or logo and REMARK these can be "down in the row", if there are extra blue link(s) in the row in the right column about the subject!
A "top" link Video(s) will open a main-album with video(s) and related sub-album(s) with more video(s) and description(s)
IMPORTANT: Look How to LOOK some of the Videos

In the right column:

Description about what to look and maybe extra blue link(s) about the subject.

This page is from the Archive and will no more be updated!
The Philippines

Look also The Philippine Baseline Law and Know Your Boundaries

Religion and our state
by Fr. Ranhilio Callangan Aquino August 04, 2017

When 'secular state' becomes the reason that religion can no longer publicly manifest itself, that is most assuredly a threat to liberty

Under decentralization: More Ampatuans than Robredos?
by Ronald U. Mendoza and Miann Banaag November 26, 2016

If decentralization (or broader, federalism) is to work, leadership selection must first be made more inclusive and competitive.
This article provides an update on the local government leadership patterns in the country, incorporating the results from the May 2016 elections. Overall, the Philippines’ local governments have become more and more dynastic since 2007.

Administrative divisions

Look also Super regions

LEAGUE OF PROVINCES

Look also HERE and

LEAGUE OF MUNICIPALITIES - LMP

List of cities and municipalities, HERE and HERE

Barangay

Purok

Definitions Barangay – Poblacion – Sitio – Purok

The island groups

Videos

Many videos about all "The below great places to visit"

Look MUCH more about ALL the below regions etc. HERE

Remark there are no links to these many videos in the below sections, so LOOK the left link!

Luzon with these sections:

National Capital Region
NCR; Metro Manila

Cordillera Administrative Region
CAR

Ilocos Region
Region I

Cagayan Valley
Region II

Central Luzon
Region III

CALABARZON
Region IV-A

MIMAROPA
Region IV-B

Bicol Region
Region V

go to overview

National Capital Region
NCR; Metro Manila

Metropolitan Manila is the metropolitan region composed of the City of Manila and the surrounding cities of Caloocan, Las Piñas, Makati, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Navotas, Parañaque, Pasay, Pasig, Quezon City, San Juan, Taguig, and Valenzuela, as well as the Municipality of Pateros.

The region is the political, economic, social, cultural, and educational center of the Philippines. As proclaimed by Presidential Decree No. 940, Metro Manila, as a whole, is the Philippines' seat of government while the City of Manila is the capital. The largest city in the metropolis is Quezon City, while the largest business district is the Makati Central Business District.

go to overview

City of Manila

Capital City

Look also Tondo and Quiapo district and the article:

Manila one of the least safe cities globally – Safe Cities Index
October 19, 2017

Manila ranked number 55 out of 60 major cities in the 2017 edition of the Safe Cities Index

Quezon City - QC

one of the cities that make up Metro Manila

Navotas, officially the City of Navotas

a 1st class city in Metro Manila. The city occupies a narrow strip of land along the eastern shores of Manila Bay.

City of Caloocan
The City of Makati

one of the 17 cities that make up Metro Manila

Malabon

officially the City of Malabon, is one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila. Located just north of Manila

Look also HERE

City of Mandaluyong

one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila

Marikina

officially the City of Marikina, known as the Shoe Capital of the Philippines

Muntinlupa

the southernmost city in NCR

City of Pasig

one of the city municipalities of Metro Manila

Look also FAST FACTS: Pasig City

The City of Las Piñas

Nicknames: Home of the Bamboo Organ, City of Love and Progress, Salt Center of Metro Manila, Lantern Capital of Metro Manila

Taguig

formerly spelled as Tagig is a city in Metro Manila

Pateros

The Municipality of Pateros is a 1st class municipality in Metro Manila

Cordillera Administrative Region
CAR

go to overview

Abra
Bangued

a 1st class municipality in the province of Abra

Bucay

a 5th class municipality in the province of Abra

Apayao

Look also the Video

Benguet
La Trinidad a first class and capital municipality of the province of Benguet
Baguio City

It is geographically within Benguet, serving as the provincial capital from 1901 to 1916, but has since been administered independently from the province following its conversion into a chartered city. The city has become the center of business, commerce, and education in northern Luzon, as well as the seat of government of the Cordillera Administrative Region

Ifugao

look also HERE

Asipulo

a 5th class municipality in the province of Ifugao

Kalinga

look also The pride of Kalinga by/Raiza Cariazo

Balbalan

a municipality of the Province of Kalinga

Mountain Province

look also Mountain Province in Brief

Bontoc

a 3rd class municipality and the capital of Mountain Province. Bontoc is the historical capital of the entire Cordillera region since the inception of governance in the Cordillera.

Bauko

a 4th class municipality in Mountain Province. It is the province's most populous town

Sagada

a 5th class municipality in Mountain Province

Ilocos Region
Region I

Look also HERE

go to overview

Ilocos Norte
Paoay

a 4th class municipality in the province of Ilocos Norte

Laoag City

"Laoag" Ilocano for "light or clarity"

Ilocos Sur
Vigan City

Look the article: Vigan named one of New 7 Wonders cities, Dec 08, 2014

Look MUCH more about "Vigan City" HERE

Candon is a 4th class city in the province of Ilocos Sur
Santa Maria

a 3rd class partially urban municipality in the province of Ilocos Sur

La Union
Tubao

a 4th class municipality in the province of La Union

Barangay POBLACION Tubao, La Union

is the smallest among the 18 barangays in the municipality of Tubao, La Union. It is the nerve center of the political, social, religious and economic activity of the town.

Pangasinan

look also HERE

San Carlos City

a 3rd class city in the Province of Pangasinan. It´s the most populated city in Pangasinan and entire Region 1.

Look also HERE

City of Alaminos, the city of the Hundred Islands.
Binmaley

a 1st class municipality in the province of Pangasinan

Look also HERE

Bani

a 2nd class municipality in the province of Pangasinan

Look also the video about Bani "Nalsoc Cave System" HERE

Calasiao

a 1st class municipality in the province of Pangasinan

Mabini

a 4th class municipality in the province of Pangasinan

Home of the Cacupangan Cave System

Look video about Mabini and Cacupangan Cave HERE

Sison

a 3rd class and northernmost municipality in the province of Pangasinan

Santa Barbara

a 1st class municipality in the province of Pangasinan

Villasis

a 1st class (first class) municipality in the province of Pangasinan

Cagayan Valley
Region II

go to overview

Province of Batanes
Cagayan

Land of Smiling Beauty

Tuguegarao City

the city capital of Cagayan and the regional capital of Region 02. Tuguegarao City is a Center of Excellence in Education, Commerce, Trade and Culture and as the Economic Center of Region 02

Isabela
Nueva Vizcaya
Quirino

Central Luzon
Region III

go to overview

Aurora
Bataan
Balanga City

a 2nd class city in the province of Bataan

Province of Bulacan
Museo ni Marcelo H. del Pilar

Sitio Cupang, Brgy. San Nicolas, Bulakan, Bulacan

The Marcelo H. Del Pilar Shrine is a declared national shrine by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines in honor of Filipino lawyer, poet and propagandist Marcelo H. Del Pilar.

Look also the Video

Bocaue

a 1st class urban municipality

Santa María

or Sta. Maria, officially known as the Municipality of Santa Maria is a 1st class highly urban municipality

City of San Jose del Monte CSJDM
Calumpit, Bulacan

a 1st class urban municipality in the province of Bulacan
Guiguinto, Bulacan

a 1st class urban municipality. Guiguinto is one of the fast-growing municipalities. From a predominating agricultural economy, it gradually urbanized and developed, now part of the Metro Manila conurbation.

Obando

a 2nd class municipality in the province of Bulacan

Nueva Ecija
City of Cabanatuan

a 1st class, partially urban city in the province of Nueva Ecija

City of Palayan

a 5th class city in the province of Nueva Ecija

Pampanga
Angeles City

located within the province of Pampanga in the Philippines is locally classified as a 1st class, highly-urbanized city.

The city administers itself autonomously from Pampanga.

Look also HERE

Minalin

a 1st class municipality in the province of Pampanga

Santa Rita is a 4th class municipality in the province of Pampanga
Sta Rita is popular for the turones de casoy delicacy. It is chiefly a farming town.

Look also Historic houses in Santa Rita, Pampanga

Tarlac
Zambales
The City of Olongapo
Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office - Olongapo City

Look MUCH more about "Disaster Fair 2014 Olongapo City & Disaster Risk Reduction" HERE

CALABARZON
Region IV-A

go to overview

Batangas
Batangas City
Lipa

officially the City of Lipa, is a 1st class component city in the province of Batangas.

Tanauan

officially the City of Tanauan, is a first class city in the province of Batangas. With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the city is now part of Manila's conurbation which reaches Lipa City in its southernmost part.

Mabini

a 1st class municipality in the Province of Batangas

Nasugbu

a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas

San Juan

a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas

Cavite

look also Why Cavite officials swear before this cross
by Miriam Grace A. Go June 28, 2016

Cavite City
Tagaytay, officially the City of Tagaytay

a component city in the province of Cavite

The City of Dasmariñas

a 1st class city in the province of Cavite

City of Trece Martires

a 3rd class city in the province of Cavite

The Municipality of Maragondon

a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cavite

Look also HERE

Laguna
City of Santa Rosa

a city in the province of Laguna

Look about Santa Juana de Cuza of Sta Rosa City

Gusaling Museo

Museo de Santa Rosa, Laguna

Look the article as pdf HERE

Look also HERE

Biñan

officially, the City of Biñan is a 1st class component city. It is located in the Province of Laguna, on the island of Luzon, about 34 kilometres south of Manila, accessible via the South Luzon Expressway and the National Highway.

Look also HERE and the article "Biñan: Diminishing gift of the past"

Lumban

a 3th class municipality in the province of Laguna

Mabitac

a 5th class municipality in the province of Laguna

Pangil

a 4th class municipality in the province of Laguna

San Pablo

a first class city in the southern portion of Laguna province, Philippines, is one of the country's oldest cities. By land area, it is the largest in the province of Laguna.

Quezon
Polillo

a third class municipality in the province of Quezon

Atimonan

a 1st class municipality in the province of Quezon.

City of Lucena

a 1st class highly urbanized medium sized city and is the capital city of the province of Quezon

Municipality of Gumaca

a 1st class municipality in the province of Quezon

Rizal
Cainta

a 1st class urban municipality in the province of Rizal. It is one of the oldest originally founded on August 15, 1571

Binangonan

The Municipality of Binangonan is a first class urban municipality in the province of Rizal

Angono

a first class urban municipality in the province of Rizal. It is known as "Arts Capital of the Philippines"

Look also HERE

MIMAROPA
Region IV-B

go to overview

Marinduque

Look also the Video

Buenavista

a 5th class municipality in the province of Marinduque

Occidental Mindoro
Oriental Mindoro
Palawan
Duterte signs law breaking up Palawan into 3 provinces
April 13, 2019

UPDATED The provinces of Palawan del Norte, Palawan Oriental, and Palawan del Sur will be created upon approval of a majority of voters in a May 2020 plebiscite that excludes Puerto Princesa residents

Confiscation crusaders try to save Philippine paradise - Palawan
by Agence France-Presse December 06, 2017 - with Video

With weak or corrupt authorities often unwilling to take on the fight, the Palawan NGO Network Inc, or PNNI, seeks to fill the void.
Tata gives hand signals for his men to drop to the rainforest floor as the searing whine of a chainsaw fades, their mission to save a critically endangered piece of paradise in the Philippines suddenly on hold.

Look the Video in HD in the album Palawan

Municipality of Culion
part of a group of islands in Northern Palawan

Culion - A Paradise Lost - A Paradise Regained

IMPORTANT: Look MUCH more with e.g. Museum, Videos about the present Culion island

El Nido - Heaven on Earth

officially the Municipality of El Nido is a first class municipality and managed resource protected area in the province of Palawan

Province of Romblon
Romblon

a 4th class municipality in the province of Romblon

Bicol Region
Region V

go to overview

Albay

Look also Albay declared UNESCO biosphere reserve
by/ Rhaydz B. Barcia March 21, 2016

City of Legazpi

a component city and capital of the province of Albay

Tiwi

a 1st class municipality in the province of Albay

Daraga

a 1st class municipality in the province of Albay

Camarines Norte
Camarines Sur
Baao

a 3rd class municipality in the province of Camarines Sur

Look also Baao Historical and Cultural Society HERE

Catanduanes

look also HERE

Province of Masbate, look also HERE
City of Masbate

look also HERE

Sorsogon
Donsol

a 3rd class municipality in the province of Sorsogon. Easily most known as the home of the whale shark

Visayan - Visayas

Islands - Provinces

The major islands are:

and with these sections, look - click:

Visayas - general

Western Visayas Region VI

Central Visayas Region VII

Eastern Visayas Region VIII

Culturally it may also include the following whose inhabitants identify as Visayan:

go to overview

The Malacañan sa Sugbo is the official residence of the President of the Philippines in the Visayas region, located in Cebu City.

Look also Malacañang Palace, or officially, Malacañan Palace, the official residence of the President of the Philippines

Visayas (Visayan: Kabisay-an) is one of the three island groups in the Philippines

look also Visayas - Visayan people and HERE

Nestled in the bosom of the Philippines central seas are islands which Spanish conquistadors called Islands of the Painted People, Islas de los Pintados, because of the ancient people's custom of tattooing.
Western Visayas Region VI

Western Visayas consists of the islands of Panay and the western half of Negros. The regional center is Iloilo City

Look also below

go to overview

Province of Aklan

look also HERE

Municipality of Nabas
Province of Antique
Province of Capiz
Dumarao

a 3rd class municipality in the province of Capiz

Panay or Pan-ay

a 4th class municipality in the province of Capiz

Province of Guimaras
Buenavista

a 2nd class municipality in the province of Guimaras

Province of Iloilo
City of Iloilo
Passi

officially City of Passi and often referred to as Passi City, is a third class city in the province of Iloilo.
 It is popularly known with its slogan "The Sweet City at The heart of Panay" due to its vast pineapple plantations and annual output in fruit production.

Miagao also written Miag-ao

a 1st class municipality in the province of Iloilo. Miagao is considered as the "Onion Capital of the Visayas".

look also HERE

and GIANT Miagao Farmers Market,

How beautiful Miagao captured my heart
by/Oz Mendoza September 17, 2015
'For me, Miagao is just a bit more special, for beyond the quiet facade, it has unexpected, eclectic delights to offer.'

Pavia

a 2nd class municipality in the province of Iloilo

Ajuy

a 2nd class municipality in the province of Iloilo

The present municipality of Ajuy started from a small settlement established by the early Malayan freedom-seekers on the north side of the Gubaton River near the present site of Barangay Lanjagan. It was originally called "Asui" by the natives.

Look also HERE

Santa Barbara

a 3rd class municipality in the province of Iloilo

Guimbal

a 4th class municipality in the province of Iloilo. It has been cited as most business-friendly local government unit in Western Visayas, and the cleanest and greenest town in Iloilo.

Look also HERE

Central Visayas Region VII

Central Visayas includes the islands of Cebu and Bohol, and the eastern half of Negros look also below. The regional center is Cebu City.

Look MORE: Cebu Province - "Special"

go to overview

Province of Bohol
Catigbian

a 4th class municipality in the province of Bohol

Catigbian was formerly known as San Jacinto, and only officially changed to its current name in the 1950s.

San Miguel

a 4th class municipality in the province of Bohol

Panglao

a 4th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. It is one of two municipalities that make up Panglao Island, the other being Dauis.

Cebu Province - "Special"

Province of Cebu

Cities of the Province of Cebu - Etc.

Municipalities of the Province of Cebu - Etc.

Barangays of the Province of Cebu - Etc.

Cebu City

Toledo City

IMPORTANT there´s MUCH more to look on these links:

Museums - Cebu

Cebuano language - etc.

Live by Garbage - Landfills - etc.

go to main-overview

Province of Cebu

go to overview

Province of Cebu

look also HERE, HERE, list of islands belonging to Cebu Province and Central Cebu Protected Landscape, CCPL

Why I fell in love with Cebu
by/Robert Brand Mar 15, 2015

'My dream is to continue traveling to Cebu, but also to see some other parts of the Philippines as well,' writes Australian Rob Brand

The video in the article, you can also look in the album "Why I love Cebu" in the album about "Cebu" in the album "Great Places to Visit" HERE

The Public Employment Service Office, PESO - CEBU

a non-free charging multi-employment service facility. Look Republic Act No. 8759 known as the PESO Act of 1999.

Look also the Video "What is PESO"

Metro Cebu

Municipality of ARGAO

Cebu ZIP Code Directory

Phone Area Code of Cebu

Make it Cebu with many good links
Cebu ebook with many good informations and links
Cebu Provincial Detention and Rehabilitation Center

Cities of the Province of Cebu - Etc.

go to overview

  City of Lapu-Lapu

a first class highly urbanized city in the province of Cebu. The city occupies most of Mactan Island, a few kilometer off the main island of Cebu and also covers the Olango Island Group further to the South-East, plus a few other islets. It is part of the Cebu Metropolitan Area.

Talisay City
Mandaue City
Danao City
Carcar City
City of Tagbilaran

Municipalities of the Province of Cebu - Etc.

go to overview

Municipalities of Cebu
Municipality of Aloguinsan
Municipality of Balamban
Catmon

a 5th class municipality. It is home to Cebu's second highest peak, Tore, which can be found in Barangay Cambangkaya. The 176-year-old town was named after the Catmon Tree, Dilleniacceae Phillippinensis and was founded by the Agustinian Recollects from its native settlement site along a river.

Municipality of Compostela
Consolacion

a 1st. class municipality

Municipality of Córdova
Municipality of Dalaguete

Look also HERE

Municipality of Daanbantayan
Municipality of Liloan
Municipality of Medellin

one of the nine municipalities comprising the 4th Congressional District of Cebu Province. Medellin is located next to Cebu’s northernmost tip.

It has been called the sugar bowl of Cebu because most its 7,400 hectare land area is planted to sugar.

Municipality of Naga
San Francisco

a 3rd class municipality. Almost all of San Francisco is located on Pacijan Island. A part of Barangay Esperanza also includes Tulang Island in the north. Both the islands of Pacijan and Tulang are part of the Camotes Islands Group.

Look also MUNICIPAL PROFILE OF SAN FRANCISCO

OUR WAY IN SAN FRANCISCO

Municipality of Santander
San Remigio

a 3rd class municipality, was formerly known as "Kanghagas", a kind of tree that grew abundant in the place.

Look also "KABILIN Death & Beauty in Old San Remigio" HERE

Municipality of Tuburan
Municipality of Boljoon also spelled Boljo-on

Barangays of the Province of Cebu - Etc.

go to overview

Sorry - So much missing link to the Barangays, please send a mail, if you have that

Cebu City

go to overview

City of Cebu
SM Seaside City - better known as The City By The Sea
SM Seaside City Cebu Guide offers you and your family a city guide that covers top destinations, maps, attractions, pictures, tours, restaurants, nightlife, dining, shopping, accommodations and more!
South Road Properties (SRP) as a mixed-use development, the SRP hosts retail and commercial establishments, dining and entertainment outlets, retirement facilities, residential condominium buildings, a hospital, tourism-oriented facilities and more!

Look also HERE

Cebu City - details

Toledo City and a´round

go to overview

Toledo City

and the history of Toledo City (Pueblo Hinulawan - Pueblo Toledo)

look also HERE

Toledo City, Cebu
Eastern Visayas Region VIII

Eastern Visayas consists of the islands of Leyte and Samar. The regional center is Tacloban City.

go to overview

Province of Biliran
Province of Leyte
Tacloban City
Palompon

a second class municipality

Look also HERE and the Video Market at Palompon

Province of Southern Leyte
The City of Maasin
Saint Bernard

a 4th class municipality in the province of Southern Leyte

According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 25,169 people in 30 barangays. It is situated on the Pacific coast and the first town form the mountain road from the eastern side of Sogod Bay.

Look also HERE and HERE

Hinunangan

a 3rd class municipality in the province of Southern Leyte

Hinunangan is known as the "Rice Granary of the Province" for its vast plain land that is entirely planted with rice. Hinunangan, one of the key towns of the province, has great potential for tourism because of its beautiful sand beaches and islands. The town is also a producer of rattan and wood-based furnitures, abaca handicrafts items, pineapple, vegetables, other forest products, and bamboo furnitures.

Look also HERE

Libagon Municipality

the home of Southern Leyte's frontier mountain to the world, the Mt. Patag Daku. Libagon is known for its Spanish-style municipal buildings. It is said to be Eastern Visayas' most Hispanic town.

Province of Eastern Samar
Municipality of Borongan
Province of Northern Samar
Catarman, Northern Samar
Province of Samar
Calbayog City

 a city in the province of Samar

Look about Calbayog Airport HERE

Calbiga

a 4th class municipality in the province of Samar

City of Catbalogan, look also HERE
Former Negros Island Region - NIR

go to overview

Duterte dissolves Negros Island Region
by Pia Ranada August 09, 2017 - with Video

President Rodrigo Duterte's new executive order EO 38 returns Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental to Western Visayas and Central Visayas, respectively.

Look also

Duterte to sign EO dissolving Negros Island Region 'soon'
by Pia Ranada October 11, 2016
The supposed P19-billion cost of creating the new region is 'not affordable' given the Duterte administration's other priorities, says the Budget Secretary.
An executive order to dissolve the newly formed Negros Island Region (NIR) is ready for President Rodrigo Duterte's signature, according to Budget Secretary Benjamin Diokno.

Palace eyes dissolution of Negros Island Region
by Ryan Macasero October 09, 2016
'There is a very big chance it (NIR) will be abolished because of the budget constraints,' says Presidential Assistant for the Visayas Michael Lloyd Dino.
He was asked about unconfirmed reports that the NIR would be dissolved and its provinces – Negros Oriental and Negros Occidental – reverted back to their old regions.

Abolition of Negros Island Region: Good or bad news?
by Firth McEachern August 30, 2017

'The Negros Island Region was probably not a good idea in the first place'

The Negros Island Region (NIR)

a region in the island of Negros composed of the provinces of Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental with the highly urbanized city of Bacolod.
On May 29, 2015, president Benigno Aquino III issued Executive Order No. 183, formally creating the region.

Look also HERE and the articles:

FAST FACTS: The Negros Island Region
by/Michael Bueza Apr 19, 2015

Top Negrense officials split on Siquijor joining Negros Island Region
by/Marchel P. Espina Updated June 13, 2015

Negrenses sign manifesto urging Duterte to keep Negros Island Region
by Marchel P. Espina November 07, 2016

'We are appealing for the retention of NIR to allow us to continue to exist and flourish,' says Negros Occidental Governor Alfredo Marañon Jr, as he notes the NIR is the country's 5th richest region.

Province of Negros Occidental
City of Kabankalan
San Carlos City
City of Bacolod
Bago City

a 2nd class city in the province of Negros Occidental

Sipalay City

The Jewel of the Sugar Island

a 4th class city in the province of Negros Occidental

Sagay City on the Northern tip of Negros Island
Salvador Benedicto also known as Don Salvador Benedicto

a 4th class municipality in the province of Negros Occidental

Province of Negros Oriental
Guihulngan

a city in the province of Negros Oriental

Look also

Canlaon City

a 4th class city in the province of Negros Oriental

City of Dumaguete
Province of Siquijor
Mindanao

Look also Mindanao Peace Talks and PAMANA, the national government’s framework and program for peace and development in conflict-affected areas, CAAs complementary sections

and with these sections, look click:

Zamboanga Peninsula
Region IX

Northern Mindanao
Region X

Davao Region
Region XI

SOCCSKSARGEN
Region XII

Caraga
Region XIII

Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao
ARMM

go to overview

Duterte declares martial law in Mindanao
by Pia Ranada, May 23, 2017
Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte makes the declaration while on an official visit to Russia, as Maute Group members attack Marawi City in Mindanao.

This is a developing story. Please refresh the link for updates.

Look also

Duterte proclamation declaring martial law in Mindanao
May 25, 2017
President Rodrigo Duterte's Proclamation No. 216 declaring martial law in Mindanao
The proclamation, signed on Tuesday, May 23, while Duterte was in Russia for an official visit, also suspended the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus in Mindanao.

Opposition lawmakers hit 'creeping authoritarianism' under Duterte
by Mara Cepeda May 29, 2017
Representatives Gary Alejano, Teddy Baguilat Jr, and Tom Villarin say President Rodrigo Duterte cannot ignore Congress and the Supreme Court over the martial law declaration in Mindanao

No joint session on martial law? Opposition lawmakers say its a cover-up
by Rambo Talabong May 29, 2017
The lawmakers said that it does not only undermine the Constitution, but it may also be hiding a plan to completely overturn it.

Duterte cannot ignore SC, Congress on martial law – senators
by Camille Elemia May 29, 2017
'The President swore to uphold and defend the Constitution, not willfully defile it and do only as he wants,' says minority Senator Francis Pangilinan.

Duterte will respect any SC ruling on martial law – Palace
by Pia Ranada May 29, 2017
Presidential Spokesman Ernesto Abella says Duterte's remarks on martial law are 'not meant to bypass the Supreme Court or the legislative'

Duterte: Only AFP, PNP can tell me to end martial law
May 28, 2017
President Rodrigo Duterte says Congress and the Supreme Court cannot tell him what to do because they are 'not the ones risking their lives' on the battlefield.
President Rodrigo Duterte seemingly dismissed provisions in the 1987 Constitution that allow Congress and the Supreme Court (SC) to assess any martial law declaration, saying he would only listen to the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and the Philippine National Police (PNP).

No joint session on martial law? Congress 'shields' Duterte
by Camille Elemia May 27, 2017
Unlike in 2009 when then president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo declared martial law in Maguindanao, Congress, now filled with Duterte allies, has no plans of convening to discuss his martial law declaration.

Congress receives Duterte's report on martial law proclamation
by Patty Pasion May 25, 2017
President Rodrigo Duterte submits his report to the Senate and the House of Representatives on Thursday evening, May 25.

Congress 'unlikely' to revoke martial law in Mindanao
by Camille Elemia May 25, 2017
'We have no intentions of revoking, therefore we (the Senate and the House of Representatives) need not meet jointly,' says Senate Majority Leader Vicente Sotto III.

Duterte eyes expanding martial law to whole PH
by Paterno Esmaquel II May 24, 2017 - with video
UPDATED President Rodrigo Duterte says he may expand martial law to Luzon and Visayas if the threat of ISIS persists.

Will martial law continue even after Marawi crisis?
by Paterno Esmaquel II May 24, 2017 - with video
Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana says 'it depends on Congress' whether martial law will continue even after the Marawi crisis has been resolved.

League of provinces supports martial law in Mindanao
by Rambo Talabong May 25, 2017
The league, which is composed of governors, the local chief executives of the country's provinces, commit to be vigilant especially on security matters in their respective areas.

Mindanao lawmakers justify martial law declaration
by Mara Cepeda May 24, 2017
Martial rule will help address Mindanao's peace and order problems, say lawmakers from the region.

Robredo: 'Trust the AFP' in martial law implementation
May 24, 2017
Vice President Leni Robredo says the best thing to do now is to support the government as it fights terrorists in Marawi City.

Marawi mayor to gov’t: Uphold human rights of ‘innocent civilians’
May 24, 2017
Marawi City Mayor Majul Usman Gandamra says the declaration of martial law in Mindanao is 'timely' but the government must ensure respect for human rights while it is in effect.

Duterte says his martial law to be similar to Marcos time
by Pia Ranada May 24, 2017 - with video
'It will not be any different from what the President Marcos did. I'd be harsh,' says the Philippine President before flying to Manila

TIMELINE: Marawi clashes prompt Martial Law in all of Mindanao
by Carmela Fonbuena May 24, 2017
Clashes erupt in Marawi City Tuesday afternoon, May 23. At the end of the day, President Rodrigo Duterte declares Martial Law in all of Mindanao.

IMPORTANT look MORE UPDATES HERE and HERE

Duterte's historical revisionism: A settler hijacks Mindanao
by Rogelio Braga June 14, 2017

Mindanao is a national issue and requires national discussion. For President Duterte to use 'I am from Mindanao' is hijacking Mindanao’s narrative

‘I am from Mindanao’ buffer statement:
This is a historical revisionism of settler’s migration and of the eventual displacements of Moros and indigenous in the histories of Mindanao. By invoking "I am from Mindanao" to silence dissent from Filipinos from Luzon and the Visayas, the President engages in the endless reconstruction and deconstruction of Mindanao’s histories.

AboutPhilippines thinks: A great serious article!

Mindanao a laboratory again?
by Patricio N. Abinales May 25, 2017

As President Duterte expands his targets of opportunity, it is once again Mindanao – yes, his beloved Mindanao – that will be the laboratory of this 21st-century version of Marcos’ war.

Look also

DND to AFP: Uphold rule of law, human rights in Mindanao
May 25, 2017
With martial law in place in Mindanao, the Department of National Defense reminds the Armed Forces of the Philippines not to violate the Constitution.

FAST FACTS: Mindanao, the Philippines' food basket
by Katerina Francisco May 30, 2017
The poorest island in the Philippines is rich in natural resources, producing 40% of the country's food needs.
With martial law declared in Mindanao, the 24 million people living in the Philippines' southern island face threats to their livelihood – a difficult situation for a region long battling with security threats, and whose people are some of the poorest in the country.
Mindanao

Mindanao arts and crafts

Many informations

Look as pdf HERE or as Video

Remark this is an album  in the album "Mindanao & Bangsamoro Basic Law - BBL"

Zamboanga Peninsula
Region IX

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City of Zamboanga

Zamboangueño Chavacano/Spanish: Ciudad de Zamboanga

Look also HERE

Zamboanga del Norte
City of Dapitan

a third-class city in the province of Zamboanga del Norte

Dipolog

a 3nd class city and the capital of the province of Zamboanga del Norte

Zamboanga del Sur
Pagadian

the provincial capital of Zamboanga del Sur

Zamboanga Sibugay

Northern Mindanao
Region X

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Bukidnon
City of Valencia - The City of Golden Harvest

a 2nd class component city in the province of Bukidnon

The City of Malaybalay

dubbed as the "South Summer Capital of the Philippines", is a first class component city and the capital and administrative center of the province of Bukidnon

Manolo Fortich, Bukidnon
Camiguin
Lanao del Norte
City of Iligan
Misamis Occidental
Oroquieta City

a 3rd class city in the province of Misamis Occidental

Misamis Oriental
City of Cagayan de Oro

the provincial capital city of the province of Misamis Oriental

Davao Region
Region XI

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Compostela Valley
Davao del Norte, known simply as Davao
Davao del Sur
Padada

a 4th class municipality in the province of Davao del Sur

Province of Davao Oriental

City of Davao

Davao City is also one of several cities, that are independent of any province.

SOCCSKSARGEN
Region XII

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Cotabato
Cotabato City

Cotabato City is an exclave of the SOCCSKSARGEN region found within the boundaries of Maguindanao province, but is independent of that province. Cotabato City is distinct from and should not be confused with the province of Cotabato.

Cotabato City is the regional center of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao but the city is actually part of the SOCCSKSARGEN region and does not belong to the ARMM

Kidapawan City

the capital city of Cotabato Province

Sarangani
South Cotabato
Polomolok

a suburban municipality of South Cotabato

City of General Santos

abbreviated G.S.C. or GenSan

Sultan Kudarat
Tacurong, the city of goodwill

a 3rd class city in the province of Sultan Kudarat

Tacurong is proud of its multicultural society as it is home to migrants from the Islands of Panay and Negros, Ilocos, Cebu as well as Moro tribes such as Maranao, Tausug and Maguindanao. Because majority of the migrants were from Panay and Negros, Hiligaynon became the most dominant language

Look a great article HERE

Caraga
Region XIII

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Agusan del Norte
City of Butuan

Look also HERE

Agusan del Sur

Look about The Golden Tara of Agusan and about Agusan Marsh

 

Bayugan

Located at the northern part of Agusan del Sur, Bayugan is the "cutflower capital" of the province owing to its lucrative cut flower industry.

Dinagat Islands

Look also HERE

San Jose

a municipality and the capital of the province of Dinagat Islands

Surigao del Norte
Surigao City
Del Carmen

a fifth class municipality on Siargao Island in the province of Surigao del Norte

Look also

Sison

a 5th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte

Look also HERE

Surigao del Sur
Bislig
officially called the City of Bislig and often referred to as Bislig City, is a third income class city in the province of Surigao del Sur
Cortes

a fourth class municipality in the province of Surigao del Sur. The town faces the Pacific Ocean on the eastern part

Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao
ARMM

Look also

Duterte signs Bangsamoro Organic Law
The law replaces the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) with the new Bangsamoro region with greater fiscal and political autonomy

and Mindanao Peace Talks and Terrorism & Terrorgroups

go to overview

Video

What is the current economic standing of ARMM?

While the Bangsamoro Basic Law is still far from completion, a successful implementation of this is said to give great economic gain for the region and the country apart from finally achieving peace. But what exactly is the current economic standing of the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao and how exactly will the BBL help the situation? Jun 10, 2015

Remark this is an album "Mindanao & Bangsamoro Basic Law - BBL"

Province of Basilan

Look also the article The Basilan I never expected
by/David Lozada Aug 23, 2015
'It’s sad that most Filipinos know only about the kidnappings and bombings when Basilan has so much beauty and culture to offer' - The same article is also HERE

Lanao del Sur
Marawi City

a Muslim city and capital of the province of Lanao del Sur on the island of Mindanao

IMPORTANT look MORE UPDATES HERE and HERE

FAST FACTS: Marawi City
by Aika Rey May 29, 2017

As the clashes ensue, will we still be able to witness the beauty of the Islamic City of Marawi?

IMPORTANT look MORE UPDATES HERE and HERE

Maguindanao

Look also

Moropreneur: Weaving a brighter future for Maguindanao
by Roanne Duran September 07, 2017

By carefully weaving together the natural gifts of the people and the region’s rich culture, interventions anchored on empowering communities, and the common aspiration to uplift lives, a better Maguindanao is possible.

Cotabato City

Cotabato City is an exclave of the SOCCSKSARGEN region found within the boundaries of Maguindanao province, but is independent of that province. Cotabato City is distinct from and should not be confused with the province of Cotabato.

Cotabato City is the regional center of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao but the city is actually part of the SOCCSKSARGEN region and does not belong to the ARMM

Province of Sulu

look also

Sulu Archipelago

Line of succession of the Sultans of Sulu of the Modern Era
February 26, 2013

List of sultans of Sulu and Jamalul Kiram III

Tawi-Tawi
Laws: Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, ARMM and Proposed Bangsamoro Basic Law - BBL

IMPORTANT Look more about the proposed law HERE

go to overview

RA 10153 REPUBLIC ACT NO. 10153
AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE SYNCHRONIZATION OF THE ELECTIONS IN THE AUTONOMOUS REGION IN MUSLIM MINDANAO (ARMM) WITH THE NATIONAL AND LOCAL ELECTIONS AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
Bangsamoro Basic Law Bangsamoro Basic Law: House Bill No. 4994 full text

Look also the article How different is ARMM from the Bangsamoro?
by/Angela Casauay May 09, 2015
Here are 14 key features of the Bangsamoro compared to the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao

Commission finalizes Bangsamoro Basic Law draft
by Pia Ranada June 08, 2017

Government peace panel chairperson Irene Santiago hopes President Rodrigo Duterte will certify the bill as urgent in his second State of the Nation Address on July 24.

Charter Change? - Federalism in PH - Pros and cons of federalism - Etc.

Look also above Under decentralization

Remark most of the videos in this section are albums in the album "Pros and cons of federalism"

go to overview

Videos

Several videos with different "Pros and cons" - Etc.

and about the agenda "Federalism in the Philippines"

Federalism in motion: a runaway train?
by Joel Rocamora October 17, 2017

The logic of the PDP proposal seems to suggest an 'intended consequence'

a political system which will be easier for the Duterte regime to control

An open letter to millennials: Don’t federalize, organize!
by Carmel Veloso Abao November 10, 2017

Why not break the dominance of dynasties first before federalizing?

Videos

Proposed amendments to the 1987 Constitution

Presentation on regional powers and fiscal sharing under federalism
September 27, 2017

The House committee on constitutional amendments hear the presentation of the technical working group on the shift to federalism
--
House discussion on proposed amendments to the 1987 Constitution
October 03 - 09, 2017

The House committee on constitutional amendments heard the presentation of the technical working group on the shift to federalism on Wednesday, September 27.
On October 3, the House committee on constitutional amendments hold the continuation of the discussion of the technical working group on the shift to federalism.

Video

Federalism in PH – what Duterte’s party is proposing
September 29, 2017

Rappler speaks to Jonathan Malaya, executive director of PDP-Laban Federalism Institute, who has stirred the party research here and abroad, the consultations with experts, and the nationwide information campaign on federalism.

Robredo: No need to overhaul Constitution
Vice President Leni Robredo says lawmakers should just introduce amendments to some provisions of the Constitution.
A country's constitution should be fluid with the times but it doesn't mean it should be overhauled, said Vice President Leni Robredo.

Look also

Federalism raises 'more questions than answers'
'Is federalism the only way the Philippines can save itself? Is the Philippines ready for federalism?' asks Vice President Leni Robredo

Both by Patty Pasion February 21, 24, 2017

Is federalism the silver bullet?
by Ronald U. Mendoza January 13, 2017

If federalism is to bring fundamental change, then the dynasties and the oligarchs should face greater competition.

Congress 2017: Bleak prospects for shift to federalism
by Camille Elemia and Mara Cepeda January 11, 2017

The proposal to change the Philippines' system of government – a cornerstone of President Duterte's campaign – may have widespread support in the House of Representatives, but may face challenges in the Senate.

Duterte to quit in 3 years if federalism begins
by Paterno Esmaquel II October 29, 2016

'Basta ako sana mismo ang magsabi, alis na ako. Hindi ako maghintay ng 6 years,' President Rodrigo Duterte says as he pushes for federalism.

'Is federalism a Trojan horse for other agenda?'
by Paterno Esmaquel II October 20, 2016

Constitutionalist Christian Monsod says President Rodrigo Duterte's rush to amend the Constitution 'is dangerous demagoguery'

LOOK: The 12 Deputy Speakers of the 17th Congress
by Mara Cepeda August 17, 2016

The House leadership appoints 7 more deputy speakers as the 17th Congress prepares for a shift to federalism.
The 12 deputy speakers are set to represent 12 autonomous regions that would arise should the Philippines become a federal state.

Federalism's implications on our legal and judicial systems
by Tony La Viña and Johanna Lorenzo January 07, 2017

The emergence of separate and distinct legal and judicial systems within the country need not necessarily divide Filipinos, but it bears to recognize that such a threat does exist, and it should at least cause one to think though the consequences of shifting to a federalist system.

Why federalism is not the answer
by Vicente V. Mendoza October 10, 2016

Writes a retired Supreme Court justice: 'We don’t need to change to a federal system but only push hard for decentralization to break up the concentration of power in the central government'

Duterte: I’ll offer to resign once PH becomes federal
by Pia Ranada July 28, 2016

If Congress is able to complete the process toward federalism in 2 to 4 years, Rodrigo Duterte will offer to resign to make way for the election of new leaders.
“If they can shorten the proceedings, you have a Constitution that is federal in 2 or 3 years, then you have to elect a president. Of course, that would automatically legally [mean] hindi na ako p'wede (I will have to be replaced), so I will offer to resign,” he said on Wednesday night, July 27, during an event with the League of Cities and Provinces.

Look also

Ex-Chief Justice Davide against amending Constitution
by Michael Bueza August 14, 2016
If plans for charter change push through, he hopes amendments will be done via a Constitutional Convention
Former Supreme Court Chief Justice Hilario Davide Jr opposes amending the current 1987 Constitution.

Brillantes: Federalism 'next logical step' in empowering local gov'ts
by Jodesz Gavilan August 06, 2016
Former UP National College of Public Administration and Governance dean Alex Brillantes Jr says federalism can be 'one fundamental reform' that can transform and empower frontline government units,
and look the video on the site: Rappler editor-at-large Marites Vitug talks to former UP NCPAG Dean Alex Brillantes on the merits of federalism for the Philippines.

Fariñas: Suspension of lawmaking for Con-Ass 'not fatal'
by Mara Cepeda August 05, 2016
'You are talking about divorce, you are talking about death penalty. E paano kung sa bagong Constitution bawal pala ‘yun? Sayang lang ang ginawa mong batas,' says House Majority Leader Rodolfo Fariñas

Duterte: I'll close Congress if Con-Ass ruins Charter
by Pia Ranada August 04, 2016
President Rodrigo Duterte tells critics of a Constituent Assembly that he is their last line of defense against a bastardized Constitution

Con or Ass: We can misbehave!
by Fr. Ranhilio Callangan Aquino August 04, 2016
For charter change, a convention of appointed members would still be perfectly constitutional

Con-Com EO for federalism
by Mara Cepeda August 01, 2016
UPDATED The Speaker proposes the formation of a Constitutional Commission after critics said there would be abuse of power in a Constituent Assembly
House Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez said he would suggest to President Rodrigo Duterte to issue an executive order (EO) to create for a Constitutional Commission (Con-Com).
The Con-Com, whose members will be appointed, is envisioned to help the Constituent Assembly in amending the 1987 Constitution.

Will federalism address PH woes?
Pros and cons of making the shift
by/Pia Ranada and Nico Villarete Updated February 01, 2016

At least 3 presidential and vice presidential candidates in 2016 are pushing for a change in the Philippine system of government

Look also

Alvarez files con-con bill for federalism
by Mara Cepeda July 01, 2016

Davao del Norte First District Representative Bebot Alvarez, who is expected to be the House Speaker, is eyeing to set up a federalist form of government within President Rodrigo Duterte's term

How many states should PH have under federalism?
by Mara Cepeda July 12, 2016

Advocates of federalism want to divide the country into 11 autonomous states

No vice president under federalism? Alvarez says 'it depends'
by/ Bea Cupin June 07, 2016

Davao del Norte's Pantaleon Alvarez, the preferred House Speaker of the President-elect, is asked if the Duterte administration is moving to abolish the VP post

Look also the video 'Duterte: This is how Federalism will work in the Philippines' in the above album

and the articles

Federalism can't cut short VP Robredo term – experts
by/Patty Pasion June 08, 2016
The Philippines can also create a federal, parliamentary form of government that allows for a vice president or a deputy prime minister, congressmen say

FAST FACTS: The vice president in a federal parliamentary gov't
by/Reynaldo Santos Jr June 09, 2016

Federalism in PH: 81 senators, 11 federal states?
by Katerina Francisco June 17, 2016

Former Senate president Aqulino Pimentel Jr suggests increasing the number of senators for a proposed federal Philippine government, and adding disputed areas to the country's territory

Look also

Federalism proposal: Disperse seats of power throughout PH
by Katerina Francisco June 18, 2016
Former Senate president Aquilino Pimentel Jr outlines the features of a proposed federal government: autonomous regions will enforce policies for their own affairs, leaving the central government to focus on areas of national interest

Robredo: Federalism a good idea, but are we ready?
by Bobby Lagsa July 08, 2016
The Vice President points out that a number of municipalities are still dependent on the IRA for their operations, indicating their lack of capability to raise incomes independent of the national government

God Bless you & Many regards
from
"A Balikbayan family"

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